Differentiation, with respect to instruction, means tailoring it to meet individual needs of the students. Teachers can differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Teachers differentiate the four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile. (Tomlinson 2000). Differentiated instruction can be known as an organizing framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and syllabus, if done in the proper way, its benefits will transgress the costs.
Bloom’s Taxonomy provides an important framework for teachers to use to focus on higher order thinking. By providing a hierarchy of levels, this taxonomy can assist teachers in designing performance tasks, making questions for discussing with learners, and providing feedback on student work. This resource is divided into different levels each with Keywords that exemplify the level and questions that focus on that same critical thinking level. Questions for Critical Thinking can be used in the classroom to develop all levels of thinking within the cognitive domain. The results will be improved attention to detail, increased comprehension and prolonged problem solving skills.
The learner became better or different from the others was based on the concept attainment of the new material and the quality and the quantity of the relevant knowledge that learners gained as meaningful learning. Herewith teachers play important roles in education. Teachers are not only teacher, but they are an educator, facilitator, motivator, and leader. They had to meet the learner’s need in order to make learning take place because every learner has his/her own way of learning. The teacher has to prepare and plan the best method and strategy of teaching to best fit the student’s need.
Teachers face new challenges to provide different learning environments for students with motivated learning practices. It also creates for students’ new responsibilities and opportunities, and from all these difficulties develops changed and improved interactions with the learning materials, for both teacher and students. Examples of collaborative learning method Collaborative learning activities can help students to create critical thinking and gather work skills. There are numerous sorts of collaborative activities that students can complete. However, teachers should be set up to make them talk and move in the classroom for these activities.
Acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviors usually takes place in school, particularly in the classroom. In order to efficiently provide learning and better understanding, arranging the physical environment and set-up of the classroom as well as applying interventions according to the participants’ learning needs is important. This study would serve as a basis for an intervention program basing on the participants’ learning style, thus breaking through the traditional way of teaching. This study would offer assistance to the clinical instructors and teachers in helping students become empowered learners by extending and promoting cognitive bridging techniques based on the seven intelligences. This would also aid
In this study, the researchers mentioned that ICT has a profound impact in classrooms as organisational a change is needed in order to change how the students interact in the class as to form a collaborative and interactive learning process. This is also agreed as mentioned in one of the research that the collaborative use of technology is usually more effective than individual use (Higgins, Xiao, Katsipataki, 2012). Moreover, the study also identified that whether or not the technology is used can make the difference, but it is actually on how well the technology is used to support teaching and learning process. Indeed, technology is best used as a supplement to normal teaching rather than as a replacement for
ICBL can be used as an instructional approach and assessment. Besides the three stages that align with scientific inquiry, the three-phase process of ICBL can be closely mapped to the features of authentic assessment as suggested by Wiggins (1998). In the problem posing phase, an unstructured problem in the form of a real-world case is given to the students for their analysis and problem creation. When they problem solve their proposed questions in the problem solving phase, teachers will guide students on applying knowledge and skills and exploration in the discipline. Finally, in peer persuasion, students will defend their findings and convince their peers.
This is a powerful process which can either be very beneficial when used properly or can unfortunately inhibit learning. Assessment for learning is a useful tool for lecturers. It can be utilised for a variety of things; to gather data needed in order to plan lessons and modify teaching methods and modules by updating schemes of work for the needs of individuals, particular groups, or the class as a whole. These will facilitate the recognition of any strengths or weakness, so that both teachers and students can improve on what is needed. Any learning needs will become clearer, and a constructive way to tackle the outcomes will have to be developed accordingly.
3.2. Possible Activities The connection between the educator and learner is somewhat like a negotiation that serves to produce a format or framework toward forming sociocultural construct and understanding of information which also fulfils a deeper level of synthesis of concepts (Glover et al, 2007; Hennessy et al, 2007). Hennessy et al (2007, p. 284) describe this as: Cognitive scaffolding process; our particular sociocultural perspective emphasises the importance of the social context of the classroom too in creating favourable conditions for learning. In focusing on whole class interaction we acknowledge that ‘teachers and children negotiate a mutual understanding of the social rules and expectations which underpin classroom order’. Binterova and
Learning: is the process of acquiring the means to help satisfy the motives and goals to achieve, and which often take a picture to solve the problems. If we look at learning definitions show that the main and common ideas that implied by most definitions listed are: 1. The function of learning the behavior occurs changes must be caused by training or previous