We will acknowledge and interpret the definitions of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in relation to contemporary research and theory. The term ‘intrinsic motivation’ is, defined as when we act without any obvious external reward. We simply enjoy an activity or see it as an opportunity to explore, learn and actualise our potential. (Coon and Mitter, 2010). Whereas extrinsic motivation is defined as our tendency to perform activities for known external rewards, whether they be tangible (E.g., money) or psychological e.g., praise) in nature (Brown, 2007).
Extrinsic motivation is more of a short term form of motivation and used for getting started because as mentioned above, rewards will eventually lose their worth. Concept of Motivation The term “motivation” is derived from the word ‘motive’. The word motive as a noun means an objective, as a verb it means moving into action. Therefore, motives are forces which compel people to act in a way, so as to ensure the fulfillment of a particular human need at a time. Behind every human action there is a motive.
This theory talks about two kinds of goals, one known as Mastery Goal, which is a result of intrinsic motivation and the other called Ego goal, which is a result of, extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation are explained by Urdan & Schoenfelder (2006). Intrinsic motivation comes from within and causes a person to be self determined and focused on achieving the goal. Extrinsic motivation is influenced by external factors, such a rewards, punishments, and encouragement from those around. I feel that intrinsic motivation is the driver for sustained focus.
Types of Motivation Our organization World Vision chooses achievement motivation as the first motivational factor, achievement from the employees in the organization will drive and to pursue employees and other employees to attain goals. An individual with achievement motivation wishes to achieve objectives and advance up on the ladder of success which the organization will promote the employee of its achievement and effort done in the organization. Secondly, the organization chooses affiliation motivation; it is a drive to relate to people on a social basis. Persons with affiliation motivation perform work better when they are complimented for their favorable attitudes and co-operation. As a community related organization with the vision of
Which one do researchers know more about? Why? = Intrinsic motivation is based on the internal need for competence and self-determination. For example, I read newspaper every morning to know and learn about the world and to build my value. Extrinsic motivation is based on forces external to the individual for rewards.
William James (2014) shaped a record of human instincts such as thing as attachment, play, shame, anger, fear, shyness, modesty and love but there’s a problem in this theory which is this theory didn’t really clarify the behavior and it is just only described. There is also another theory of motivation which is the incentive theory of motivation that is divide in to two category which are the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, first is the intrinsic motivation which is you do a certain thing because you want to seek out new things and new challenges. It is determined by an interest or satisfaction in the task itself. The second one is the extrinsic motivation obviously it refers to the incentive that the person that will get after doing a tasks they are motivated to do things because they know at the end of the day they will get a reward. Like in school, students study hard because they know after the semester of their hard work would be paid off.
Intrinsic motivation can be defined as internal factors, which serve their satisfaction and enjoyment. Extrinsic motivation is the opposite of intrinsic drives that people will act in a certain way based on external incentives. The most common form of external motivation is financial rewards. In today 's society, many people commonly use money as an extrinsic motivation in order to contribute better behavior. However, non-financial rewards should be used to improve people 's performances, which comes from praise and individual recognition as intrinsic motivation.
Of any kind motivation they instinctively from, it is strongly correlated to which extent they perceive self-determination. It means that the stronger motivation can reflect the higher self-determination they would applied to the performance, task or challenges (Moran and colleagues, 2012, p.361). Related to the story, the man who works for IT job, personally did not really interested in the social voluntary activity and more interested in his personal professional career building as a fresh graduate at that moment. In the beginning, he did not see valuable of joining the project but then the team brought him idea that he actually able to use the project as a portfolio for his own employment branding. In this situation, he has lower intrinsic motivation but higher extrinsic
However according K Ranga Krishnan, dean and professor at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, although some people may start out being motivated by external factors, their source of motivation could change to being intrinsic in nature, halfway through their journey for success. For instance, a child could first be motivated to do well in school, by fear of his or her parents, but while the child is studying, he or she could end up having an interest in the subject. The child’s motivations would then change to be individulistic in nature as he or she would want to learn more his or her own satisfaction. Therefore, although one may be inspired by external factors initially, they could shift to being self-motivated. In conclusion, being in a competitive society based on meritocracy such as Singapore and America, whereby every individual is rewarded based on each individual 's performance, there is a tendency to focus on individualistic motivations.
2. EXTERNAL MOTIVATION External motivation is the type of motivation you receive from motivational speakers and by observing the success of other people. In order for you to receive external motivation you have to give yourself time to listen to motivational speeches every day of your life. Read inspirational and motivational books more often to keep motivated. Sometimes motivation may come in a form of discouragement from others.