Patroclus was killed by Hector while he was under the impression Patroclus was Achilles, “But I’ll tell you something else— bear this in mind—you’ll not live long yourself. Your death is already standing close at hand, a fatal power. For you’ll be destroyed at brave Achilles’ hands, descendant of Aeacus” (Homer, Iliad 16. 989-993), this foresight shared by dying Patroclus shows Achilles will kill Hector in search of retribution. Since Hector killed Achilles best friend Achilles doesn't care about pride anymore, just revenge.
An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
The Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens is truly a war like no other, pitting the two great super-powers of Greece against each other. When one looks at the resources and the experiences of both Sparta and Athens, it seems almost certain that Athens would come out victorious. However this would not be Athens’ outcome. To great Athenian surprise, the Spartans emerged victorious in 404 BC. There are many factors and intricacies that led to a Spartan victory.
The theme of Bacchae seems to be one of revenge. Dionysus, the god of intoxication, has revenge on his mind towards the family of Cadmus, his mother’s father, who refuses to worship him and claim him as Zeus’s son. Dionysus was born of Zeus and a mortal woman by the name of Semele. Zeus’s wife, Hera, found out about the affair and knowing Zeus would answer one of Semele’s requests, had her ask to see him in his full glory. The pregnant Semele was instantly disintegrated along with her child Dionysus, however, Zeus was able to stitch the baby back up and put him in his thigh until Dionysus was old enough to be born.
In Mythology, Edith Hamilton portrays the Greek gods as somewhat greedy, and they are often appeased through ritual slaughter. Thus, modern culture learns that Greeks hold value in the authority of their gods through sacrifice. For example, at the beginning of the Trojan War, unbearable winds made it impossible for the Greek army to sail to Troy. If these harsh winds were to subside, the furious goddess Artemis had to be pleased through the death of Iphigenia, Agamemnon’s daughter. Eventually, Agamemnon succumbed to the need to appease the goddess and thus “dared the deed, slaying his child to help a war” (Hamilton 259).
He started fights and ended lives for his own satisfaction and revenge. Achilles is considered an epic hero for being a great leader and having courage to stand up for what he wanted. A great example of this in “The Iliad” is during the fight between Hector, Patroclus’ killer, and Achilles. Hector is begging Achilles to give his body back to his people, after Achilles is done with him and he replies “Beg me no beggary by soul or parents, whining dog! Would God my passion drove me to slaughter you and eat you raw, you’ve caused such agony to me!
In The Odyssey the main character Odysseus loses shipmates to a Cyclops. Odysseus was the main reason the Greeks beat the Trojans in the Trojan War and due to this he became arrogant and believed he was a step above the world. This sort of arrogant demeanor is what caused his friends death and nearly took his own too. He saw his companions faces “turn to grief tallying those who had not fled from death.” (Homer 09. 382-383) He took battles that could have been avoided but were necessary in his return home.
Counter to theirs, to stamp out these accursed people with my sword” (IX 162-163). This shows that he weeps about not getting what he wants, because they are getting the glory. He hates the Trojans for the fact that they do a better job than he does at defeating people. Turnus does not show that he cares for his troops and that is something that Aeneas does. While they are in a meeting discussing the Trojans and Turnus and one of Turnus’ men stands up, Drances, and he says to him: “Turnus surrender to king and country their due rights!
In The Iliad, Homer presents the reader with an exceedingly complex conundrum regarding who should take responsibility for the death of Patroklos. At first glance Patroklos appears to have brought about his own demise, but it was Achilles who was ultimately responsible for his death. Achilles and Patroklos hold equal culpability for the end of Patroklos’ death, mainly resulting from the great pride each man holds more dearly than friendship in the moment of battle. Achilles is ultimately liable in Patroklos’ death. Despite his warnings of what hazard the armor could bring, he thinks selfishly of himself and allows Patroklos to wear the deeply protective equipment.
In Sophocles’ Antigone, Antigone and Creon both have qualities of a tragic hero according to Aristotle’s definition. Aristotle believes a tragic hero is a decent human, but falls due to a weakness in one’s character. In the plot, Antigone decides to bury her brother, which defies the laws of Creon, the dictator of Thebes. Antigone believes she must hold her family values and the gods’ beliefs with utmost respect. Antigone refuses to deny her crime, so she is sentenced to be death by Creon.