Through reality the aspects self knowledge and development in human nature is found through the works of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Kant’s Lecture on Friendship, when striving for the knowledge of what contributes to friendship. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, reflects what causes human action, by what they need to fulfill in their lives. In nature, everyone has their own goals of how to see reality. Aristotle defines ethics by everything having a specific nature, and the goal of humans striving for
When each person cares about the other, they need not focus on themselves, because they know their friend will have their back. Seeing this mutual care and trust in a friendship often shows the successfulness of a friendship. Caring a lot for someone else sets apart good friendships from great
“Every skill and every inquiry, and similarly every action and rational choice, is thought to aim at some good; and so the good has been aptly described as that which everything aims. But it is clear that there is some difference between ends: some ends are activities, while others are products which are additional to the activities. In cases where there are ends additional to the actions, the products are by their nature better than activities.” (Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, as translated by Crisp, 2000, p. #3) Aristotle was the first philosopher who wrote a book on ethics titled, Nichomachean Ethics. The quote above is the opening statement of this book. It is saying that in all that man does, he/she seeks some good as ends or means.
Explain the theory of Natural Law Natural Law is a moral theory created in Ancient Greece by renowned philosopher Aristotle. He believed that human beings can determine the actions to be taken when in a moral situation. This is described as Natural Law. Aristotle defined this as a law written from within nature that enables humans to dictate the actions taken during a question of morality. He believed that if these laws were correctly followed, it would lead to eudaimonia, a sense of purpose, fulfillment.
Nicomachean Ethics and Function Argument In the first book of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle’s informs the reader what Eudaimonia, or living well, is. The purpose of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, is to discover the human good. For Aristotle, the way to figure out a human being’s good, we have to identify what the function of a human being is. Throughout Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle claims that human function is rational activity and reason. Aristotle’s quest to determine what Eudaimonia, which can be translated to happiness and success, is in the Nicomachean Ethics and leads him to the question of the function of human beings.
Among those three there is one form of friendship that is best, and that is the friendship based on good. According to Aristotle, the friendship based on a moral good is a perfect form of friendship that is enduring. However, his logic is highly based on assumption. These assumptions are not objective. Aristotle 's views may be seen as useful and logical, but they are influenced by too many subjective mental constructs, and that fact takes a good deal of credibility from his argument.
The main principle of utilitarianism is happiness. People who follow this theory strive to fulfill the “ultimate good”. The “ultimate good” is defined as ultimate pleasure with out any pain. It is said that the pleasure can be of any quantity and any quality, but pleasures that are weighted more important are put at a higher level than others that are below it. This ethical theory also states that if society would fully embrace utilitarianism then people would naturally realize their moral standing in the
The cheery feelings of an individual would have a peace of mind during meditation of having pleasant thoughts about a memory or a thought. There would be a sensory of pleasure or pain of feeling and happiness is a feeling of pleasure (Feldman, P4). The life of a person life would balance in what happiness has occurred in the time a person would have thoughts about sadden to experience
So according to Plato, “knowledge” and “virtue” are corollary meaning that as long as one exists the other will follow. He says that as long as you are aware of the truth and you know what the good is, it automatically means you will do the good. We all have the capacity to see the truth and the “eidos” of the good but it needs to be developed. Once it is developed that means it is logical that you will automatically do what
Aristotle insisted that the order of priority may decide whether one’s goal should be considered as a means or the goal itself. In other word, a goal with lower priority can be a method to achieve a goal with higher priority. In Aristotle’s viewpoint, happiness means the supreme good among other virtues, being the ultimate goal that human-beings pursue. Hence happiness cannot be an optional