What if there were no rules in a dystopian community? We live in a world without the overstated rules, without order, without having to be impeccable, but we have freedom an individuality. “Dystopia” is defined as a fictional world where people live under a highly controlled totalitarian system, where individual identity is suppressed and families no longer exist. Rules and orders are negatively portrayed in dystopian societies and are acclaimed to take away the freedom, choice, and individuality. Henceforth, to inhibit the control within the community, the rules should be restricted.
While employing many of the same concepts as utopia, for example, social steadiness created by authoritarian regimentation, the dystopia comprehends these ideas pessimistically. Dystopia angrily challenges utopia 's fundamental assumption of human perfectibility, arguing that humanity 's inherent flaws contradict the possibility of constructing perfect societies, except for those that are perfectly hell-like. Dystopias are exclusively fictional, that presents forbidding, tyrannical societies with the moralistic goal of preventing the horrors they point
While ethical relativism has its advantages, such as that it could create a peaceful society, that is not always the case. Relativism does not accept that certain moral values are universal. Just because cultures differ, that does not mean there are no moral values and norms, like murder or child abuse. Determining what is morally right or wrong is a difficult thing, and each individual has a different belief about it. So, by allowing everyone to follow their own moral code, it could lead to a chaotic society.
Individualism is an ethical, governmental or social perspective that pressures human freedom and the need for person self-reliance and freedom. It is contrary to most exterior disturbance with ones choices, whether by community, the state or any other group or organization collectivism or statism, and it also instead of the view that custom, religious beliefs or any other form of exterior ethical standard should be used to restrict ones choice of activities. According topolitical philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–59) described individualism in terms of a kind of moderate selfishness that disposed humans to be concerned only with their own small circle of family and friends. Now a similar term but has its variations social objectives
The thoughtful person is subsumed with rational procedures. He claimed that Marx's immiseration of workers is wrong as he didn't allow for improvement in their conditions. "Marx did not see justice and freedom are dialectical concepts ... the more freedom, the less justice, and the more justice, the less freedom. The critical theory which I concieved later is based on the idea that one cannot determine what is good, what a good, a free society would look like from within the society we now live in. We lack the means.
The Unexpected Encounter with Reality Individuals often have simplistic, innocent idealistic perceptions of the world. However, once they unexpectedly encounter the ruthless, cruel reality, they experience internal conflict with themselves as they attempt to preserve their previous naïve worldviews. Eventually, individuals are forced to accept that innocence is not everlasting and that the brutal truth of reality must be accepted. In the short story “The Blue Bouquet”, Octavio Paz suggests that when individuals experience the unpredictable evil reality, their innocent, idealistic perceptions of the world immediately succumb to reality; as a result, they no longer view the world the same way as their innocence has completely disappeared. During
However, this very principle of utilitarianism also faces criticism in later time for the fact that it cannot adequately safeguard the rights of every individual person and that happiness depends on many other things other than based on this principle. It is also as against the extreme form of individualism that many thinkers stand opposed to the same. Many thinkers fear that the practice of individualism may bring the organic social order and harmony of the society into jeoparady. Edmund Burke (1729- 1797) is of the view that liberalism which is identified with modern notion of individualism has no positive influence on the society if exercised alone. In such a case, it may give rise to unruly behaviour on the part of the individual in the society.
One possible solution is that it learned from past experiences from the failure of the excessively pretentious exhibition. Modern culture and art should have an association so that art can defend its existence. For Lyotard, the world is so diversed and fragmented that art cannot possibly claim the knowledge that Habermas suggested. Though it is not easy for the linkages between modern culture and everyday life be established, it is optimistic to have such a thought than to concur with Lyotard’s view that we have to reclaim our position despite we are in a midst of chaos. Both theories do not fight nor compete with one another.
Imagine a world where the content of literature was solely allegorical. I believe that it would affect our society and not allow us to be a fully functional human being. We would consume literature in such a way that we are unable to have the ability to convey our freedom of expression. The symbols and metaphors would guide us and formulate the proper procedure in how we should handle each circumstance that may arise, but that does not come without a cost—an illusion of choice. The allegory can be elusive and its ability to influence our existence tips the scale in favor of determinism over free will.
Market failure: It means that the market can not be efficient allocation of goods and services. Market failure can be seen as someone who wants to pursue personal interests leads to this result. “It describes any situation where the individual incentives for rational behavior do not lead to rational outcomes for the group. Put another way, each individual makes the correct decision for him/herself, but those prove to be the steady state disequilibrium in which the quantity supplied does not equal the quantity demanded.” Merit goods: means that goods and services that the government feels that people will under-consume, and which should be provided free at the point of use so that consumption does not depend primarily on the ability to pay