(Carpendale, 2003) Merleau-Ponty, the French philosopher, writes that philosophy is “not the reflection of a pre-existing truth, but, like art, the act of bringing truth into being.” (Merleau-Ponty, 1969) Betensky (1995) wrote "phenomenology offers an answer to a long needed unbiased approach to art therapy in all its spheres: theory, training, and professional practice.” She articulates the importance of 'seeing ' and suggests that this is art therapy 's most important contribution to general therapy and even to phenomenology itself, because art therapy pays attention to the authentic experience in two ways. First of all there is the direct experience of creating art and second of all there is the direct experience of looking at the art. The second direct experience requires some help to learn how to look in order to see all that can be seen in their art expression (Betensky,
Mental health plays a very significant role in this concept; those in the mental health profession who suffer from mental illness themselves, could feel they have more to offer than a psychologist without a mental illness. Mental illness becomes easier to understand, and work with, if one has directly experienced its predictable traits. As earlier stated, when an individual feels their contributions are necessary, they are more likely to exert more effort, whereas if they feel they are not needed, the less effort they will put forth in their profession. In the future, if there is little to no labor force, those who work in a
Before evaluating the arts, there must be a definition of arts and a purpose for its creation. The Arts is an expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form, it is a result of inspiration from the spiritual and ethical values. Spirituality refers to the measure of how willing we are to allow grace some power greater than ourselves to enter our lives and guide us along our way whereas ethics deal moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity. Art is transformative it is another way to communicate. It tends to rely more on an effort to move people emotionally, instead of logically.
She adds on about concept of symbolic expression extends the knowledge beyond the scope of the actual experience. She later on argues that language plays an important role in art in ways of expression that, “the things we can say are in effect the things we can think” (8). She claims that without words of language that the sense experience is just a flow of impression. Langer points out that, “the expressiveness of art is like that of a symbol, not that
Art is meant to open up your mind to new things, make you feel things and cause emotion to come forth. It doesn 't matter what you are practicing, if it makes you feel something or emotion, then it is art. This is how all art is related. Anywhere from a beautiful painting, to a movie, to music and composing. Art is supposed to mean something to the person looking at, watching or listening to.
SUMMARY Although cognitive behavioral therapy is known as an effective treatment for patients suffering from clinical depression. Despite this, cognitive behavioral therapy is found to not be as effective on religious patients partly due to the emphasis on values like personal autonomy and self-efficacy as necessary for mental health whereas most religious people want to depend on only God for everything. This value discrepancy is a reason why many religious individuals do not seek mental health services and why there is not a reliable sample size of religious populations in most clinical studies. A study performed by graduate professionals L. Rebecca Propst from the Department of Counseling Psychology, Graduate School of Professional Studies as well as Richard Ostrom, Philip Watkins, Terri Dean and David Mashburn from the Western Baptist Graduate School of Psychology examined how the values of cognitive behavioral therapy could be aligned with the values of religious individuals in order for them to reap the benefits of the treatment. Propst discovered that by
Potential Barriers to Treatment. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy programs are fairly accessible throughout the United States. With programs put in place and schools and local community agencies. However, the stigma of mental illness and depression stop many children and adolescents from receiving help. Additionally, a lack of education on mental disorders may impede a youngster from asking an adult for help (Possemato, Johnson, Wray, Webster, & Stecker, 2017).
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY: Albert Ellis (1913-2007) was a psychoanalyst who has growing dissatisfaction towards it. But he was interested in learning behavior related therapy. Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Donald Meichenbaum were indulged in writing treatment for chronically ill and severely stressed patient using cognitive therapy. But it ended up with behavior therapy techniques combined with cognitive therapy which were prominent in that era. That’s how Cognitive Behavior Therapy came to practice.
Narrative therapy is used by many therapists as a basis for various interventions such with individuals, families and communities. Narrative therapy is viewed as a collaborative form of therapy which works to identify the competencies, skills and expertise that a client shares in their personal narrative. Clients are considered separate entities from their problems. The strategy is to lower resistance and defenses and allows clients to address these issues in a more productive and creative manner. Externalizing the problems helps set a positive therapy discourse moving negative communication to more accepting, non-judgmental, and meaningful exchanges.