Cultural tourism is deemed as one of the most important forms in the tourism industry and UNWTO predicts that it will become one of its main forms of focus by 2020 (Niemczyk, 2013). The council of Europe has actively developed cultural tourism to support culture. The record of protected monuments in the European Union (EU) and that of buildings of historical interest in European Commission indicated that the development of cultural tourisms underscore the increasing critical position of culture and cultural attractions in modern society (Greg Richards, 2007). Urry (1990) pointed out that culture has discontinued to be the purpose of tourism in the 20th century; however, tourism is culture. Some attractions such as the Pyramids, Taj Mahal and
This practice of sustainable tourism and ecotourism is there to mitigate those harmful economic and social impacts. There are polices and systems in place to protect and conserve marine habitats and wildlife, as well as the proper facilities to dispose of sewage from cruise ships. The establishments of environmental management agencies are in place to ensure that the development of infrastructures and other tourism products (hotels, roads etc.) are undertaken with a view to protect and preserve the natural environment. Maintain these infrastructures are not a burden on the government as these inflows from tourist are used to maintain and improve the quality of infrastructures used to benefit both tourist and
ICOMOS (International Scientific Committee on Cultural Tourism) 1997 Cultural tourism can be defined as that activity which enables people to experience the different ways of life of other people, thereby gaining at first hand an understanding of their customs, traditions, the physical environment, the intellectual ideas and those places of architectural, historic, archaeological or other cultural significance which remain from earlier times. Cultural tourism differs from recreational tourism in that it seeks to gain an understanding or appreciation of the nature of the place being visited. UNWTO (World Tourism Organization) 2004 (Cultural tourism) represent movements of people motivated by cultural intents such as study tours, performing arts, festivals, cultural events, visits to sites and monuments, as well as travel for pilgrimages… it is also about immersion in and enjoyment of the lifestyle of the local people, the local area and what constitutes its identity and
The interaction between tourists and poor communities can provide a number of intangible and practical benefits. These can range from increased awareness of cultural, environmental, and economic issues and values, on both sides, to mutual benefits from improved local investment in infrastructure. At the world conference held in Manila on tourism in 1980, importance of tourism and its effects were recognized in the declaration, which stated as; ‘’tourism is an essential activity both on the life of the nation since its direct and indirect effects on economical, social, cultural, and educational sectors of the society and their international relations’’. Economic benefits of tourism 1. Contribution to Gross Domestic Product; Tourism is being one of the world’s largest industries and contributes directly and indirectly (total contribution) to the global economy.
Tourism is viewed as an environmentally friendly way to revitalize distressed rural communities and economies (Sekhar, 2003). Tourism has emerged as the largest global industry of the 20th century and is projected to grow even faster in the 21st century. Recently, academicians have paid attention to the changing patterns of tourism as an embodiment of broader societal changes and the shift towards post-modernism. It is said that leisure related activities have become increasingly commoditized, reflecting a global “culture of consumption” (Gupta, 2011). Tourism is one of the world’s most rapidly growing industries and it has emerged as a fast growing sector in terms of employment and income generation.
4) Cultural tourism as an economically important activity should contribute to an overall schedules and agendas of sustainable development. 5) Preserving and conserving cultural heritage assets and contribute to achieving this. 6) Pay attention to the needs of local communities and host community should be getting involved in development and planning. 7) Justice and fairness are crucial to long term sustainability and cultural tourism should provide benefits equitably to the local communities. 8) Efficient and effective management requires well organized action and all local stakeholders including local government and politics, local groups of people and businesses, must sbe involved in the development of cultural
Analysis of the function of tourism is conducted in the measurement of a particular individual and society as a whole. From the point of view of a tourist per trip may be the reason for him to obtain some benefit or to relive a negative experience. Analysis of the opportunities that tourism creates, is the subject of sociological and pedagogical research, especially in educational measurement and educational aspects. The task of the pedagogy of tourism is shaping the attitudes of young people towards tourism activities and promotion of health and active recreation, a personal desire to explore the world. The main functions of tourism are: • the function of recreation-related needs recovery physical and mental forces; • health function is associated with improved health as a result of tourist visits, e.g.
Tourism is a travel or the movement of people from other country to another country or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. These people are called as visitors Nowadays , tourism industries become our main contributor in our country’s incomes years by years and create more additional jobs.A research had mention that “ tourism is one of largest, dynamic and attractive tool for economic development specifically in the developing countries” - (Norizawati & Tarmiji, 2014). Tourism can produce foreign exchange and investment which is beneficial to our country’s economy. As a way to increase the foreign exchange and also attract either global or local investors, we have to improve the quality of our
The Importance of Cultural Tourism After the great depression of the early 1930s, the states began to realize the size and importance of the tourism movement as an economic and social force which impacted substantially on the national and local economy. And people’s growing interest for tourism, especially cultural tourism because of the rising standards of living, increased leisure time and developments in transportation, has become all the more reason for developing cultural tourism. Youell (as cited in Chen, 2008) organized the benefits the states could expect from the economic and cultural aspects of cultural tourism into following points: It changes the image or perception of an area: cultural tourism is considered as a ‘green industry’ in 21st century, it does not produce pollutions. For example, government protects their natural tourist spots to attract visiting tourists instead of exploiting it. It builds a good image of a country.
The tourism industry has been developing rapidly and has been changing at a fast pace. As more people are fond of passing their time in nature, ecotourism has become the quickest developing segments. Thus, it creates chances characterized by natural attractions, wildlife and wilderness habitats. It aims to preserve and maintain development in the economy so that the local communities may benefit from it (Libosada, 2007). In addition, ecotourism will not only open business opportunities but may also generate funds which can support both environmental projects and ecotourism destinations development.