Gulf Deep-water Oil Spill The Gulf oil spill is considered the worst oil spill and one of the worst environmental disasters in the U.S. history. It was April 20th, 2010, that the Deepwater BP oil rig exploded and penetrated in the Gulf of Mexico sea. The Gulf oil explosion killed 11 workers but most of the impact was on marine species such as turtles, herons, gulls, birds, fishes, and sea mammals. Moreover, 16,000 total miles of coastline have been affected, including the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida due to the release of about 4.9 million barrels of oil into the sea. The BP oil spill continued for 87 days, and even now, oil is still washing up on the shores, which has caused and might cause long-term damage
The BP CSR and Crisis History: Before to the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion, BP encountered numerous disasters and scandals and have a track record of ignoring saftey. The first accident which happened in December 1965, where the BP oil rig Sea Gem while it was being moved and it cost the death of thirteen human lives. Next, on March 23, 2005, BP’s refinery exploded, caught fire in Texas City and 15 workers has died. Later BP was under the lawsuits from the victim’s families and charged with criminal violations of federal environmental laws. One year later, an oil spill in Alaska caused pipeline to corrode badly.
US postal service came up with a series of stamps that are written an environmental message, the, "save our cities, save our air, save our soil and save our water". Keeping alive these issues of environmental disaster and the need for national legislation were the events themselves and the media really jumped on one after another. In the 1970s, there was the 3-mile island accident which is essentially a nuclear reactor that came very close to having a meltdown in Pennsylvania. Due to some errors and a malfunction they released radioactivity into the air and over several days they planted thousands of gallons of radioactive water into the Saxton’s river. Children and pregnant women were evacuated and all sorts of reports of disability in children followed the years of events there.
While the Northridge earthquake was happening Californian people couldn’t predict it (u-s-history.com). The quake went even worse at 4:37 AM, because at this time buildings started to fall down, flood started to come, and some buildings was burnt by fire. At 4:39 AM is the worst situation, because some highways
Essentially, the pipeline will be delivering 470,000 barrels of oil daily along the 1,100 mile stretch (NBC). This highly debated topic has received widespread media coverage as more than 300 native tribes and numerous environmentalist groups have shown support for the Rock Sioux Tribe in 40 different states (Yubanet). Construction for the Dakota Access Pipeline should be permanently halted due to its imminent contamination of clean water, it’s disrespect to tribal land, and its causation of unnecessary violence towards protesters. Consequently, when reviewing the
To what extent did the 2011 tohoku earthquake in Japan affect their livelihoods? Introduction: In March 11, 2011, the underwater earthquake occurred in pacific Ocean off the coast of Honshu, which is Japan’s main Island. This caused a huge destructive earthquakes and tsunami to Japan. It is called Great Sendai Earthquake or Great Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami. The Tsunami and earthquake had damaged northeastern part of Japan where it’s called Tohoku with the tsunami waves that had climbed up to over a 100 feet.
Which 40% of the houses, farms, livestock are destroyed during Valdivia earthquakes, also they are 1,655 people dead, 3,000 injured, 2,000,000 homeless and $550 million damage. So for the Alaska earthquake, are also known as the Great Alaskan Earthquake, the Portage Earthquake and the Good Friday Earthquake. This earthquakes is a largest earthquake that happened in North America and the second most powerful earthquake recorded in history. Which the earthquakes event are killed 131 people, and 119 people are die because of tsunami while this damage are cost $311 million in 1964
The main shock occurred beneath the eastern half of Tanzawa Mountain (mountain range in the Kanto region). Japan is located on the conjunction point of four main tectonic plates; the North American, Pacific, and Philippine Plate. The epicentre of the Kanto Earthquake was under Sagami bay, a beach south of central japan. This earthquake also caused fires amongst The houses, resulting in a firestorm that killed 38,000 people in just 15 minutes. Large earthquakes such as this one usually occur at or near plate boundaries, meaning Japan is very prone to earthquakes.
In San Francisco on April 18, 1906 at about 5:13 am a HUGE earthquake hit recorded as a 7.7-7.9 . Damaging buildings from left to right. Many poorly structured buildings collapsed causing 500 million dollars in total damage (1906 money) translated to about 8.2 billion dollars today. It was recorded that most buildings immediately caught fire which trapped the victims, about 25,000 buildings were burnt down from the fire, a total of about 490 blocks.At around 8:14 a Major aftershock hit making even more damaged building collapse. The earthquake and fires in San Francisco were recorded to be the worst natural disaster in U.S. history.
It involves high-pressure injections of water and chemicals into rock formations, which in turn release natural gas (Thompson, “Hydraulic Fracturing Should Be Banned”). However, fracking can result in many negative outcomes. For instance, scientists who conducted the earthquake study for Geology discovered that not only did fracking cause the biggest earthquake in Oklahoma, but it also caused more earthquakes in states that hardly experienced any seismic activity (“Wastewater Injection Spurred Biggest Earthquake Yet, Says Study,” The Earth Institute Columbia University). In fact, quakes have hit so frequently in Oklahoma, that state and oil regulators decided to shut down five disposal wells due to the increasing number of earthquakes in a city named Cushing (“Oil Regulators Shut Down Two Disposal Wells After Earthquakes Near Cushing”, State Impact: NPR). If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future.
In recent years there has been a big issue on fracking in Oklahoma. This is an issue that only continues to get worse. The oil company, , by residents has been blamed for many of these earthquakes. Within the past month, there have been more and more issues. In Edmond Oklahoma, there was a big earthquake, which provoked residents to sue the company for $28 million in damages.
By the end of September during Hurricane Katrina, “it 's estimated that EMAC has coordinated 12.843 troops and more than 8.900 civilians. Personnel and equipment come into the devastated area from all over the country, as well as Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands” (Bell, 2006, p. 26). 2005 brought the largest national response to natural disasters. Hurricane’s Katrina and Rita affected numerous states. The states affected were unable to help themselves, as would be responders were now victims.
Hurricane Katrina shift the position of the Department of Homeland Security from making natural disasters an equally as important as terrorism. This even showed that disaster planning requires a great deal of collaboration. The Department of Homeland Security who swallowed up FEMA where not quick to react to Hurricane Katrina because all their focus was spend on planning for a prevent terrorist attacks. The failure of the disaster response system resulted in over 1,200 lives lost in Louisiana and Mississippi. FEMA failed to work closely with its State and local counterparts and communications between these partners and the public were strained at best.