Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C. Before the Peloponnesian War, there was a man by the name of Draco. Draco gave the people of Athens a law code of which citizens had to listen to. He gave political rights to the rich and the lower class farmers would be stuck with debts that they owed to the wealthy. The Athenians needed a way to solve the problem, so they called open aristocrat by the name of Solon.
Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
These motives were taken gravely as this purpose was drilled to the girls minds as they learn these skill at school much like the boys. Another example is that every Spartan girl at age eighteen would have to take a strength test. If they pass, they are set up to get married, but if they fail, they were not allowed to marry and lose their civilian’s rights. This shows that Spartan women roles were taken seriously that they would take a test where their life and rights would be at stake. Thus, women roles played a big part in Spartan
The answers given may be; a society where everyone votes, or by dictionary definition “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of the state; typically through elected representation.” However when analyzing the etymology of the word democracy we come to find out that demos means the people and kratia means rule or power in greek. As stated in the article “The Problem with Democracy Today,” contrary to other political institutions who holds the power is not clearly stated “if the regime is a
Democracy, a noun that means the society is governed by the people, a system of voting, and majority rules. In ancient Greece, demokratia, otherwise known as democracy can be battered down into demo, and kratia. Demo, meaning the people, and kratia meaning the power or rule. Together it means rule by the people. The purpose of this essay is to prove that ancient Greece wasn’t truly democratic.
Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars. This allowed for Sparta to forget about their state, and go on the offensive. Another example that ties this conflict together is the aspect that Athens a democracy could elect such ignorant leaders who only care about their own glory. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
Neither Athens or Sparta give women or slaves equal participation in their government and were not considered to be free. Both had a strong military and engaged all of its citizens in war. Both governments were formed by wealth status with the richest members of their populations holding highest political offices. Differences between Athen's and Sparta's Government structures Athen's government structure was considered to be a democracy. Spartan's government structure was considered to be an oligarchy.
“When the people fear their government there is tyranny:When the government fears the people there is liberty”. This quote by Thomas Jefferson best describes the vision our Founding Fathers had for our country. This way of thinking led them to write the Declaration of Independence in protest of King George III tyrannical government. Our Forefathers borrowed from the teaching of an ancient Greek philosopher named Plato and his student Aristotle. They believed that a tyrannical form of government was the least likely to prevail because one person that has all of the power is more susceptible to making mistakes and abusing power.
Agamemnon knew that if they beat Troy, then he would control a major passage of trade which would make him the undisputed ruler of all of Greece. But, while all the kings gathered in Greece, the gods would not send a fair wind for the ships to sail. Agamemnon said, “Give me a fair wind and a hope of glory if it will cost me my kingdom and my life.” He is then told by the Greek prophet, Calchas, that the king would have to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia at the temple of Artemis in order to sail. Agamemnon was shocked, and refrained from doing anything. Yet, when the days grew long and the kings began to blame Agamemnon, he feared the kings would leave.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote. This group of people only included white male citizens, meaning that slaves, foreign born residents, women and some men who hadn’t obtained citizenship couldn’t vote (Doc D).
The Thebans soon revolted after his assassination, it was then when his son Alexander the Great who quickly took control of the throne and halted the Thebans revolt, burning their city Thebes to the ground. Alexander then looked at the rest of the world and only two years later did he cross Hellespont into Asia and defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Issus. This victory further pushed King Philip’s plan to get revenge on the Persians for their acts in the Peloponnesian Wars and to also take control of Asia. By the time it was 332 BC Alexander had conquered Egypt and found the city of Alexandria which he named after himself. Alexander then went to Mesopotamia where he, once again, defeated Darius III.
Pericles started his political journey in Athens in the courts. His archrival Cimon, Cimon is an aristocrat who has been accused of betraying Athens. Pericles believed that Cimon had betrayed Athens. From then on Pericles had devoted his time and efforts to prosecute and ostracize Cimon. This action shows that Pericles is not afraid to go after and get rid of the people who try to harm this great city of Athens.
Indeed, Athens is the first democracy in action, but the city-state exemplifies democracy’s faults rather than its merits. For example, the demagogues Thucydides presents in his History of the Peloponnesian War will hijacked and bend the system to their own selfish needs. Furthermore, humans naturally act towards selfish and barbaric interests and are unfit to rule themselves as demonstrated in natural lawless states such as the Plagued Athens or the Corcyrean Civil War. Lastly, as a state grows in power and becomes more imperialistic, the themes of empire and democracy become incompatible and the state must choose between maintaining an empire or an ideal democracy. Theses weaknesses dispel the flawless ideal that surround democracy and show
Worldviews and Civilizations 17 March 2016 Sparta and Athens Sparta and Athens were both exceptionally powerful and influential city states in Ancient Greece and were bitter rivals during the Peloponnesian War. Although Sparta and Athens were geographically close to one another other, they evidently shared major different lifestyles, cultural values, and systems of government. Spartan life was focused mainly on war, and their ultixsmate goal was to create a strong military. Their culture really focused on militaristic values. In Sparta, military training was required for all males, and Spartan boys trained rigorously from a young age.