Maharashtra stands at the top with 2.3 million net migrants, followed by Delhi (1.7 million), Gujarat (0.68 million) and Haryana (0.67 million) as per census. Uttar Pradesh (-2.6 million) and Bihar (-1.7million) were the two states with largest number of net migrants migrating out of the state. Components of urban population growth: 1. The major component of urban population growth is natural growth with a increase of 40 millions in population. 2.
Number of population residing in urban areas has increased from 2.58 crores in 1901 to 28.53 crores in 2001. Only28% of population was living in urban areas as per 2001 census. Over the years there has been continuous concentration of population in class I towns. On the contrary the concentration of population in medium and small towns either fluctuated or declined. The graduation of number of urban centers from lower population size categories to class I cities has resulted top heavy structure of urban population in India.
During urbanization process, there are mainly five trends (Seto et al., 2013). First, urban areas are growing faster than urban populations objectively. Second, urban areas cause climate change due to UHI effect and altered atmospheric condensation. Third, nature resources are consumed heavily by increasing building zones. Fourth, biodiversity regions experience faster urbanization than other areas.
In his book The World Economy, Angus Maddison (2006) shows us data of population and GDP per capita as well as its growth rate from three period of time in human history: from year 0 to 1000, 1000 to 1820, and 1820 to 1998. As the table shows us, there is an increase in population around the world between 1000 and 1820. Nevertheless, the period of 1820 to 1998 is when we can observe the trend as described by Anderson above, especially in Western Europe, where the Industrial Revolution began. If during 1000-1820, Western Europe had a population growth rate was 0.20 annualy, it jumped to 0.60 during the 1820-1998 period. Similarly, GDP per capiata growth rate had a sharp increase from 0.14 to 1.51.
However, the times are changing. The annual growth rate that used to be at 7% has risen to over 10%. India stands at the fourth place worldwide, as a market leader by having about 8% of the total share. It also accounts for 13% by value (Organisation of pharmaceutical producers of India, 2004), and its drug exports have been growing by 30% annually (Indian Government National Pharmaceuticals Policy, January
By 1930, the world’s population had doubled and by the year 2000 it had increased to about 6 billion people. This rapid population growth was accompanied with an equally dramatic rise in the percentage of the population who lived in cities, in 1900, barely 10% of the world’s population lived in cities, by 1950, this increased to almost one-third and
presently, there are 200,000 of these communities in the world, according to the UN Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing, most of these communities are in and around cities, and their number is increasing exponentially. Even before the economic crisis which is observed in 2008, about 33% of all city population live in slums, slums which will expand its size by one billion more people within the next twenty years. (International Business Times 10/2014) Although 90 percent of the world's informal settlements are in developing countries like India and Brazil, they spread in whole world and also in European countries and largest American cities. In India ,during British colonialism cities were segmented into blocks, wards and colonies, whereby people belonging to similar socio economic conditions, when come to these cities they live together in the segment to which their socio economic condition
The beauty and cosmetics business in India is growing tremendously with the cosmetics market is growing at 15-20% annually, twice as fast as that of the United States and the European markets. According to the analysis the figures given by the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII), the total of Indian beauty and cosmetic markets size currently stands at US$950 million and it is showing growth between 15-20% per annum. The retail beauty and cosmetic market in India is currently estimated at USD 950 million which is pegged at USD 2.68 billion by the year 2020. The market consumption volume is increased by 5.6% in the period 2008-2012 to reach a total of 88.6 million units in 2012. The markets volume is expected to rise to 109.6 million units
CHAPTER-2 INDUSTRY & COMPANY PROFILE INDUSTRY PROFILE Indian retail scenario The retail scenario is one of the fastest growing industries in India over the last couple of years. India retail industry comprises of organized retail and unorganized retail sector. Traditionally the retail market in India was largely unorganized; however with changing consumer preferences, organized retail is gradually becoming popular. Unorganized retailing consists of small and medium grocery store, medicine stores, sabzi mandi, kirana stores, paan shops etc. More than 90% of retailing in India fall into the unorganized sector, the organized sector is largely concentrated in big cities.
The pattern, however, has undergone significant changes over the past few decades. A large proportion is currently concentrated in six most developed states, namely Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Punjab and West Bengal, accounting for about half of the country 's urban population. This can largely be attributed to colonial inheritance, all these states reporting percentage of urban population much above the national average of 27.8 in 2001. Several studies have shown that the levels of urbanization in the states with high per capita income are generally high, the opposite being the case of less urbanized states (Sivaramakrishna, Kundu and Singh