A difficulty, however, is monitoring how much it actually is.. If it is unclear how much negative externality is imposed on society it is difficult to say how high the taxes should be. Another problem, which could occur is that the black market could benefit from the high taxes on alcohol. Since such goods are not controlled by the government. The inferior alcohol, which is sold on the black market, can cause severe health issues.
More so, consumers may become addicted to their desires in the purchasing of a product, which only alienates them from better products that may actually improve their lives. Marx’s theory of commodity fetishism defines the dangers of a capitalist society that is controlled a by a small group of bourgeoisie owners that seek profit through a narrow selection of products. More so, consumers are often unaware of the dangers of these products and the addictive properties of a commodity that dominate their lives. In this manner, a sociological analysis of Karl Marx’s commodity fetishism has been analyzed within the problematic issues of an American consumer
This article focuses on the ban on tobacco display. It deals with the aspects of negative externalities of consumption caused by the consumption of tobacco and cigarettes and the effect of the ban on tobacco display on small businesses. A negative externality is a cost that is suffered by the entire society as a result of an economic transaction. In a transaction, the producer and consumer are the first and second parties, and third parties include any individual, organisation, property owner, or resource that is indirectly affected. Although the externality that is generally generated in the environment and the society can be positive, the externalities of consumption generated by smoking and the intake of tobacco are all negative, and this is one of the biggest examples of a negative externality of consumption.
"Underage smoking (under age 18) is not only unhealthy, it is illegal. If caught, you will pay a heavy fine." In addition teen smokers can fall into addiction almost by accident. "One in three adolescents who are "just experimenting "end up being addicted by the time they are 20 years old." So smoking is very heavy with disadvantages, won't you
Profit and money are the driving factors behind so many things, that people are not very motivated to eradicate something that earns them billions of dollars. Yes, legislation such as those to reduce secondhand smoke positively affect health outcomes, but I feel it is not enough. Tobacco is a legal substance despite its known negative, sometimes fatal repercussions. There is a plethora of research regarding the deadly and harmful effects of smoking and cigarette use, yet it is a legal substance used by millions. I think that the government needs to forget the profit aspect and focus on its citizens health.
Roughly 7 out of 10 people in the world report that they are ‘very stressed’ about money, and 1 out of these 10 people report that they are not stressed about money. Financial stress is a direct symbol of economic deprivation and often refers to not being able to pay for essentials such as food or rent due because of shortage of money. Financial stress has also been shown to be associated with smoking. Among smoking households, financial stress was related to higher percentage of total expenditure on tobacco. The link between financial stress and smoking is not too rich.
The population living in areas in proximity to tobacco farms was not given the chance to accept or refuse the establishing these farms that threaten their lives and contaminate their environment, which violates the principle of autonomy. Within the context of Belmont report, given the wide adverse effects of tobacco cultivation on the natural environment, it poses more harm than benefits, which is restricted to tobacco's high profit. This violates the principle of beneficence. In addition, since the shift of tobacco production from high income countries to low and middle income countries (Geist et al, 2009), the latter are experiencing the most harms of this process. Accordingly, such unfair distribution of harm between poor and rich countries of the world hindered Belmont's principle of
In my personal opinion, I believe that the decriminalization of drugs in Hong Kong would bring more benefits than disadvantages. Unlike Sweden, imposing harsher penalties has not proven to be successful in reducing drug abusers in Hong Kong and we need better solutions to tackle the problem. I believe that the Hong Kong government should decriminalize all drugs, by doing this they would effectively reduce the amount of people consuming drugs, thereby reducing the crime rates in Hong Kong. We have seen this solution working in Portugal with crime rates in Portugal falling significantly. Global
You are not just harming your own self but other people’s health as well which turn out to be worst for them. Another aspect of second hand smoke is that it pollutes the atmosphere, which is one of the major problems that most people are complaining, the air pollution. Smokers should isolate their selves in a smoking zone with people who do the same. As well to ensure that it is the only specific area that gets to have the smoke. Second hand smoke is obviously linked with other people’s health; a recent study published in Medical Journal Circulation reviewed 13 studies from around the world that banning of smoking in public place can reduce 36 percent of heart attack hospitalization, regardless of geographical location.
Smoking – It’s A Menace Smoking will give you a full body makeover in a bad way – as it affects every part of you both inside and out. Keeping fit is also a lot harder if you smoke. Those who smoke: • are more easily exhausted • suffer shortness of breath • have reduced endurance • are slower to react • have poorer visual judgement REASON OF SMOKING • Addiction • Psychologically Dependent • Relaxation • Stress Removal • Relaxing breath • Weight Control • Weight Control • Social Integration • Family Attitudes SMOKING KILLS YOU • Buerger’s disease • The true cost of smoking • Passive smoking shown to increase Stillbirth Risk • Leads to formation of wrinkles and premature ageing • Risk of suffering from a heart attack and stroke • Can cause premature ejaculations and lowers • Makes your bones brittle • Strains your teeth • Causes bad breath • Can make you go blind EVILS OF SMOKING • Coughing • Yellow fingertips • Obesity TOBACCO INDUSTRY SIZE Indian Tobacco and tobacco products earn a whopping annual sum of about Rs.10271 cores to the national
The higher SES you achieve, the better health you have. This correlation can be linked to higher education to have a little better understanding of medicine, to healthier diets, better finances as well as better life style choices. An example of this was the TB breakout at the turn of the century. The poor were most effected due to over crowding and lack of space to breathe in the slums they occupied. The leading disease we see now is heart disease.
An example of air pollution that has become more prominent in the last few years has been acid rain. Acid rain had increased the marginal social cost on the American people through its risks of a persons health, however, most people only realize the marginal social benefits that it represents, like the goods that are made, with the rain as their product. Title IV of the Clean Air Act is where we find the laws that regulate Acid Deposition, which occurs when sulfur and nitrogen emissions combined with other substances, are changed in the atmosphere and then dropped back on Earth in a form that is very harmful to a persons and the environments health. The Clean Water Act was put into place in order to create a system so that there aren 't too many pollutants released into the U.S. 's water supply and to make sure that the water is deemed as safe for Americans to use and drink from. The Clean Water Act was first introduced in 1948 as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, but in 1972 it was restructured and expanded.
People think that using e-cigarette is not much worse than using tobacco, but researchers have found that both of them contains nicotine that is exceptionally a very addictive drug. E-cigarette also contains other harmful chemicals that can affect the health of the people using it. It can also cause fatal death or lung cancer and can also damage the other organs. Some people use normal cigarette because it is not that expensive and is easy to buy. While some people also say that they buy e cigarette to make them look more cooler.