External Factors Of Infertility

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Whenever a couple tries to conceive, it a glorious yet intimidating part in life. Essentially, infertility is defined as the inability to give birth after 12 months following unprotected intercourse (“What is Infertility”). Studies show that male partners usually contribute 20% to the event of infertility while female partners contribute 40%-50% (Nordqvist, Christian). Some external factors of infertility include consumption of anabolic steroids, illegal drugs and smoking, which can also cause testicles to shrink in size and reduce quantity and quality of sperm in men (Nordqvist, Christian). For men, the age where infertility rates increase are 40 while women’s infertility rates go up during the age 32 as it can affect quality and production of ovum (Nordqvist, Christian). Being obese can lead to abnormal sperm in men (Nordqvist, Christian). The testes, which lies inside the scrotum usually produces 15-35 ml of sperm (“Low Sperm Count”). Several factors change this and achieve infertility, such as varicocele, which swells the testicles and prevents normal temperatures of the sperm and infections, known as chalmydia, gonnorhea, prostatis, and azoospermia (“Low Sperm Count”). Inflamed testicles and ogliospermia along with tumours…show more content…
A premature menopause is congenial and causes women to become infertile at an unexpectedly young age due to a lack of ovum (“What Causes Female Infertility?”). Previous surgery infections and congenial faults can cause tubal diseases that scar both ends of the fallopian tube and hinder sperm progress (“Fallopian Tubes & Tubal Disease”). 1 in 10 infertile women are attacked by endometriosis, where the endometrium in the uterus or fallopian tubes grows too much and therefore increasing the chance for infertility by 12%-36% (“What Causes Female Infertility?”). Lastly, antibodies that are heavily coated in semen or blood can exterminate sperm and hinder progress to the cervical mucus ("Male

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