“The accumulation of all powers..in the same hands, whether of one or many (is) the very definition of tyranny.” (James Madison, Federalist Paper #47, 1788) ( Background Essay) This quote explains the reasoning for one of the framers, (B) Separation of Powers. The framers of the constitution were created to prevent tyranny and create a stronger government that would hold the nation together. Tyranny ultimately means harsh, absolute power in the hands of one individual-- like a king or dictator. The constitution guarded against tyranny in 4 ways: (A)Federalism, (B)Separation of Powers, (C)Checks & Balances, and (D)Small State-Large State. First of all, Federalism in the constitution helps guard against tyranny.“The different governments will
The Harrison Narcotic Act was proposed to Congress by Dr. Hamilton Wright. This particular Act was not made to criminalize the use of any drug. However, it was considered a tax law because there was a tax imposed on individuals that made or sold narcotics. Suppliers had the responsibility of registering with the Bureau of International Revenue once a year along with paying a one-dollar fee. Since medical professionals prescribed narcotics, they also had to register and pay the fee annually or they would be punished.
This is evident in document A, where it shows you a Venn diagram of which powers are given to the states and which powers are given to the federal government. For one thing, this shows how “a double security arises to the rights of the people”, which means that when the power is distributed between the states and the federal government, neither is able to gain absolute power over the country. Federalism also comes in handy by specifying what the states get to control and what the national government gets to control, which is meant to prevent conflict between the two powers. For example, the task of declaring war is meant for the national government only. If that wasn’t specified, there would likely be a lot of cases where states declared war, and the national government had to clean up the mess.
Benjamin Franklin presents clear reasons why the colonies are declaring independence, including a cause-and-effect explanation and specific offenses for evidence. His cause is that the British government is not doing a professional job. The effect of this is that they need to secede and develop their own nation. "from the consent of the governed,’ those people with unalienable Rights to Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness [...] whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government" (Declaration of Independence). In this draft Franklin shows how the British government has wronged the people and not met their standards.
The Court has also invalidated state laws under the so-called “dormant foreign commerce clause.” The Constitution provides that the “Congress shall have Power . . . To regulate commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes.” The courts have found that this provision not only grants “positive” power to Congress but also imposes “negative” limits upon the states. Obviously the foreign commerce clause does not prohibit every state law that has any effect on foreign commerce.
United States history is consumed with movements to create a change in society. The inception of the United State was sparked by a movement to incite change. When the country was still just the Thirteen Colonies, Britain was overstepping boundaries and taking advantage of the colonies. After passing a number of taxes, on top of other abuses, the colonies had enough and began to work together against Britain. Together a group of colonist created the Declaration of Independence, pronouncing our separation from Britain sovereignty.
The Articles of Confederation was one of the first official documents of the United States. From the beginning of the American Revolution, Congress felt the need for a stronger union and a government powerful enough to defeat Great Britain. During the early years of the war this desire became a belief that the new nation must have a constitutional order appropriate to its republican character. However, after a few short years the Articles were replaced by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The Articles were a stepping stone which led to the Constitution however the Articles contained more weaknesses than strengths which forced the colonists to get rid of them and create a new document.
Nowadays some politicians believe that The Bill of Rights is a living document that can be changed or manipulated to “better fit” the era that we live in. The Federalists felt it was necessary to rush in a document to serve as a backbone for the nation. The Anti-Federalists felt that the government was too new and inexperienced to form a dependable set of laws. They believed that rushing
Every person would have to clean up a certain amount of pollution every week. If a person doesn’t clean up pollution, they’ll get two warnings, then after that they’ll get punished based on how long they’ve been refusing to clean up the pollution. With everyone cleaning up a certain amount of pollution every day, eventually we would get to a point where there is little pollution. Eventually, landfills would become unnecessary due to the decline in pollution. A famous poet once said “when the whole world works together we achieve more than when we work individually.” In this case, the quote is true because by working together, we can get rid of pollution.
Like the European Union, their central government has no real power, just show what is their opinion and what they want after the debate in the Union. The third one is the federal system, which means that both central government and state government have authority to control the citizens. The central government has authority to govern the things in the necessary and proper clause, which means that he can manage all the necessary things. In addition, central government has power to control the power what is not inherent in the constitution like the wagging war or the acquiring territory. However, state governments also have power, which is called the police power.
Preserving Liberty and Combating Tyranny “Liberty is to faction, what air is to fire, an aliment, without which it instantly expires,” once stated by James Madison in federalist paper 10. In this paper, Madison explains how factions are bad for a democracy because they take away the rights of minorities. However, expresses several solutions to form a “large republic.” Madison also writes Federalist paper 51 that explains the structure of separations of powers and checks and balances. He does this to prove that liberty is possible and that each branch should be able to rely on one another to execute the function of the government. However, do these Federalist papers protect liberty and combat tyranny?
All of this ensures that individual states maintain their independence and responsibilities. Clause 2 States cannot charge tariffs on imported or exported goods from different states to raise revenue and regulate commerce, unless there is approval by Congress. Clause 3 States can’t create an army, or keep warships during peace, nor can they engage in war unless there is invasive danger or unless Congress
So why do some politicians want to completely shut down the EPA? Often, it has little to do with disdain for the environment, and more to do with state’s rights. The Tenth Amendment of the Constitution states “the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people” (The). Most of the people want to abolish the EPA because they feel it is an agency of big government, and believe that the power of the EPA should be returned to the states. Take Bill Johnson for example.
Some of these values included the states verses national power, one of the biggest debates in the convention. Furthermore, they were creating a completely new government from scratch. They had to figure out how much power each person, state, and the national government would have. In addition, they had to create completely new government with all of the new laws and regulation that went with it. With all of these decision to be made, there was bound to be contention.
In Document A, it is clearly stated that James Madison, a main contributor to the Constitution, wanted “[a] compound republic of America” to provide a “double security” for our rights. As both central and state governments in the compound republic have different functions, this helps keep our states in a union while letting the states stay independent. In other words, Madison wanted federalism in our country. Because both state and local governments check each other due to their separate