The entire poem references Christianity; however, at the end of the poem, Wheatley reprimands Christians who view African American slaves “with [a] scornful eye” (5), saying that African Americans, “black as Cain, may be refin’d, and join th’ angelic train” (7-8). This is a reference to the bible story of Cain and Abel; even after Cain killed his brother Abel, his God allowed him to live a full, life. With these lines, Wheatley explains to her listeners that despite the stereotypes others have for African Americans, they still deserve to have the full, ordinary life that others are privileged to receive. By articulating a significant allusion to emphasize her point, Wheatley once again relates Christianity to her personal experiences, specifically the observations of interactions between African American slaves and their advantaged owners. With extensive use of personification and allusions, Phillis Wheatley recounts Christianity with her experiences of slavery and redemption.
Rising Above Oppression Being different and having fear of rejection is something we all experience at some point. “Still I Rise,” a poem written by Maya Angelou in 1978, expounds the indomitable spirit of African Americans, who have risen from slavery and every kind of humiliation. In it, the writer uses the motif of the image pattern “I Rise” to illustrate the way people have overcome great obstacles and oppression with enduring pride and grace, retaliating against discrimination of races and gender, and offering hope to the readers suffering from the same ordeal. In “Still I Rise,” Angelou speaks not only for herself; in fact, the poem 's scope is not limited to one person but to all the downtrodden individuals.
Within her poem “On Being Brought from Africa to America,” Phillis Wheatley takes a rather unique stance regarding the concept of slavery, a topic that was controversial during her time. Wheatley begins by stating that it was “mercy” that had brought her from her native “Pagan” land to the world of God and Salvation. With her embedded passion within the poem, a reader can easily infer that Phillis truly appreciates that she was able to learn the notions of Redemption and Heaven from her gruesome travels. This is a rather ironic situation a former slave could be in, for her physical pain would drastically outweigh her spiritual revelation. Later on, Wheatley proceeds to address the racial issue that was prevalent in America.
Sojourner Truth and Lucille Clifton, a powerful public speaker and a powerful African-American poet, both use the power of words to promote change. The pieces given from Sojourner Truth famously advocated women's rights and denounced slavery. The fundamentals of Lucille Clifton's pieces relate openly to slavery, her family, strong women and her heritage. Both these women use the effectiveness of speaking and writing to try and expose the exposition of social injustice and the inequality between the genders. Truth's famous speech, “Ain’t I a Woman?”
Her work provided a strong, militant yet African-American feel that was manifested through her writing. Giovanni work includes variety of topics ranging from race and social issues to children literature. She is considered one of the world well-known poets, within the African-American community. Furthermore, go trip is something that is undertaken in order to draw attention to a person’s own image or appraisal to him or herself. This is done strictly to satisfy one’s
I believe that Phillis Wheatley’s intent in writing “On being Brought from Africa to America” was conscious. I believe that she was fully aware about what she’s writing. I say that because on line 4 “Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.” she writes from her personal experience by using “I” in her poetry. She talks about her own experience on brought to America as a slave.
Many poets used metaphor and simile in poems to bring attention to serious issues in society. Ports used metaphor to pinpoint the issue through direct comparison. For instance, in the poem Hope is a bird by Emily Dickinson, Dickinson introduced her metaphor in the first two lines "Hope is the thing with feathers -that preaches in the soul". She then develops it throughout the poem by telling what the bird does (sing), how it reacts to hardship. Rita Dove is an African American contemporary woman.
Specifically, Zora Neale Hurston celebrated African American culture in a unique way by using authentic African American dialect and raw storytelling. The dialect used in the second paragraph of the story gives ample insight into the racial tension of that era, “Setting up dere looking dem white folks right in de face! They’s gowine lynch you, yet.” Hurston uses her grandmother’s African American dialect to celebrate her culture and to accent the story.
In all four poems, each poet has a similar use of literary devices throughout their poems. One poem may Phyllis Wheatley writes the poem “Upon Being Brought from Africa to America”, to demonstrate Christianity and the struggles of blacks in slavery. In line two, Wheatley uses a metaphor as her literary device. She emphasizes her “benighted soul to understand”, to illustrate that her soul is blackened and how lost she feel because of her transition from Africa to America. There is also a use of hyperbole in line six, describing the color black as “diabolic dye”.
Walker encounters the growing flow of racism that was clear at that time in anticipated changes. These involved a plan to transport all free Blacks from the United States to basically go to Africa. He analyzes Thomas Jefferson work, when Jefferson stated that Blacks were lesser to whites and should be detached beyond the reach of mixture. Walker noticed that such thoughts were an influential risk to the Black community and to the ability of real equality in the country. The Appeal had a really big effect on the countrywide argument about slavery Walker’s Appeal is the first constant written attack upon slavery and racism to come from a black man in the United States.
1. “Africa” The poem starts off with a very calm description of Africa, here Maya Angelou is portraying the country as a beautiful woman. The mood then changes when she explains the dark past when young boys and girls were taken from their home and sold into slavery. In the powerful ending, Africa rises and takes a stand for herself. 2.
Both African American men and women have had the strength to put up with racial comments and slurs they have been told all their lives. In the speech, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” by Frederick Douglass and the poem, “Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou, are perfect examples to show how white Americans used to treat the African American people. White Americans back then, and even in modern day, would talk down about them, hoping to break down their self confidence even more than it already has been. This may be true to others, but to Douglass and Angelou, they do not let the heartless words of others define who they are as an individual.
III. a. Maya Angelou was an avid writer, speaker, activist and teacher. As a result of the many hardships that she suffered while growing up as a poor black woman in the south she has used her own experiences as the subject matter of her written work. In doing this she effectively shows how she was able to overcome her personal obstacles. Her autobiography “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1970) tells the story of her life and how she overcame and moved forward triumphantly in spite of her circumstances.
During the African diaspora, Europeans exemplified their superiority over Africans on two distinct levels – individual and institutional. While individual oppression inflicts superiority over one individual, in the case of a slave and their owner, institutional embodies a race and their culture. Due to its capacity, “Institutional impression impacts millions of people and limits their opportunities in ways that individual acts cannot” (Beckham, 2001). Institutional impression entails the elimination of humanity from a group of individuals, degrading them to human slaves. Irate by their repulsive treatment, Africans brought about resistance that challenged white supremacy and maintained the racial hierarchies.