Deterministic Theory Of Human Nature

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Throughout history, philosophers have questioned about human nature. Are humans originally good? Are we evil by nature? Are humans born in a blank state, tabula rasa as John Lock referred to it? Many theories have been produced that try to explain human behavior. Those theories can be categorized under two main ideologies: determinism, and existentialism. Determinism is the idea that humans do not have free-well, and that all their decisions are determined either by the nature of human species or by the nurturing humans receive from the environment. The first type of deterministic theories argue in favor of human nature; namely, humans are predetermined by their genetics and natural evolution to act in a certain way. These theories tend to…show more content…
The advocates of such theories claim that humans are born in a blank state, then they are filled with knowledge, beliefs, and nutrition upon which their future decisions will be based. In other words, we are the products of our environments. On the other hand, existentialism proposes that humans have complete free-well, and thus human behavior cannot be expected at any point. Like nurture theories, existentialism claims that we are born in a tabula rasa state as well, but in contrast it asserts that it is up to humans to decide the essence of their being. Based on those conflicting notions about human behavior, there has never been a grand theory that could fully explain the past behavior and precisely expect the future behavior of humans. Consequently, three major theories about international relations were born: realism, liberalism, and constructivism. I believe that each theory has some validity to a certain extent about collective human behavior; however, I think realism is the closest theory that best describes human behavior on the global…show more content…
First, a flourishing economy can never exist without security and protection from a higher authority. Only a strong state with a strong military can stop the aggression of some humans on the rights of others. Jared Diamond in his famous book, Guns, Germs, and Steel, argues that the strong militaries with advanced weapons were among the main factors that enabled the Europeans to dominate most of the world during the imperial era. Moreover, military power will not only protect economies but will allow them to flourish either by violent or non-violent means. For example, the European imperial powers enriched their economies through the extraction of raw resources from the colonies and then selling them in the origin country and the colonies’ markets as well. A more specific example is the British East India Company that had its own army to help protect and market their goods in India. Second, military power comes before ideological power for two reasons. Unfamiliar ideologies have been suppressed and killed either by oppressive governments or by the common society that usually resist any change in the status quo. This has been the norm throughout history and is still the norm in many countries today. The last century allowed a relative free sharing of ideas and opinions, however. Accordingly, most of today’s ideologies, including
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