During 1800-1848, the United States regions were shaped different due to technological and economic changes which changed labor relations in each region. The economy in the north was depended on manufacturing, whereas, the economy in the south was depended on agriculture. The northern and southern regions were significantly different from one another until the idea of cotton came into the picture. The two regions were shaped differently during this time period for various reasons.
In 1860, the U.S. was divided. It was divided into the North, South, and New Territories. It was also divided in terms of their views on slavery. The North believed that slavery was wrong, the South completely supported the idea, and the West was indifferent at the time.
The United States became increasingly divided between 1815 and 1840. The northern states and southern states developed independently from each other. America was more sectionalist than nationalist because the north and south disagreed over slavery, states’ rights, and economic policy. Perhaps the most obvious sectionalist issue was the conflict over slavery.
Sectionalism The definition of the word sectionalism is the restriction of interest to a narrow sphere. There were 3 main sections that practiced sectionalism in the 1800s. These sections were the North, the South, and the West. A few events that created sectional conflict were tariffs, slavery, representation, and states rights.
American Industrial Revolution North vs. South The American industrial revolution had many effects on the north and south in the 1800’s. While the North took advantage of the industrial process, the Southerners were still very agricultural and invested in land and slaves. That being said the american industrial revolution highlighted the fact that the economic strategies of the south were not strong enough to last through the changes in technology, transportation and population .
So while the Southern and Northern states had their disagreements they also had the same point of view with certain things. The north feared that the abolitionist
Davis said, “plantation slavery rapidly wear out soil, the South needed fresh land for an expanding population.” The South felt that they had lost much fortune because of the federal government. Similarly, the Proclamation of 1763 also prevented the Americans from acquiring new land. Finally, the deep social and ideological differences also accelerated the secession. The South relied heavily on slavery, it was “an inseparable part of the southern way of life.”
Discuss the impact that industrialization had on racial stratification of American Americans: from slavery to segregation Industrial technology began to transform American society in the early 1800’s, but the effects were not felt equally throughout the regions. The first states to industrialize were the northern states. While the northern states industrialized the plantation system and agricultural production continued to control in the south. This economic diversity contributes to one of the primary causes of the regional conflict that eventually led to the Civil War. Since there was more productive technology in the North they had more resources and defeated the South in the Civil War.
Even during its infancy, America was divided on the important issue of slavery. Divisions became ever more acute as the practice first died out and then was abolished in most of the North, while the South –in particular the cotton belt of the Deep South- it became an inseparable part of the section’s economy and society. This and the belief of many Americans in the western and southern states in a limited federal government was largely glazed over until the 1840s as more free states were admitted into the union. Southern states became increasingly concerned because they believed that the North might try to abolish slavery and further limit the powers of the state governments once they had a majority in congress. A series of compromises were
The Northern states, who did not rely on slavery for their economy, were anti-slavery and hence wanted all the nation to be such. The Southern states vehemently opposed this view, as their flow of money relied almost entirely on the use of slave labor. This extreme divide among the people roused talk of division in America. Stephens argues that “slavery and white supremacy were not only the cause for secession, but also the “cornerstone” of the Confederate nation.” He also states, quoting Jefferson: “(this is the) rock upon which the old Union would split”, referring to the existence of African slavery.
By the year 1845, slavery had been outlawed throughout Europe and there was very little transatlantic slave trade going on due to its abolishment in many countries and their colonies. But in the United States, it was still legal, though widely controversial. As America expanded westward, there was a lot of conflict over whether slavery should expand as well. The issue of the expansion of slavery played a major role in the causation of the civil war because of how it reinforced sectionalism between the North and the South and because of the “band-aid fixes” made by the government in an attempt to maintain the free state-slave state balance.
One can say that this was not the true image of the American people back then, referring here strictly about slavery. As time was passing by, the controversy over the institution of slavery would only grow and the faith of the Declaration not to mention the truths it asserted was very much mistaken. What began as a contradiction eventually began a politically crisis of the first order resulting in the Civil War. Those with great
The demonstrations of division in America coexisted many: utopian societies, clashes over public space, backlash alongside immigrants, urban rebellions, black demonstration, and Indian oppositions. America was a separated land in need of change with the South in the biggest demand. The South trusted heavily on agriculture, equally opposed to the North, which was vastly populated and an industrialized union. The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded. The South was constructed on a totalitarian system.
With expanding the union came disunion. The states began to feud about the expansion of slavery. This quote from John C. Calhoun captures the mind frames of the time. “ I have, Senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely effective measure, end in disunion… the agitation has been permitted to proceed… until it has reached a period when it can no longer be disguised or denied that the Union is in danger. You have thus had forced upon you the greatest and gravest question that can ever come under your consideration: How can the Union be preserved?”