When an individual is lacking understanding of their environment, that’s called immaturity. When a person is immature, their reputation is affected. In many ways a person that is immature is not trusted by other people, nor trust people either. The novel “Catcher in the rye” takes place in Pennsylvania at his former school in the late 1940’s and the novel is told from a first person view.
Holden’s obsession stems from his fear that he may become a phony one day. So, he spends the book running from adulthood by doing childish things and struggling to keep his life from changing. We see Holden’s fear of phonies shine throughout The Catcher in the Rye. Why does he have this fear?
For example, he wrote about him in a paper and he pleads to Allie in New York (Bennett 129). Psychoanalytic interpretations help readers to try and understand Holden’s psyche in order to figure out why Holden acts the way he does (Bennett 129). Looking at Caulfield’s childhood, which had a very traumatic event, could be the cause of his erratic behavior (Bennett 129). Even though there are many critics who believe Holden is “...negative, vulgar, whining, and cynical,” there are many other readers who believe there is more to Holden
Unlike Spencer, he demonstrates teenagers’ cynical perspective on the society, where being an adult will lead to their downfalls or, possibly, to their deaths. Throughout the Catcher in the Rye, Salinger suggests that the cynical perspectives of teenagers may originate from the academic pressure enforced upon them. Spencer unveils his concern on Holden’s future due, to Holden’s academic failure; Holden secretly expresses his discomfort by interrupting Spencer and leaving his house (Salinger 8). In fact, Clinical Psychological Science warned that the stress level increases during the school year. It also alleged the fact that rates of suicide attempts of adolescents were slightly higher than adults (Jayson).
Sandy struggles to express his thoughts and feelings with his wife Georgie. He has a reoccurring dream where he’s reliving the time he drowned as a teenager. As he wakes up in a panic and Georgie asks him if he’s had a bad night and he excuses his strange behaviour for “Heartburn”(p.262). He won’t tell his wife about the terror the dreams cause him out of fear of looking too emotional.
When reading the text Fear, by Gary Soto, I can’t help but assume the author’s purpose or overarching theme was that our past or life experiences can affect how we act. In this stories case, a life without love, can cause terrible behavior. The plot of the story revolves around a boy that comes from a broken home, and due to such circumstances he bullies his peers. The story was a typical encounter a fifth grader would have with Frankie (boy from a broken home). The narrator says, “Some of us looked away because it was unfair.
Holden Caulfield, the main character sees this as an essential which relates to his struggle to grow up and how his relationships are affected by it. Salinger uses unfortunate circumstances of Holden’s life to depict that he is a mentally and emotionally unstable individual who is looking for the innocence he once had as a child. As Holden repeatedly brings up situations that has taken place in his life it offers the reader insight on the grief and pain that Holden carries inside. An example of this is when Holden’s younger sister, Phoebe challenges Holden to tell her one thing that he likes, all he can come up with is his younger brother Allie who sadly died of Leukemia. When Phoebe tries to snap Holden into reality that Allie is no longer around, he immediately gets defensive saying, “‘I know he’s dead!
He knows that the school doesn’t want him to be there anymore, his roommate almost beat him unconscious, and his parents will only be disappointed when they know that he has been expelled from yet another school. For Holden, it seems like there is no one else to turn to, except his younger sister Phoebe who he can’t see unless he goes home. Teenagers all across America feel this same sort of detachment from the rest of society. Only one thing going wrong could cause the rest of our worlds to collapse. Holden ended up trying to live on the streets when he ran out of money, and as the story progressed, he dug himself into a larger hole of loneliness.
To not seem “phony”, a recurring word in the novel, J.D. Salinger utilizes repetitive dialogue for the main character Holden Caulfield, to show how desperately Holden doesn’t want to seem insincere and fake. He believes that of all of his prep schools he has been too were all “full of phonies” (Catcher in the rye, page 2). They are were trying to appear better than they were, because that is what they grew up seeing society around them doing.
The parents don’t appreciate the knowledge their son possesses as it disrupts their intellectual authority over their child. As explained in ‘The Gothic Child’, ‘excess feelings of bitterness’ prevail when a child is deserted by ‘their immoral, neglectful parents’ (Georgieva: 2013, p. xi). This links directly to Danny’s relationship with his father, as the possibility of Jack’s alcoholism and aggressive tendencies resulting in divorce is ‘the greatest terror of Danny’s life’, and in the source of great anxiety for him. This is further suggested as Danny first unlocks his psychic abilities whilst sensing the extreme strain on his parents’ marriage and “desperately… concentrating to understand” (Shining 40), further reiterating the relationship between neglectful familial relationships and the child’s susceptibility to the
Also, when Holden wakes up to Mr. Antolini patting him on the forehead in the middle of the night, he tells us of similar “perverty” stuff that happened to him multiple times as a child. Therefore, he clearly struggles to trust anyone he both meets and knows, which shows his insecurity and skepticism of others. Another instance of this is Holden’s relationship with D.B. Although Holden says that they were once close, he now considers D.B. as phony because of the work he does in the film industry. In doing so, he loses a close relationship with his brother, just because he feels
In his upbringing, T.J. saw signs of domestic violence and drug use, that could have caused T.J. as a child to have potentially blamed himself, felt anxious, and even slight confusion to what was happening between his mother and father. Not only that but T.J. was removed from his home and later placed with his grandparents. As T.J. grew older, he had many friends in middle school but as the years progressed, he became more of an outcast and had no one. Essentially, this effected T.J. school dynamics because he was teased by his fellow classmates, which changed the culture, rules and roles of others (Burgess, Regehr, & Roberts, 2013).
J.D Salinger classic novel the catcher in the rye reflects on the life of Holden Caulfield life and his emotional breakdown and his self isolation at penecy prep. The loss of Holden little brother and the school environment changed his perspective on
Throughout The Reader, from adolescence to adulthood, Michael is “haunted by a personal sense of guilt” (Munteanu). He feels guilty for a variety of reasons, predominantly his lifelong addiction to Hanna. Since the beginning of their ill-fated relationship in his teens, he knew there could be no future for them; not even as friends. Yet, when she reappears in his college years, the lovesickness Michael felt as a child seems to come creeping back. Even as he tries to forget her after the trial, it floods back following the collapse of his marriage.
Holden’s background reflects the way depression occurs in adolescents of his age. Many attributes to depression included in the article such as “Poor performance in school, Lack of enthusiasm, etc.” (Mental Health America, 1) cause Holden to have emotions related to depression. Holden feel this way because his past experiences including the stress and pain he has worsens his mood and demeanor. Also contributing to his depression, everyone around does not realize the pain he is in so he smokes and drinks to get rid of his pain.