In the first section of Common Sense, Thomas Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint. His characterization is perhaps best summed up in his own succinct words: “government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.” These words speak measures to his attitude towards the fundamental nature of government—an attitude that shaped a political party in his time that has evolved over time with the core concept relatively intact. For Paine and modern conservatives alike, government is only rendered necessary due to the inadequacies of moral virtue in running a society. To illustrate this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island. When a society develops, it will become necessary for a government to compensate for the eventual defect of moral virtue in individuals.
Utilitarianism is a highly acclaimed theory that is morally based on consequentialism. In essence, consequentialism is the ideology that justifies its action by producing the greater good (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Some may refer to the principle of utility as the greatest happiness principle. Utilitarianism was fully developed by a British philosopher named John Stuart Mill. There are two types of utilitarianism: Act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism.
DBQ - Democracy in Colonial America Essay Democracy was a work in progress with democratic and undemocratic features in colonial America. A democratic feature of Colonial America would be, Control of the abuse of power. Control of the Abuse is where there was just too much power. The governor has the power to administer justice they are trying to keep him from having too much power by limiting the time he can be governor “Doc 3 The fundamental orders of connecticut 3”. Economic Freedom is a undemocratic feature of Colonial America.
Seldom, do groups remain together for centuries and as evident in the text, conflict is bound to happen. He appeals to logos by defining democracy when he states that governments derive their power from the consent of the governed. In a way, this defies the current situation in Great Britain and discusses the offenses Great Britain has committed. In, “…mankind are more disposed..,” he declares that humans prefer to suffer sufferable evils than to abolish those evils they are accustomed to. He expands his purpose by showing an example of human nature and that humans do not like the unknown, even if the unknown may be somewhat positive or beneficial.
Unlike Marx who views Multiculturalism from the theory heading downwards Dalrymple views multiculturalism from the ground going up. His day to day experiences prove that "not all cultural values are compatible or can be reconciled by the enunciation of platitudes." This means that although multiculturalists support the idea that people should embrace different cultures, there are many challenges that make implementation difficult. Dalrymple argues that the idea that we can co-exist in a society whereby the law doesn't favor one culture at the expense of another one is a lie. In short, the author's main argument is that some cultural values will always be superior to others in every society and the idea that all cultural values can be compatible with every ethnic group makes no
Paine suggests that our government, which was created “on the principles of society and the rights of man”, is able to overcome the differences of political and racial beliefs. Though the nation being built upon these differences, the school of thought that “every difficulty retires” can be disproved. To commence, the discordant existence of multiple cultures and religions has been witnessed throughout this country 's history and today. Paine acknowledges that "it would appear that the union of such a people was impracticable" and to some extent it is. Although a majority of people are able to coexist with their neighbors peacefully, it has become presently clear that this is not always the case.
In addition, the winner-take-all system, also known as “unit rule”, while not always necessarily representative of the popular vote, “the electoral college and unit rule provide decisive majorities that lend stability to our presidential election system” (Josephson, Ross 162). This stability compliments the argument that it simply isn’t worth the effort to make any changes to the Electoral College because of the work involved and how functional it is. The Electoral College may not be the most ideal system, but it performs the functions it was designed to do. As said by Alexander Bickel on the
Democracy is often loudly declared to be the correct form of government, but the very principles that it is built from can have tendencies towards less laudable consequences. As Tocqueville examined democracy in America, he attempted to discover the origin of democratic principles and the potential for them to turn sour over time. Such a line of questioning is important to the long-term stability of the democratic system, and Tocqueville discusses many tendencies in democracy that he believes lead towards a degradation of society. He holds that essential characteristics of the democratic character such as equality, liberty, and individualism can also result issues such as majority tyranny, a herd mentality, low asperations, and despotism. He thought that these issues could arise in democracy over time if sufficient measures were not taken against them, and it is worthwhile to consider that what he discovered could someday happen might be already taking
Elected officials generally come from the more advantaged social class, therefore, they are the ones who write, adjudicate and execute the laws. Ergo, in a well-ordered society the less advantaged are able to vote and use their voice to keep the elites in or out of office, however our society doesn’t work this way. The high incumbency rate tells us that elected officials stay in office regardless of the quality of their representation. In addition, our extremely low voter turnout emphasizes the disconnect the American people feel to their elected leaders and the faith they have in the political system. Political parties design gerrymandering to keep the less advantaged from gaining power and a voice in
Government laws are necessary for our communities because if people do not agree with the government, it does not mean government decision are incorrect. In “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau talks about government and points out the flaws in the government system. On the other hand, in “ The Grapes of Wrath,” Steinbeck talk on the birth of civilization from physical and governmental issues. Although, many cases Thoreau and Steinbeck perspectives on government contradicts with each other however they both share similar thoughts about self-government. In contrast, Thoreau begins his essay by criticizing the government system, and he believed that government is ineffective because of the stringent and barbarous laws.
Bipartisanship is crucial to passing effective legislation. When both party disagree with each other gridlock occurs. This gridlock forces both sides to stonewall the other to get a bill passed that is lopped sided favoring one party over the other. Bipartisanship allows all voices to be heard which creates a bill that congress can pass that represents the greater good of the country rather than one party’s constituency. With bipartisanship congress works smoother and is favored by the country with positive rating.
Due process is the fair treatment for all humans using the normal judicial system especially through entitlement by a citizen. The conflict between the parties is weakening the power of our national government because without Congress working together to create laws they are opposing each other. Even though this opposition may weaken us it is one of Congress 's’ implied powers. An implied power is a power that is practically given to the federal government, also known as an elastic clause. Congress’ arguments on gun control is wasting time, while they are arguing over something that may not ever be changed rather that passing new reasonable laws that can strengthen our country.
These are the people that will be easily influenced by the government. If the government claims something and backs it up with a few facts and a whole bunch of lies, chances are, the public will not bother to check up on it and support the government’s claims. That may be okay, but if the Congress doesn’t even read thoroughly everything they are signing off on, who is to say that what they are doing is good for the country or even follows the Constitution? Keeping the public, and sometimes even the Congress, ignorant is a great way to keep them united and at peace. “We know more than we did two weeks ago, but there are still entire government agencies whose names and missions are unknown, and programs so secret that Congress votes to fund them without knowing what they do.” (O’Hehir) With Congress being kept in the dark, the government programs can do whatever they feel is necessary in the name of the Constitution without burdening more people of what they do.
It becomes clear to the reader why these acts of deceit are necessary while Jack Stanton is conversing with Fred Picker. They discuss how the people want a perfect politician, someone who inspires them and can lead the country well. However, people are not perfect in the slightest, the only thing they can do is to have a perfect public image. While this book has shown how many of the candidates are possibly immoral, it also carries hope with it as some people, like Jack Stanton, really want to help the people. However, regardless of the politician 's intentions, the process itself is put into a non-democratic light by Joe
One of the main purposes of elections is to provide citizens with the opportunity to hold their representatives accountable. Those appoint are not obligated to do a good job because they are not faced with reelection. There is no guarantee that the one who is randomly selected for their district represents the ideas of the majority. The power of the general public would diminish because they would not be able to select the voice to represent them. Often we really do elect representatives because we believe they’re good at their jobs.