sebiferum has milky white steamy sap which may act as a skin irritant or as a diarrhetic. The outer wrapping of the seeds contains a solid fat called as Chinese vegetable tallow, and the kernels generate a drying oil called stillingia oil. Candles, soap, cloth dressing, and fuel are prepared from the tallow. The oil is used in machine oils, as a rough lamp oil, in making varnish and paints (because of its rapid drying properties), and as alternate for linseed oil. The oil is also apparently used in Chinese medicine as an emetic or purgative, but overdose can cause violent sickness and maybe death (Duke et al., 1983).
So, catechins prevent chronic skin inflammation starting at the very root. However, the most significant impact of using green tea topically is that it lowers the release of enzymes that break down elastin and collagen. Together, these connective fibers control skin firmness and elasticity. The degradation of these proteins can be pinned on ageing as well as UV and free radical damage. But, the polyphenols in green tea shoot down all of these dermal issues.
Apart from these, mango wastes3, sugar beet wastes4, sunflower heads5, Roselle calyces6, dragon fruit7, watermelon rind8, cocoa husks9 and papaya wastes10 have been studied for alternate sources of pectin. M.L.Fishman et al11 studied the physical properties of pectin extracted from pomegranate peels, like intrinsic viscosity and molecular weight,
resistance may provide an additional method for controlling faba bean diseases to be considered in an integrated diseases management. Geetha and Shetty (2002) reported the induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew disease up on treating seeds of the highly susceptible cultivars of pearl millet with the plant activator benzothiadiazole (BTH) (CGA 245704), calcium chloride (CaCl2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). 0.75 per cent BTH, 90 mM CaCl2 and 1.0mM H2O2 were efficient in managing the disease by giving 78 per cent, 66 per cent and 59 per cent protection respectively, against downy mildew disease. In vivo quantification of Sclerospora graminicola by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed reduced fungal biomass in plants induced for resistance. 2.11.
Abstract Abstract Fresh apples and pears are a good sourcer of antioxidants, fiber and vitamin C and for juice processors it is of importance to maintain them during their processing and shelf-life. Moreover, its microbial safety and stability should be guaranteed. For this reason, several research has been carried out to optimize juice processing in order to avoid undesirable quality changes, increase yield production and ensure microbial safety. In this chapter, conventional processing techniques are explained and compared to innovative technologies. The effect of novel and conventional thermal methods (pasteurization and HTST) on the nutritional content, quality-related enzymes, microbial inactivation and organoleptic attributes is described.
Atabani et al, 2012). It is the most suitable technique for crushed seeds of extraction oil and it had been found that using n-hexane method results in highest oil yield (A.E. Atabani et al, 2012). However, using this technique is long process time and using n-hexane as solvent extraction has negative environmental impact of waste water generation and higher specific energy consumption. Use of alkaline protease gave better results and furthermore, ultrasonic pretreatment is more useful step in aqueous oil
(2) In order to improve the magnetic field gradient, we must choose the high magnetic saturation of the magnetic saturation of the magnetic media, the choice of poly magnetic media has certain technical difficulties, and increase the cost of running. (3) High cost of magnetic species, recycling more difficult. The development of practical and inexpensive is a problem that must be considered in the further development of magnetic separation technology. Although magnetic separation technology is a simple and feasible and efficient water treatment technology, due to the technical difficulties and limitations to be overcome. Therefore, it is widely used in practical applications.
It is consumed as fresh fruit or as juice (Wang et al., 2011). Pomegranate is also used for the production of beverages, flavors, coloring agents and jellies (Hmid et al., 2013). In the past, pomegranate was used as a remedy for the treatment of common diseases. For example, the pomegranate peel extract was used for the treatment of diarrhea, dental plaque and dysentery as well as an enema agent. The dried pomegranate extract was used in India as a remedy for ulcers, diarrhea, bleeding noses and intestinal worm, while patients with periodontitis applied the rind powder to their bleeding gums and plaque (Ismail et al., 2012).
Therefore there is a need for isolation and characterization of natural antioxidant having fewer side effects which can be used in foods or medicinal materials to replace damage causing synthetic antioxidants . A very important medicinal plant family is Labiatae, also known as the mint family. Plants in this family are herbs or shrubs often with an aromatic smell. A. malabarica is a medicinal plant, belonging to this family has been used as a folkloric medicine to treat amentia, anorexia, fevers, swellings, rheumatism, colic dyspepsia and curing wounds .The leaves of A.malabarica is reported to possess anticancer, allergenic, anthelmintic, antiallergic, antianaphylactic, antibacterial, antihistaminic, antiinflammatory, antileukemic, anti plasmodial, antiseptic and antibiotic properties . 2.
Historically, lubricants have been produced from both edible and non-edible vegetable oils. Vegetable oils in general posses, high viscosity index, high flash point, low evaporative loss and high lubricity compared to mineral based oil. Bio-lubricant also known as bio-based lubricant or bio-lubes are made from a variety oils of edible and non-edible seeds such as rapeseed, sunflower, soybean palm, coconut oil, castor, mahua etc. Belafi et al. (2004), on his work entitle “Manufacture of an environmental-safe biolubricant from fusel oil by enzymatic esterification in solvent-free system” observed that the oleo-chemical ester produced doesn’t have aquatic toxicity and also the determined tribologycal and physico-chemical properties of the lubricant proved biodegradability and an environmental friendliness although enzymatic esterification processes are quite complex and expensive.