Existentialism became a well-known philosophical movement by the works of two French writers, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. Soren Kierkegaard is universally considered to be the first existentialist philosopher but the movement became prominent due to the efforts of two French writers Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), a French existential philosopher, a prominent novelist and playwright is considered to be the father of Existentialist philosophy. His trilogy No Exit, Nausea, and the Roads to Freedom contribute greatly to the philosophy of existentialism. The central theme of existentialism is freedom of the individual.
Through the use of diction, Meursault perceives life is meaningless, which leads him to have the absence of strong bonding with acquaintance around him. He indicates that he lacks empathy from personal and social level. Meursault is a simple man who lives his life in a stickler type and changes annoy him. As the novel introduces Meursault mother being dead, he shows lack of concern and a burden to visit his mother for the last time. “Maman died today...I don’t know … everything will have a more official feel” (Camus 3).
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTENTIALISM 1. Essence to be kept after Existence The term existentialism comes out of the description that it is only a person’s being along with his personal and specific life happenings for which this life has got a meaning. Existentialism claims that a person exists or lives, rather than having essence, that each and every individual experiences life from a different perspective and their lives are only understandable with the view of their responsibilities and commitments. “Who am I?” is the most common question asked by of the existentialists. This question is rather more unique as well as mysterious which emphasizes the personal life of an individual instead of the impersonal side.
When considered, one is faced to stand in judgment of his or her own faith and preconceived notions regarding human destiny and purpose. Existentialism sought to explore that which could be known. This for many was enough. Yet others found its principals incomplete. As the existentialist says “human beings cannot be understood as entities with fixed characteristics or as subjects interacting with a world of objects” [ CITATION Sch17 l 1033 ].
Absurdism is the belief in that all human beings exist in a purposeless, riotous universe. Inside The Stranger, by Albert Camus, Camus centers to a great extent around persuading his readers of the idea of absurdism. The novel is depicted in the first person of the character Meursault from the time his mom dies to his trial for killing an Arab man. These occasions portray how human life must be comprehended by tolerating the reality of death. Camus effectively persuades his readers on his thoughts of absurdism and shows how understanding/confronting death influences one's view of life.
Yours sincerely.” That does not mean anything. It may have been yesterday” (Camus 9). These are the starting line of the Stranger and it has a great impact on Meursault throughout the novel, which symbolizes the beginning, middle, and end of the novel, they are in the manner with his behavior towards life and how he sees the world in a different view than everybody else, Meursault is detached from his mother’s death, he does not show that he is hurt by it at all, he does not care about his personal issues. Instead, he cares about the unchanged world he is living in. Mother is very important to our lives, being a mother is an important role.
Introduction Hook- Absurdism is seen as the confrontation of the individual with the natural world and society. Albert Camus thought there were three solutions to absurdism, which were physical suicide, philosophical suicide, and acceptance. Bridge- Philosophical suicide is seen as a leap of faith, a sort of giving in. If death is looked at in those terms than a philosophical murder should be similar to its suicidal counterpart. Therefor philosophical murder should be a giving in or leap of faith at which a person gives up on another and believes that it what was meant to be.
During the 20th century, existentialism—a philosophical theory where people have total control of their lives—became prevalent due to World War I and World War II. Philosophers such as Jean Paul Sartre or Søren Kierkegaard are considered the fathers of existentialism, writing their thoughts through famous literary works. A former existentialist, Friedrich Nietzsche founded nihilism which states that humans are all insignificant in the universe therefore making everyone 's lives meaningless. Although nihilism may seem true, Albert Camus--a French philosopher--creates a philosophical theory called Absurdism, a doctrine that states that people should accept the universe as absurd and try to create meaning in their lives. In his famous literary work The Stranger, Camus incorporates and portrays absurdism through Meursault—an Algerian absurdist.
While recalling his Saturday beach adventure with Marie, Meursault included his thoughts on how he “wanted her so bad when [he] saw her in that pretty red-and-white striped dress,” and how he “could make out the shape of her firm breasts” (Camus 34). This was an insignificant detail that most would not include when summarizing their previous day. However, Meursault was unable to see past the surface and was most interested in the physical world. His Existentialist perspective caused him to objectify women and disregard their personalities. Meursault never commented on Marie’s attractive emotional habits, as could be seen once more during his trial.
In The Stranger by Albert Camus, the main character, Meursault, struggles to conform to the societal norms that are expected of him due to him being an absurdist. Absurdism is based on the idea that the universe has no order or meaning and that humanity’s search for meaning to the universe is fundamentally futile. As an absurdist, Meursault views society’s standards and rules as unnecessary and pointless and because of this belief, he does not grieve after losing his mother because he feels it to be unnecessary. His lack of grief, however, contrasts with his neighbor, Salamano’s, intense grief after losing his dog on the street despite having a poor and relationship with his dog. Salamano’s grief represents the societal norms of grieving, and