The objective of the virtual lab on bones consisted of identifying the major bones of the human body. We had to place the major bones of the body in the correct anatomical position. The key terms included the axial skeleton which includes the skull and the bones that support it, such as, the vertebral column, ribs, and sternum. The appendicular skeleton includes the bones of the limbs and the structures that support them such as, the scapula and pelvic bones.
P4 – Describe the three structures of the skeletal muscle (Epimysium, Perimysium and Endomysium) There are three structures of the skeletal muscle: Epimysium is a thick layer of irregular connective tissue that pulls the entire muscle as well as protecting the muscle from friction that may be caused by other muscles and bones surrounding them. Also, it is the fibrous tissue which covers and surrounds skeletal muscles. The Epimysium carries on past the end of bones in order to create muscle tendons. Perimysium surrounds a bundle of muscle fibres, it is a casing of connective tissue.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates. It is the terminal segment of a limb which supports weights and allows dislocation. In many animals with feet, the foot is a anatomize organ at the terminal part of the leg made up of one or more segments or bones, normally including claws or nails. The human foot is a strong and complex mechanical structure containing 26 bones, 33 joints (20 of which are actively articulated), and more than a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments (Kelikian AS et al., 2011). The joints of the foot are the ankle and subtalar joint and the interphalangeal connections of the foot.
BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW 2. Clinical Background 2.1 The human spine The human spine (also referred to as vertebral column or spinal column) is a bony structure in the middle of the back starts at the base of the skull and continues to the pelvis. It consists of vertebrae (small bones) and joints (intervertebral disks) together to form a flexible and stable spinal column.
scapula and clavicle abduction Glenohumaral joint Internal rotation Flexion Extension Adduction Ulna, radius , humerus elbow – flexion, extension And elbow joint forearm - supination, pronation Phalanges adduction Carpals wrist hyperextension Pelvic girdle (hip joint) hip flexion Hyper extension Abduction Femure ( knee joint ) flexion Tibia, fibula (ankle joint ) ankle dorsiflexion Tarsals , calcaneus, cuboid extension Navicular, cuniform, Metatarsals, phalanges MUSCULAR ANALYSIS Neck hyper extension semispinalis capitis Splenus capitis Rectus capitis Posterior major Lattisimus
The integumentary system- This system is overlaying the outer body. • Anatomical location- The integumentary system is superior or external to the body. The organs that make up this system are the skin, glands, nails, hair, and sense receptors.
Veal Production When dairy cows give birth to a male calf, that calf is sold to veal farmers for veal production. To improve the quality of veal Dutch famers used to feed their calves skim milk. Now there are three different classes of veal; special-fed veal, bob veal and grain-fed veal. Special-fed veal are calves that are fed complete milk supplements, this is the most popular form of veal.
Connective tissue is known to bind, support, and separate other organs and tissues. There are five kinds of connective tissue which are cartilage, bone, blood and loose and dense connective tissue. These kinds are in charge of supply of nerves and vascularization and nourishing the body with nutrients. There are two fibers found in this tissue called (elastic and reticular fibers) that located in places like the ear. collagen may be found in connective tissue and the bones and that provides structure and support.
The cranium size can be analyzed by comparing the size of the overall cranium with the size of the overall face. The cranium shape can be determined by analyzing the height and width of the overall skull. The degree of prognathism can be examined by looking at the profile of the skull and determined how much the face projects outward. By looking at the back of the skull and analyzing the morphology of the occipital and nuchal region the shape of occipital and nuchal region can be determined. When determining canine size and diastema, one should analyze and compare the canine to other teeth and the space between the canine and the premolars.