Neither Hitler nor Stalin had foreseen that this would lead to the Western Allies declaring war on Germany on the first of September 1939. In actual fact Hitler and Stalin believed they had prevented the outbreak of war with the signing of the Pact not brought it on (Taylor 1963). The Pact convinced Hitler that the Western Powers could not now intervene to save Poland. To the Western Powers the Pact proved how unreliable the Soviets were. However, Britain had already based their strategy on the assumption that the USSR would remain isolated from the conflict, or even if they did get involved their military would be of little help to anyone, thus had no influence the decision to go to war.
Germany did not manage to break through to France as quickly as it intented to. Due to the "Treaty of London", which guaranteed the independence of Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. 125000 of well trained and equipped members of BEF (British Expeditionary Force) helped to resist the assault. A crucial element of failure of the Schlieffen Plan was the fact, that Russia organised it 's army earlier than Germany suspected, what forced it to send soldiers away to Western Front and fight off the Russian troops invasion. Another reason for the
However, it was clear that they had no choice; Germany was obviously incapable of undergoing more war. If Germany were to be invaded by the Allies, it would’ve been very difficult for them to defend themselves since they had been weakened by the war. Furthermore, Germany hadn’t taken part in the Paris peace conference; only the winning countries had been allowed to participate. When Germany had signed the armistice in 1918, they had thought they were accepting the fourteen point peace plan formulated by the USA President Wilson. Since this peace plan was based on fair and democratic ideas, Germany thought the Treaty would also be honest, but when, the 7th May 1919, the Treaty was put ahead of the German government, their expectations were proved
The Revolutionary war appeared like it was going to end earlier than expected. Since the British army were driving the revolutionist, led by Washington, out of New York and into New Jersey. The British continuously pursued the crippled colonist army, so Washington led his army across the Delaware river. They camped on the Pennsylvania side of the river, but the army was abridged of supplies. Washington considered a very risky plan, knowing if he didn’t do anything the revolution will come to an end.
Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West. Hitler ordered Von Rundstedt to keep the Siegfried line in readiness. Siegfried line was a defense system stretching more than 630 km, with 18,000 bunkers, tunnels and tank traps. Von Rundstedt ordered the 15th Army to retreat to the west, with the exception of some units who had to defend the Canal ports. (Appendix E) The failure of the British to stop this retreat was a big mistake because Von Rundstedt had 60,000 more men at his
He enforced the strict embargo of the Continental System to prevent the expansion of England essentially started the War of 1812. In a private conversation with Andre Francois, Napoleon said, “ I can no longer obey. I have tasted command. I have tasted power and I cannot give it up. I love power.” He no longer had the desire to please the people because his desire for power was only getting
The last major battle of the American Revolution was the battle of Yorktown. It was fought at Yorktown because the British ships would come to the port at Yorktown and drop off supplies and ammunition, which was crucial if the British wanted to win. However, this was not the case. France, the patriots ' ally during the revolution, blocked off the British ships from the Yorktown ports so that the British in the battle could not access the supplies they needed. To conclude, Yorktown was the best place for the British to attack and is also in part what lead to the loss for
However, the plan ultimately failed because of the lack of communication between the troops and the miscalculations of the leaders. Churchill expected major-general John Lucas, in charge of the campaign, to take advantage of the surprise factor and strike an attack that would cut off the supply route to Cassino. But the latter decided against it and followed US commanding officer Mark Clark’s advice to dig artillery positions to secure the bridgehead. This delay would allow the Germans to prepare an opposition force. Even though there had been some errors they only influenced single operations of the conflict and therefore, did not have as great an effect on the length of the campaign as the strength of German
The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers. “Then, Montgomery had long been advising Eisenhower on the folly of a broad-front strategy, for that many military leaders in history had lost their hard-earned initiative by failing to concentrate their forces. This would allow Montgomery to launch his assault on the industrial heartland of Germany and end the war by Christmas.” (Greenarce 284) General Dwight D Eisenhower was the commander of the operation which would take over the land campaign from
After the defeat of Germany in World War One and a day after the Kaiser was forced to abdicate and sent to Belgium, the Weimar republic was born. (10 November 1918). The republic was a democracy-based constitution thought as an emergency solution, set up to alleviate the effects of World War One on the German population. The republic although failed to do so and after the Allies imposed the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, and the republic was forced to sign it, the majority of the German population, who wasn’t exactly thrilled about this new democratic based republic, felt betrayed and angered at the Weimar Republic. It wasn’t exactly the best start for the republic and many Germans will hold this grudge till 1933 and over.
The British did not respect the colonization in the New World and were not fond of the idea that the United States being a newly independent nation. Americans drew the last straw and built stronger nationalism to fight even though the United States was severely unprepared for war. The Americans were willing to go to war to proudly defeat