This sharing and diversity of religious thought greatly shaped the Chinese Empire as a divine culture and in intellectual advance. Thirdly, uncommon in other civilizations the peasantry in China was ranked relatively higher than usual , where in many civilizations the common man is ranked at the bottom of the social pyramid. The fact that the peasantry has given a larger dose of power, it kind of adds a democratic spice the Chinese social hierarchy, even though China was a democratic civilization, in that a portion of the power belongs to the people. The final major positive Chinese society was that the Chinese youth was greatly disciplined and respectful of the older. Majorly impacted the various belief systems, especially Confucianism, Chinese children were greatly obedient and respectful if their parents and to elder family members.
Fascism and communism are both types of totalitarian style governments that had a great influence on the 20th century. Communism involved the emphasis on the common good by seizing private property and distributing it among the masses in order to create state-owned property, whereas fascism involved the complete rule of a dictator by forcibly suppressing the opposition with an emphasis on nationalism and sometimes racism. The most popular example of communism was the Soviet Union, but many smaller countries possessed the Soviet Union’s communist influence. The two most popular examples of fascist style governments include Hitler’s Nazism in Germany, which had an emphasis on racism, and Mussolini’s fascist state in Italy. Although many countries pursued communist style governments, fascism had a greater impact and
While using totalitarianism, Stalin had complete dominance over Russia. Anyone who protested or ignored what Stalin commanded was executed. Everyone was scared of Stalin and nobody tried to go against Stalin. Stalin wasn’t doing all of this alone. He had the help of Genrikh Yagoda and Lazar Kaganovich.
To establish a totalitarian regime, use intense propaganda campaign and create a common target for public. After the party slowly taking support from people, it also starts to slowly destroy opposition parties to become one-party state. The party will gain power through the help of police-like corps which provides order and chaos at the same time all over the state. Taking control of economy, strict restriction of speaking freely and disobeying the orders, mass surveillance with the help of corps and public informers are some of the main steps for establishing and maintaining the regime. The concepts totalitarianism, dictatorship and fascism are quite one with the others so many people mix them up.
“The government censoring and blocking everything against the ruling communist party,” (How Strict Are China’s Censorship Laws?) is the reason behind why the people haven’t been informed of how things function in the outside world. This has helped the government until this point in history because the citizens just listen to the authorities and have no access to the outside flow of information. “Words like democracy and revolt are blocked from the internet,”(How Strict Are China’s Censorship Laws?) and the news agencies in China are only “ allowed to release only state-approved news”(How Strict Are China’s Censorship Laws?).
Moreover, Orwell expresses that a totalitarian government will put an end to individuality and emphasize the importance of unity among all citizens through the use of indirect manipulation and propaganda. “Indeed, so long as they are not permitted to have standards of comparison, they never even become aware that they are oppressed” (207). The totalitarian system of Oceania brings forth the unity and peace that only exists within the nation during the time of wars.
This will ultimately speak volumes about his perceived views on government. According to Peter Baehr: author of Dictatorship in History “Totalitarianism extreme in its denial of liberty, conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself,” (Baehr 1). Baehr goes on to say that one characteristic of totalitarianism is, “A revolutionary, exclusive, and apocalyptic ideology that announces the destruction of the old order; corrupt and compromised, and the birth of a radically new, purified and muscular age. Totalitarian ideology creates myths, festivities… and rituals designed to commemorate the destiny of the elect,” (Baehr 5).
China’s current socialist government can hardly be considered as revolutionary, save for the cultural revolution. It did, however, hallmark Blanquism’s liberal use of force to save the revolution; i.e. to take care of political dissidents that reside within its borders, as well as keeping its population under general surveillance and repression. This, and also being the polar opposite of Blanqui’s uncompromising illegality, where China’s communist party had begun to posit itself as the embodiment of China’s legal
The People’s Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). After the reform and opening policy was issued in 1978, China has now became the world’s second largest economy. Though it still declares itself a socialist country, China is generally regarded as an authoritarian or totalitarian capitalist country led by the CCP(Witt, 2012). Supporters for late economic development theory, such as Hirschman, regard political order acquired through authoritarian ruling as critical in explaining developing countries’ rapid economic development. Thus, studying the main reason for China’s stability is of great significance in understanding China’s rapid economic growth.
China is a communist state, therefore it is officially considered atheist. As a result 59% of people tend to have no official religious affiliation, while 20% are up to traditional religions, like Confucianism and Taoism. Hence Confucianism is the most widespread and powerful religion in China. Confucianism is a religion, developed by Chinese philosopher Confucius.