“Rights – based” ethics (John Locke, 1632 – 1704). Every individual is free and has equal right and has the right to life, health, liberty and possessions (in effect prohibiting capital punishment, medical charges, jails and income taxes). Problem: One person’s right may be in conflict with another’s rights. 3. “Duty – based” ethics (Immanuel Kant, 1724 – 1804).
After reading the U.S Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists in 1802. I realized that all three of these documents have common signers and Thomas Jefferson as the creator of these documents. God also plays a major role in these documents. As mentioned in the Declaration of Independence “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness (Declaration, 2016, p. 1)”. This document, which was created, first in order to assure our countries stability states that our country has been built on God, and it united the thirteen colonies.
First of all, differences. Modern day rights and laws try to focus on equality and freedom between all humans regardless of their differences, as seen in articles 1 “We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.” and 7 “The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly.” of the Universal Declaration of Humans Rights.
Freedom of speech. Freedom of speech is the right to articulate one's opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship, or societal sanction. The term freedom of expression is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act of seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used. Speech is God's gift to mankind. Through speech a human being conveys his thoughts, sentiments and feeling to others.
Thomas Paine is one of the great thinkers of all times, his notion of Human rights is Relevant even today. He advocates the Rational Outlook to life in his The Age Of Reason “I believe in the quality of man, and I believe that religious duties consist in doing justice, loving mercy, and endeavouring to make our Fellow-creatures happy. I believe many other things in addition to these. I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish Church, by the Roman Church, by the Greek Church, by the Turkish Church, by the Protestant Church, not by Church that I know of; my own mind is my own church. All national institutions of churches whether Jewish, Christian, or Turkish, appear to me no other than invention set up to terrify and enslave, monopolize
While in regard to the Separation of Church and State, it continues to keep our nation happy, in a sense. We are able to let everyone worship their own religion of choice yet still follow our same government issued policies, which is freedom of religion, a major thing in our governments founding. As I previously mentioned, by keeping every
Though the Dalai Lama takings a positive attitude and approach to various world religions, choosing to focus on a similar goal among them, but keep in mind that, Lama never loses sight of the fact that there are huge differences as well. Lama decided to take additional step and provided an illustration about Buddhism and Christianity, his view is that the fundamentals of principle of diverse values in each religion in most cases are comparable and by that each religion is focused to the success of eternal human happiness as a definitive goal. He also believes all religions highlight trustworthiness and humbleness; in which most is call for all religious believer to challenge one anther of becoming not only improved but better human beings. That is to say, all peoples of
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”. This was stated by the United Nations in 1945 in which a person is naturally entitled with human rights simply because they are a human being and this should be expected in all human beings. Human rights are as old as human civilization; but their use and relevance have been well defined during the recent years. It has gathered more importance after the Second World War period, after the United Nation’s Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
We and god share the same attributes but the control and power in the attributes of god are infinite and ours in finite. As we share the same attributes god has created us to serve our fellow men (humanity). • To love god: To love god doesn’t mean to follow god but to follow the will of god not because of the fear but because of love. Love is always a free choice.
This ideal that John believed in is upheld totally as can be seen in the power that is possessed by the judicial branch with their ability to determine legality and the final say of the Supreme Court. If he were alive today, he would be proud that there is religious freedom for all citizens. Now that our country is a country of many religions, he would be proud that this ideal has stood the test of time. He would also take pride in the institution of several judicial powers and the final say of court systems as well as the fairness of the court system in equal representation. Overall what John thought that the nation should be is what the nation ultimately became and I believe he would be proud of this