Extrinsic Motivation In Sports Literature Review

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LITERATURE REVIEW:
Do Athletes who are motivated by intrinsic factors perform better than those who are motivated by the extrinsic factors?
By Reale Currivan
14029584
Word Count (4000)

Introduction
This literature review extensively explores the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on sporting performance. “An accurate understanding of an elite athlete’s motivation is critical to the coach as they can provide the structure and environment to maximise the potential of the athlete” (Mageau, G.A. and Vallerand, R.J., 2003). We will acknowledge and interpret the definitions of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in relation to contemporary research and theory. The term ‘intrinsic motivation’ is, defined as when we act without any obvious external reward. We simply enjoy an activity or see it as an opportunity to explore, learn and actualise our potential. (Coon and Mitter, 2010). Whereas extrinsic motivation is defined as our tendency to perform activities for known external rewards, whether they be tangible (E.g., money) or psychological e.g., praise) in nature (Brown, 2007).
Previous research conducted by (Delci, 1971) showed that when money is presented as a potential prize for carrying out a sporting
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Negative feedback and failure can cause an individual’s intrinsic motivation to decrease whereas positive feedback and success causes an increase in intrinsic motivation. Empirical research supports this as (Bandura and Schunk, 1981) and numerous other authors have carried out studies to support this information. (Deci and Ryan, 1985) Make an account relating to the connection amongst perception of competence and motivation. Circumstances that provide failure feedback produce emotions of incompetence and can undermines ones intrinsic motivation for the activity being carried out. Whereas success can increase ones intrinsic motivation and

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