The Great Awakening was a time when powerful enthusiastic preachers travelled from one town to another, giving emotion-packed sermons which had touched listeners extremely. On the other hand, American colonies held them back by depending on England to their further survival. Still, religion had a greater encouragement on English colonization in North America. The main aim of this was bringing America closer to becoming an independent state. In North America religion had a greater impact than economy.
In the 18th century, Europe had a high demand for Chinese goods but the Chinese didn’t have a high demand for European goods. In order to pay back, Britain gave China the only commodity they would accept--silver, but they didn’t have enough silver. So, the Britain had to buy it from other European countries, which created further debt. In 1773, the British conquered the Bengal Province in India, which was the largest producer of opium at that time. So, the British decided to use opium as a commodity to decrease the debt between Britain and China.
The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated. Britain didn’t want this surplus population to go to waste, so the colonization of Africa was a good excuse to export these people so that they could help in taking over Africa. Overall, the reason for Britain’s colonization campaign for Africa was to show superiority to other nations, for natural recourses, and oversight on African trades. It’s clear that they were driven by economic and strategic
(Eric Foner, ed., Give Me Liberty, 51). Although it seems that the inspirations for colonization were similar if not the same among European countries, large nations like Spain, France, and England in particular, had distinct differences that set them apart from other countries. Spain was one of the first countries to act quickly in beginning its expansion to the New World. The Spanish exploration was clearly identified as being mostly “inspired by a search for wealth, national glory, and the desire to spread Catholicism.” (Eric Foner, 20). King Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain were firm believers that this conquest would be a good investment with worthy benefits like commercial trade and religious conversions in the long run, so they provided
The french later went into Malaysia, but were not as successful as in India. The french were also very attracted to the Asian merchandises themselves such as spices and textiles which could only be imported. This was a very influential factor as in this time, France was a very demanding country, resource wise, and they had to be prosperous to keep functioning. There were many new resources and goods available, that the colonising countries immediately detected as a huge commercial
The Mongols attempted an invasion of Japan twice to no avail, in part, due to the storms which proved a challenge for the Mongols on both attempts to invade the Japanese. Despite the Mongols’ inability to capture Japan, Japan still felt the impact of the Mongols’ scrutiny. Fending off the Mongols proved damaging financially to the Japanese, as along with the costs of defending the island during the attempted invasions, costs continued afterwards in anticipation of a third Mongol attack which never came. The financial stress the Mongols imposed on Japan ultimately resulted in political discomfort amongst the Japanese, and the bafuku government fell in 1333, which was then replaced by another military
Many factors, mostly technological advances, made it easier for countries to explore beyond the European Continent at this time. The world was first ruled by the Portuguese and the Spanish. The western half of the world was controlled by Spain whereas the eastern half of the world was controlled by the Portuguese. The Age of Exploration took place at the same time as the Renaissance. Firstly, It was the Renaissance spirit that encouraged men to go on expeditions.
The missionaries were sent over here to spread their beliefs. They were Christian, so they were sent to the Americas to convert the natives to Christianity. I feel like that wouldn’t be their main priority. It was obviously important to them, but they needed the resources and land more than they needed their faith. This means that they were either merchants or explorers.
Eventually, laying the foundations for the formation of the largest global empire in history. The desire for expansion within the British empire arose due to a culmination of heavy losses in terms of warfare, particularly with France at the end of the hundred years’ war, great envy toward their rivals, a longing for exotic commodities, but also a crippling debt in the monarchy was a key factor. In the 16th century, however, the state neglected to fully commit itself to help fund voyages of exploration, settlement, and colonisation, due to a lack of resources. T. O. Lloyd, in his book ‘The British Empire 1558-1983’, explains “The government certainly had no money to spare to help the colonies, and this introduced the general rule that English colonies had to cover their own costs.” Therefore, much of the conquest and discovery was left in the hands of privateers and private enterprises “whose concern for immediate gain was detrimental to long-term planning needed to promote colonisation.” The first real expedition
Before the arrival of the Spaniards in the Philippines, our ancestors had been trading with other countries such as China, Japan, India, Cambodia, Borneo and Moluccas. Products from these countries flowed into the Philippines easily. Manila became the center of commerce in the East. The King of Spain issued a decree banning the importation of goods from China as they could be bought in the local market for competitively low prices. This, in turn, made it possible for European goods to be sold in the market for outrageously high prices.