Professor Girard claims that Emerson is not transcendentalist and he brings some reasons to admit this idea. He says that because Emerson had no system who was more poet than philosopher. He asserts that due to Emerson rationalism, he did not allow reason to come up and many more reasons. This animosity shows itself when Emerson in one of his interview mentioned �they are not good citizen�� Girard believes that transcendentalism has religious aspects but he cannot deny that transcendentalism has philosophical aspects as well. He says England has two distinct phase in which first one is up to 1835 and then the second phase started.
‘Will I survive?’, ‘Am I the same person?’, ‘Will there be some person alive who is the same person as me?’ (Parfit, 1971, p.9) these are all questions that must be answered in order to determine ones survival or future responsible actions. Parfit, however, argues that these beliefs are false or mistaken as such. He has three fundamental arguments; 1. He rejects both the physical and soul theories of the self. 2.
Philosophy does not have complete answers, which makes some folks frustrated (Russell, 14). Human beings want conclusions. If someone questions something and another person questions the same thing, but they both come up with a different solution to that same questions, they want to find out who is right. It is in human nature to want to know the truth. People almost always believe that the truth is the right answer.
He says that many people must mask their thinking. However, this goes back to what is said earlier, and how philosophies are either based in prejudice or can be a mask to disguise their true thinking. In “We Scholars,” Nietzsche claims that most philosophers are only mediocre, and that unless they truly create new ideas they have not done anything special. He claims that most philosophers have taken the easy way out and have not made any distinct findings, and that the only way to become a true philosopher, thinking must be difficult and the philosopher seeks new answers constantly. With this, Nietzsche claims that this is difficult and many people just do not have the will power to be thinking in this
Many religious philosophers have observed that the act of taking a human life is not only a wrong to the individual but to the humanity as a whole, irrespective of the circumstances. The views of the religious philosophers can be accepted to a point, but they fail to explain how does a person suffering from acute pain without having any hope of recovery is jilted of any ineffaceable right to opt out of their crestfallen
The same article goes more in detail explaining how this system is impractical, “Why aren’t abstinence-only programs working for US teens? First, they are simply impractical. In the 21st century, age at puberty has decreased and age at marriage has increased, creating a greater gap between sexual maturity and marriage than ever before (Weaver et al., 2005). In Western countries, sex before marriage has become the norm, and it is statistically less normal for a woman to be a virgin at marriage than a non-virgin (Weaver et al., 2005). In the US specifically, teens begin having sex at an average of 16.3 years of age (Weaver et al., 2005).
In Hermann Hesse’s novel Siddhartha, Siddhartha goes through a spiritual journey, going through many challenges, making many mistakes, and eventually reaches enlightenment. Knowing what he learned on his journey, Siddhartha would disagree with atheism and thus the “Good without a god” campaign because he does not agree with atheism and believes making mistakes and doing bad things is a necessary part of life. Siddhartha would not agree with a secular point of view because his beliefs mostly resemble pantheistic beliefs, or someone who believes god is everything. Humanists beliefs say there is no god, creator, or supernatural being of any kind, but that we should all be good people. Darwin the Dog, from the “Kids without god” website says he, a humanist,”Doesn 't believe in any of the gods” (Kids Without God, Darwin the Dog).
They have also maintained that the universal moral law can be understood by reason. Countering this position, the Sophists have argued that the moral laws are created by man based on circumstances and they have no independent objective existence. They vary from time to time and place to place and even from individual to individual. The Sophists are credited for bringing philosophy down from heaven to the dwellings of men. Philosophers before them were preoccupied with the natural world, its workings, its essence etc.
Iraneaus debated that Gnostics are those who are spiritual with growing knowledge of God, lack the true faith because Gnostics deny the “Incarnation and bodily Resurrection of Christ,” [p. 182]. Iraneus described in p. 4 of Selections that believers should mirror Christ 's
Penn Jillette wrote the essay “there is no God”. The essay theme principal is atheism. The author think believing there is no God, make people more kind and thoughtful. He believes no God means people will suffer less in the future. The author thinks when people suffer; they said it is god will and they do nothing about it.
Henry approaches religion from an anti-authoritarian perspective and instead focuses on living as a non-conformist. Henry even suggests at one point that God may be an atheist, saying, “I often wondered, Deacon Ball, if atheism might even be popular with God himself” (19). While Henry is not rejecting religion with this statement, he is trying to convey that blindly following anything without stopping and questioning yourself is no way to achieve true intelligence – and that God himself disregards those who lack self-actualization. As Emerson’s maxim emphasizes as well, Henry is trying to push society to realize that the only way to achieve “integrity of the mind” is not the way people are blindly following the thoughts of others, but to boldly question authority, not just sit around and wait until you innately realize the truth about society’s conformist nature. Henry states, “We are all related … interrelated to an Universal Mind” (19) and reflects the maxim’s intended meaning, since Emerson intended originality and those who achieve a relation to the “Universal Mind” can fully achieve their potential as true
In my opinion when Nietzsche speaks of God being dead, he is stating that the people of his time could no longer believe in a supernatural creator who judges the world. We would use this figure of God to decide our lives for us and that to Nietzsche would be the opposite of living a life of authenticity. Instead we must abandon the idea of a God morality and come up with a human morality, that enable us to be capable of making ethical choices. This God figure had always been the basis for humanity’s ethical beliefs but with a cultural shift into rationalism and science, people have abandoned the idea that a God is the only way for them to determine right from wrong. Nietzsche wanted people of his time to move past the image of an all-knowing
Fear and guilt are both Attilas and the Witch-Doctors methods of asserting dominance, for Ayn Rand, rationality can’t flourish when someone is vulnerable to fear and guilt. For Rand, religions such as Christianity also inhibit people from reaching their full reasoning capabilities as they force people to believe that they should live a life of submission and inferiority. Rand doesn’t agree with the idea that other philosophers have proposed in the past that reason and freedom have already failed and that we should rely on faith (Rand,