Explain Plato's Concept Of Happiness

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The search for happiness has long been the topic of many researches and discussions. As a result, the definition of happiness varies from person to person and Plato was of no exception from this. He chose to dedicate his life into increasing the awareness of man’s way of living. In this regard, he believed that happiness is found when justice is present in the life of an individual. Justice, as defined in the dictionary is behaving according to what is right and fair. However, Plato goes even beyond this definition. He understood justice as a special sort of balance and harmony of the soul. Harmony is attained through the satisfaction of the desires and fulfillment of the three components of the soul, which are reason, spirit, and appetite. Reason is the desire for knowledge and orderliness. Spirit is the desire for self-defense and self-worth. Appetite is the desire for worldly and material possessions. Apart from the satisfaction in fulfilling each desire, they also have a certain role to play in order to maintain balance. The role of reason is to govern the spirit and appetite in order to set a perimeter for these two desires. Primarily because, too much of spirit or appetite can lead to absurdity and illogicality, thus leading to a change of character. The control of reason forms wisdom and rationality to the individual, which even when desire and passion is evident, reason tames it to constitute temperance and courage. Together, all three in harmony will bring forth
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