My personal value system derives from the influence of my family members who taught me the honorable way to treat all human beings. Which is to show respect and value for them as fellow human beings. For example, my family members taught me to respectful towards my elders by saying yes ma’am and no sir when appropriate. Another example was when adults were talking, I was to listen and not interrupt them because this was viewed as disrespectful behavior. I always made sure to show them respect and never talk back especially in any disrespectful way.
The idea of virtue ethics was first introduced to the world by Aristotle over 2,300 years ago in 325 BC (Rachels 173). Virtue ethics operate on the belief that people develop good character by looking at the virtues they admire in other people and emulating them. In order to do this, a person must ask themselves what kind of person they want to be and focus on choosing characteristics not specific people to emulate. Unfortunately, virtue ethics were quickly overshadowed by other perspectives on ethical theory as Christianity gained popularity and values changed. As time went on people stopped asking themselves, “What traits make a good person?” and instead asked, “What is the right thing to do?” (Rachels 174).
Not only does personal ethics guide human behavior but also social ethics (Shaw, 2002). As social animals, collective knowledge possessed by the community influence the moral values one adheres to, for example, culture, religious beliefs and the law. Therefore, an action is ethical when it satisfies the standards of personal ethics and social ethics. The process of ethical decision-making involves information acquisition,
They are a powerful instrument , which influence your life without knowing ,even if you’re now aware of their existence. Personal values are those that influence our decisions in life . They are our standards which defines each of us , for leaving according them and also influence our attitude and our behavior. Also them are the ones which shapes our uniqueness and our authenticity. The most important characteristic of personal values is the relevance.
Since social workers work with a variety of populations, they experience some dilemmas during delivering their services to clients, hence the need for ethical conduct. According to Barker (2003) an ethical dilemma refers to a situation that occurs when two or more moral values seem to be equally legal but contradictory and the practitioner is required to make the best possible choice from among them. So it is important to have ethics that will help in taking ethical decisions. Barker (2003) defines ethics as a system of moral principles and perceptions about right versus wrong and the resulting philosophy of conduct that is practiced by a
These standards of behaviors are set by government, professional bodies, organizations and community groups. This is mainly because theses societies are in some part of the world valued. Being ethical gives you a source of motivation that provides a sense of satisfaction. When you feel like you are making a valuable contribution to the happiness and the wellbeing of others. This creates an emotional high which can attribute to them doing a good job.
Although researchers do not agree on whether personal values transcend specific situations or not (Paciello et al., 2013a; Simpson & Willer, 2008; Darley & Batson, 1973), most researchers, however, agree that personal values are motive determinants of behavior (Paciello et al., 2013b; Paciello et al., 2013a). Personal values are acquired through individual development and provide a framework of general criteria used to evaluate a specific situation and act accordingly (Boer & Fischer, 2013; Paciello et al., 2013a). This evaluation is driven by our desire to behave consistently with our personal values (Bandura Barbaranelli, Caprara & Pastorelli, 1996). Consequently, this desire for consistency underlies the link between personal values and moral agency (Bandura et al., 1996; Hardy et al. 2015 ).
Peer pressure was defined as “when people your own age encourage you to do something or to keep from doing something else, no matter if you personally want to or not” (Brown, 1986). The highlight of this definition is that people with same age are actively empowering and encouraging them to do something. However, Brown and his colleagues (Brown et al., 1986) differentiated peer pressure from peer conformity. For Brown and his colleagues, peer pressure represents an demeanor or perception, whereas peer conformity represents a behavioral disposition. Peer conformity evaluates whether or not individuals receive a course of action authorized by their peer
Understanding and awareness of ethical issues have been referred to in various studies as one of the attributes of an ethical leader [3, 20, 22, 33, 34]. Furthermore, the ability to differentiate between ethical and unethical cases has also been confirmed in other studies as part of ethical sensitivity [4, 5, 7, 35, 36]. Kim et al. believe ethical sensitivity requires insight, intuition, and moral knowing, and an ability to identify moral issues in various situations. On the other hand, participants believed that ethical leaders adhere to ethical principles and values such as honesty, confidentiality and justice.
Explain the role self-concept plays in ethical communication. The role in ethical communication, with the comparison self to one peer and surroundings, will help determine how the interaction goes. Self- concept plays a major role in the ethical communication. Self-concept determines how to compare yourself to others which determine how one interacts with them. Self- concepts play a major role in ethical communication.