Since the city was on the east side and up to 100 miles inside Soviet-controlled East Germany, the Soviets had power; However, the West would not allow them to take over the capital city so easily. (Dearden) On August 13, the Berlin Wall, also known as the Iron Curtain due to its thick and heavy appearance, was constructed to create the division know for West and East Berlin. United States,
Issue Paper One The Allied Powers had conflicting views and ideologies on various visions for Europe after the war. These conflicts were political, militarily, and social. Another big conflict that created an uprising for the cold war was mistrust between the two powers. These conflicts not only created war but affected the whole world. Nations like the middle east, Afghanistan, and Africa were greatly affected.
Lee states: “ (...) the pact was not necessary for Russia.” Laqueur, an American historian, argue that “it should not be assumed that without the pact Germany would have attacked Russia.” During 1939 Stalin focused on the Balkan States. In the end of 1939, Stalin launched about 20 Soviet divisions against 15 Finish. However, the Soviets experienced humiliating casualties before they were actually successful in taking the land in the beginning of 1940. From 1940 and the first half of 1941, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was becoming evidently worse. Hitler, expressed his view on the Winter War (the attack launched against the Finish) and regarded it “entirely unnecessary”.
The Cold War was an icy rivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. This rivalry first developed because the two conflicting nations had different ideas of successful economies. The United States believed that capitalism, in which private owners control trade and industry was more efficient than Communism, in which the state or government control trade and industry. In addition, many of the events that occurred at The Yalta Conference played a significant role in the cause of this era of competition that lasted from 1947 to 1991. At Yalta, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed that Poland’s government would include members of the pre-war Polish government and that free elections would be held
The Berlin Wall falls – the symbolic end of communism in Europe The reunification of Germany was the ultimate cause of collapse of the Soviet control over Eastern Europe. Prior to 1990, the Berlin Wall created the divide between the East Bloc and the West Bloc. It was built around West Berlin to stop East Germans fleeing the Communist State. The wall was also viewed as a protective shell around East Berlin while the west presented it as a prison wall.The whole of Communist Europe was swept by revolution in 1989, one by one, all the Communist states were overthrown by democracy, and by 1990, this great divide brought the Eastern European countries solidarity and democracy. On October 3rd, 1990, the world viewed the unfolding of thousands of ecstatic, euphoric and exuberant Germans bringing down the most prominent icon of divide at the heart of Europe—the Berlin Wall.
The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other. The Soviet Union was a communist country . They were ruled by a dictator and had
In his “Moscow and the Marshall Plan”, published in 1994, Geoffrey Roberts seems to have combined his research interests by writing about the origins of the Cold War and particularly the role of the USSR in it. To be more precise, he argues that the ideological shift within the Soviet Union after the World War II with the following misinterpretation of the U.S. foreign policy in general and the Marshall Plan in particular led to the USSR “embarking on its Cold War” (Roberts 1381; italics added); i.e. since “Soviet ideology, like any other, was more than a set of beliefs”, but “a language of political communication” (1382), it influenced the USSR’s reception of the Marshall Plan and led to the eventual estrangement of the two superpowers and, finally, to the Cold War. He also argues that prior to 1947 both sides – the USSR, as well as the USA – were trying to cooperate and coexist peacefully with each other (Roberts 1382).Thus, as well as Leffler, Roberts does not seem to believe in the inevitability of the Cold War proceeding only from the mutual exclusiveness of the USA’s and the USSR’s ideological natures from the very beginning. Yet, as already mentioned, the author claims that ideology was the main reason why the Soviet Union did eventually launch the conflict.
Essay: To what extent did America cause the Cold War? The Cold War happened to be a period of time, stretching from around 1945-1991, characterized by Soviet-American tension. This tension was based off of a variety of conflicts; most of these conflicts being based off of economic clash and expansionism, along with territorial greed. Although it is argued by post-revisionists that the Cold War was inevitable due to the obvious economic differences and desire for ultimate power, the U.S. was mostly responsible for the Cold War because of its belligerent desire for the world to be without communism, and its overbearing attempts to spread its capitalism and vessels for trade across Europe. The U.S.’s belligerent desire for the world to be
Germany, in turn, was looking for revenge and started WW2. However a permanent peace were the blame is shared, no blame is placed or placed with consent or negotiations as well as negotiated terms with oppressed can lead to a longer peace and smaller wars. The Paris Peace Treaty, the treaty that ended WW2, is a great example of this as another world war has not taken place. Nonetheless, human nature today is charged with conflict, which is
Indeed, by 1949 all Eastern European governments, except that of Yugoslavia, were run by hard-line Stalinist regimes, causing a great amount of fear in the Capitalist world as they saw Communism as threatening every aspect of their society. Moreover, in response to Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech, Stalin made the aggressive movement of setting up the Cominform, the purpose of which being to coordinate the actions between Soviet influenced Communist Parties. This act of strategic organisation caused the initiation of the Truman Doctrine, both of which can be said to have ‘hasten[ed] the division of the world into two blocs’ . One of the final acts of Stalin was the Berlin Blockade, which pushed tensions in international relations to a peak. By the end of the crisis in 1949 and indeed throughout the rest of Stalin’s reign, there was absolutely no communication