Deepwater Horizon spill (MBR) This devastating event began the 20 of April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. it took away with it eleven lives and injuring seventeen more it is considered the largest oil spill ever in the history of the petroleum industry. For about 87 days there was a sea-floor oil gusher, until the 15 of July
Chris Woodford (Water Pollution: an Introduction 1) explains “Each year, the world generates perhaps 5–10 billion tons of industrial waste, much of which is pumped untreated into rivers, oceans, and other waterways.” Radioactive wastes and oil spills affect the wildlife living in these areas in great ways. In 1989, Exxon Valdez created one of the biggest oil spills in United States waters. Around 12 million gallons (44 million liters) of oil were released into the pristine wilderness, enough to fill your living room over 800 times. Around 1,000-28,000 sea
After 87 days of the accident, it was estimated that 3.19 million barrels of oil had leaked into the Gulf. In addition, according to Reuters (2015), the explosion as well causes the increasing death of dophins and sea turtles from the year 2010 to 2011, averaging greater than 200 after the
“Initial reports of casualties following the tsunami put the death toll in the hundreds, with hundreds more missing. The numbers in both categories increased dramatically in the following days as the extend of the devastation-especially in coastal areas…Within two weeks of the disaster, the Japanese government’s official count of deaths had exceeded 10,000; more than one and a half time that number were stilled listed as missing and presumed dead” (John P. Rafferty & Kenneth Pletcher). The tsunami is cause of the Japanese have died because there was a nuclear meltdown that cause the radiation of the nuclear in the air cause the people in the area to have health problems “The combined total of confirmed deaths and missing is more than 22,000 (nearly 20,000 deaths and 2,500 missing). Deaths were caused by the initial earthquake and tsunami and by post-disaster health conditions” (CNN Library by Japan’s Fire and Disaster Management Agency). The tsunami cause the power plants to have a nuclear meltdown because it causes so much destruction in the coastlines that it disrupted the power plants, “The reactors at the three nuclear power plants closest to the quake’s epicenter where shut down automatically following the temblor, which also cut the main power to those plants and their cooling systems.
However this particular process has created a huge drawback for the environment. One of the major reasons of banning offshore drilling is air pollution where the emission of methane gas could cause environmental factors. Therefore, the drills that are used to drill into the seabed and as well as the burn-off of gases can cause a very high amount of carbon emissions (CH4) to be put into the atmosphere. This impacts our environment and further contributes to the growing global warming problem. Thus, without factoring in the air pollution from its end product or the refinement process, the oil platforms themselves have an impact on local air quality and globally on climate change.
US postal service came up with a series of stamps that are written an environmental message, the, "save our cities, save our air, save our soil and save our water". Keeping alive these issues of environmental disaster and the need for national legislation were the events themselves and the media really jumped on one after another. In the 1970s, there was the 3-mile island accident which is essentially a nuclear reactor that came very close to having a meltdown in Pennsylvania. Due to some errors and a malfunction they released radioactivity into the air and over several days they planted thousands of gallons of radioactive water into the Saxton’s river. Children and pregnant women were evacuated and all sorts of reports of disability in children followed the years of events there.
Some of these diseases are fatal and some of them are hereditary. “Hundreds of local people reported a variety of symptoms and signs that were similar to the symptoms reported almost a decade later by residents of Pripet, the town adjacent to Chernobyl where another nuclear meltdown occurred and the release of radiation was much greater than that at Three Mile Island. These symptoms included nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding from the nose, a metallic taste in the mouth, hair loss, and a red skin rash. These are the typical signs and symptoms of acute radiation sickness…” (Caldicott, n.d., p. T68) Thousands of people lost their lives because of these
Negative Effects of Ocean Pollution “Each day, oil used to lubricate engines and to power the vessel leaks into the ocean” (Wroble 44). When the residue enters the ocean, it begins to affect the environment and animals. This is just one of the many problems from ocean pollution. “According to Worldwatch research associate Peter Weber, 80 to 90 percent of all of the materials dumped at sea are dredgings...dredgings are rich in toxic chemicals...from nonpoint sources” (Wroble 49). One particular chemical that affects the oceans are Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCBs.
Most of this was to the manufacturing industry, as seven major industrial estates were inundated by as much 3 meters (10 feet) during the floods. Disruptions to manufacturing supply chains affected regional automobile production and caused a global shortage of hard disk drives, which is expected to last throughout 2012. Thailand is one of the major agricultural countries, the largest exporter of rice. It is estimated that agriculture employs up to 49% of the population and contributes 10% of GDP. Having about 3,200 kilometres of coastline, tourism and fishery become the backbone industry of Thailand.
In 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico the largest oil spill that has ever happened occured. Not only did this spill cost 61.1 billion, but it hurt several humans and animals. A total of 11 workers died from the fatal explosion, and many marine mammals were washing up onto the shore dead. Scientist started to study the animals and noticed many were underweight, and started to develop many diseases caused by the oil spill. A grand total of 200 million gallons of oil was spilled into the Gulf of Mexico within 87 days.