Every person does need to know where he wants to go and what he wants to achieve before being able to achieve anything in business and life (Latham & Frayne 1989). The trainer needs to support the trainee in finding its purpose and goal which needs to come from the inside of a person. Problems may occur if a person decides to perform or to do something because of external reasons as in this case the powerful intrinsic motivation that is so vital for achievement in business and life may be missing. By finding one´s purpose in business a certain degree of imagination may be required as one needs to imagine himself doing something what he passionately loves and enjoys doing. It might be relatively easy to develop and improve upon the success oriented traits such as persistence, organized planning, decision making, specialized knowledge etc.
Research shows that motivated employees tend to display more positive work attitudes than employees who are not motivated. Therefore it is important that organizations identify these factors that affect employee motivation. The first section analyses the summary of purpose, rationale and related literature of this study. The
Motivation to me is any act or deed that encourages me to do more especially in a situation that looks difficult or tiring. Motivation is a word or gift that makes me feel appreciated and makes me want to do more to please who ever. Motivation to me in my organization is good working environment, good interpersonal relationship between myself and my superiors as well as my subordinates. Being appreciated by my colleagues and customers motivates me, also knowing that at the end of the day someone somewhere is happy and comfortable also motivates me and obviously a good salary. The first theory which practically motivates me and my colleagues is the Hawthorne effect, it was originally reported by Henry A. Landsberger in 1950 who became aware
The concept of employee motivation is one of modern times. In previous years, people in management positions had one end goal - increase profits. The greater the profits their company was making the better they were doing their job. To achieve greater profits, they focused on improving many aspects of the business. The majority of managers would focus on efficiency and productivity in particular.
When a person has a motive directly they will motivated. Motivation is the internal process that initiate, guide and makes a person move toward a goal. Motivation also define as “the reasons underlying behavior” (Guay et al., 2010, p. 712). Motivation is often used to explain why people do something. Like intelligence, motivation can only be evaluated by observing the behavior.
Motivation is an interesting, challenging, and complex area of Human Resource Management studies which is rapidly changing both in terms of its nature, understanding, functions, purpose, as well as mode of application. It is generally agreed that managers need employees to work with. These employees do not only have to show up at work but more importantly they need to be motivated to perform their duties. Motivation can be defined as a driving force which leads people to want to act, perform, or do something without pressure or undue manipulation. In his famous book, Punished by Rewards, Alfie Kohn (1993)argued that rewards are not necessary for employee motivation.
What makes workers in an organisation motivated to perform their best and what discourages the same workers in other circumstances ? "Motivation is a theoretical construct, used to explain behavior . It is the scientific word used to represent the reasons for our actions, our desires, our needs, etc. Motives are hypothetical constructs, used to explain why people do what they do. A motive is what prompts a person to act in a certain way or at least develop an inclination for specific
All these needs can be classified as achievement, affiliation or power. These motivational concepts lay emphasis on two concepts which are motive and the force of motive on employee behaviours within an organization. Motive is a characteristic of personality which tends to develop as personality emerges. The personal motives are frequently influenced by the hierarchy or higher position the employee intends to occupy within the organization and that motive will have a greater effect on the employee’s behaviour (Tosi et al, 2000, 137). Basically employees with high need for power are easily manipulated and controlled.
It is also believed that motivation should not be understood as behaviour’s sole illustration. To make use of salaries as a key motivator successfully, managers should consider some key components of a salary framework. Akintoye claims that money remains the most vital motivational strategy. Money enjoys critical motivating power in as much as it stands for intangible goals such as security, prestige, success, power, and a feeling of