There are several organisations that will be involved when a child has been harmed or abused for example, police, schools, psychologist, GP, health visitor, NSPCC, probation service. All of them will have roles and responsibilities to ensure the child is protected and devise a plan to ensure the child safety. A few responsibilities are as follows; Police: The police have legislation to adhere to to protect the children. Children have the right to be fully protected (Children’s Act 2004 to safeguard and promote the welfare of children). They can investigate child abuse cases as they have specialist training.
Trauma Informed Care in Schools A system that would benefit greatly from the Trauma Informed Care approach is a school system. My reasoning for this is that when children are experiencing trauma whether it be from the past or a current situation, often times they struggle to find ways to cope positively with these negative feelings. And because they have trouble finding a positive outlet they tend to act out, whether that be involving themselves in harmful activities, or being violent towards themselves or others. It is important for staff members in a school setting to recognize some of the symptoms of someone that is going through trauma. If a student is acting out in class, can the adult assume the child is just acting out?
Question: Question 11 Answer: If there is a safeguarding issue at stake confidentiality and data protection rules can be broken. For example if there is a risk of the child to be harmed at home or at school, the confidentiality and data protection rules
In the article, “Child Physical Abuse,” by …….shares the procedure of what exactly physical abuse is, what to look for, and what you can do to help a child who is going through rough times at home. Physical Abuse is where a child is experiencing violence from parents or guardians in their home, which can lead to different signs such as; bruising, burns, bites, and marks in strange areas. Once you know what physical abuse is, then you can start helping the child. A child who is showing alarming injuries on their bodies can be a sign that the child is dealing with some sort of abuse. When a child demonstrates strange behavior could be a sign that something is wrong.
Connect with the person you are talking to so they feel you are not just hearing the words & that you understand. With children the environment they are brought up in effects their behaviour. Show them that there are boundaries & limits within a school but always make this age appropriate so they will understand. It is important they learn to consider others feelings but just as important to now forget their own feelings and emotions & how to deal with them. Effective communication rather than say getting into and argument which will only upset people and make the situation worse.
Another model is the Psychodynamic Model which indicates that behavior is motivated by emotions. If there is a student that is disruptive in the classroom a teacher should attempt to interview and counsel the child. The teacher needs to guide the child to understand their feelings and create a solution for the disruptive behavior. However, if the student’s conduct is not corrected by the teacher’s guidance then the school counselor should be involved for further evaluation.
This means they are responsible for the safety of children, young people and also the staff. There should be a clear ‘lines of responsibility’ for all workers etc to read in order for them to know who they must report to with any important information and to be accountable for. 1.2- Explain how to monitor and maintain the awareness of risks and hazards- It is important that we maintain a safe environment in order to be aware and prevent accidents that may occur depending on the following factors: The environment- When children attend a setting or a house that may not be for children they are going to come across more hazards than they usually do as child aware places are more aware and take out health and safety precautions. These may be trailing wires, loose rugs, cupboards with no locks, no baby gates etc. These are not thought of being made safely secured as children are not usually within the
When going through human development, if people are struggling with any of these psychological needs then there are programs to help support them. If kids aren’t provided with this in their primary environment, they may go to school to get this basic level of psychological needs. The second is safety and security needs meaning no harm physically, mentally, or emotionally. The security portion is making sure that the feelings of anxiety are low of fears. An example of this is making sure that there is no bullying when a kid is at school, because this can lead to a variety of tragedy things that could happen with a child.
Discriminatory and Non-discriminatory practice A setting must have a code of practice and policies which make sure discrimination cannot occur and that they are not breaking the law. Nursery setting must recognise and respond to the needs of the individual who access their setting. Discrimination is behaviour or action that is motivated by unfair beliefs. This can take a range of forms and can take place for a multitude of reasons and usually occurs through lack of knowledge and an understanding of diversity, every childcare professional must be conscious of the fact that a child or young person will experience some form of discrimination against them throughout their time in school, a child may be discriminated against for any reason; because
It is important for the children to feel comfortable and safe. If the activity that they are doing reminds them of something that has happened to them then immediate care and support must be provided to the child. If the children are playing nicely with one another and then a child begins to hit or kick another child then that child that is hurting the other must be removed from the situation as they are causing a barrier towards play based learning. With play based learning it is important that it not cause any harm towards the children and must be health and safety checked beforehand. Therefore, we have a risk assessment to check before the childcare sector opens for the children and parents to enter as well as tidying up constantly.
To prevent possible abuse from those working directly with children and to prevent allegations of abuse it is important to adopt good working practices. These help young children to get a feel of what is appropriate and may help them to respond if another adult behaves differently. The basis of safe working practice is openness so that other adults in the setting can either see or know what you are doing when you are with the children. Safe practices include: Registering visitors All visitors need to be registered when they come into a setting and given some identification that they are not a member of staff. Maintaining an accurate register is also essential if the building has to be evacuated.