Pre-Write Topic: The impact of women on political and social reforms Footprint: American Progressive Era, 1880s – 1920s Setting the Scene: The Progressive Era was a time of extensive reformation across the United States. Outline of your arguments supported by evidence: - Social change: New inventions increased jobs creating independence, altering family life and leading to protests on wage, birth control, and workplace regulations. Inventions: Typewriter, Telephone Switch, Automobile Jobs: Office, Field, Factory (participated in the war) Independence: increased money, more freedom (from dependency and oppression) Family life: divorce increased, family size decreased Birth Control: raising a child require a lot of time, energy, and money –
Then the role of women in advertising was limited to humanization. It had become apparent that more frequent appearances of women in various types of advertisements led to the standards of beauty being unattainable; yet, the effect caused on the self-perception of women is often understated.
At the turn of the nineteenth into the twentieth century, the United States was facing exponential progress in urbanization, industrialization, and even social issues. The movements that took place during this time between the 1890s and 1920s led to it becoming known as the Progressive Era. Advancements such as labor worker rights, child rights, and women rights. Unfortunately, not all changes at this time were positive, such as the anti-liquor movement. According to Alan Brinkley in the textbook, The Unfinished Nation, “The prominence of women in reform movements is one of the most striking features of progressivism” (493).
With the help of this, more and more women held permanent positions and received a higher education. Women becoming working mothers and the increase of women with higher educations led to the rise of the women 's rights movement spanning to the middle of the 60’s to the late 80’s. The women’s rights movement disappeared for a short time, but in the mid 60’s, it reemerged. This time period was referred as the modern women’s movement. Feminists believed that women should be equal in social, political, and economic status.
Feminist Barbara Leigh-Smith Bodichon fought for women’s right to own property and change the laws of women’s marriage . Education, many women in early 19th century went to colleges like men. New technology developed in 19th century like telegraphs gave women jobs. Barbara Leigh-Smith Bodichon published Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women in 1854. In this document she talked about all
“We Can Do It!” -- Such are the words that symbolize the spirit of the feminist cause. The modern women’s movement stemming from the post-World War Two era idea of female individuality originates from the first wave feminist movement of the Nineteenth Century, which concerns the suffrage movement and women’s rights. The movement, from its inception to now, aims to confront issues experienced by women, such as the evident discrepancy between the wages of males and females, medical rights, and further issues that women have dealt with. Albeit being a movement with an honest pursuit, its critics have subjected it to scrutiny and have even considered it to have lost sight of its own politics. Its opponents have even suggested that feminist rhetoric condemns the opposite sex to the extent of gender antagonism (Young).
Under the Japanese colonization, the desire for women’s education was strengthened and more and more women were educated. These educated group of women during 1920s called ‘New women’ or a ‘Flappers’ and they continued to fight for women’s rights. New women 's movement challenged to the ethical system of patriarchy, which had been suppressed the women, based on liberalism emancipating human being in the traditional norm. New women 's movement couldn 't achieve the massive bases on development because of the colonial situation of that period, while it was faithful to the idea of women 's liberation. New women 's movement showed the growing of women 's self-consciousness through the education and the challenges to the patriarchal ideology was surely the progress of women 's movement.
FEMINISM MOVEMENT IN INDIA PRE-INDEPENDENCE The women’s movement in India is a rich and vibrant movement which has taken in different parts of the country in different forms. The nineteenth century social reformers were primarily concerning with the issues that affected the urban, upper caste, middle class women such as purdah, sati, education, age of marriage and widow remarriage. They had argued that the uplift of women was necessary in the country because women are the mothers of future generations. In which the women were urged to come out from their house and work for the betterment of the nation. And there was no questioning of the traditional role of mother and wife.
How can public opinion change? How to reach masses of people? Simply, through social movements which have the same magnitude. Social movements are seen as processes, which can change policy. So, feminism, which is one of the biggest social movements around the world, can change public opinion.
Over the past 40 years defenders of women’s right have worked hard to assure growth of women's careers, trying to contest what is attribute as ‘the glass ceiling’ which is the invisible barriers that control woman from rising to top positions in corporate context. From the mid-90s European Government firms and private and public organizations have pursued a suit, bringing the recruitment of women at the upper levels of companies. The increasing prominence of leaders like Carly Fiorina, Hillary Clinton, and Condoleezza Rice accentuate the development in gender roles over the last half century. In the first paragraph I will discuss what do you need to be a successful leader and also about how women rises in organizational structures and practices,