The Exxon Valdez oil spill was a costly event that affected not only the people and company involved but also the environment. It costed the company billions of dollars in damages. The once serene Prince William Sound is changed forever. The disastrous event of the Exxon Valdez oil spill happened on March 24, 1989. The Exxon Valdez was traveling through the Prince William Sound, located on the northernmost part of the Gulf of Alaska that borders the Chugach National Forest, when it struck the Bligh Reef (Liszka 1-30).
Each of these phenomenon’s has left families broken, nations ruined and history wrongly changed. Because environmental, weather- related disasters and war have claimed the lives of many people, these events have had the greatest impact in history Some environmental disasters include oil spills and explosions. The Exxon Valdez was a cargo ship, carrying 1,264,155 barrels of oil, which ran ashore Bligh Reef, in March 1989. Over 200 miles of land was enveloped in oil and stretched about 1,300 miles across the shore line. Not only were thousands of fish, sea otters and bird remains found but billions of dollars were consumed in the cleaning up process.
Many believe that this is the causation of many earthquakes that have occurred in the last years. Water contaminations are a possible risk of fracking. With all the chemicals used for oil fracking, it could cause harm the human body. Although it provides many jobs and gives us oil and natural gas, there are many factors of fracking that has harmed the environment. Oil fracking, also known as hydraulic fracking or hydrofracking, has been used for roughly 65 years to get natural gas.
In 2010, there was a catastrophe of Oil Spill in Mexico and it bigly affected individuals ' lives and species in the ocean. A seaward British BP Oil rig broke and spilled around 30,000, 40,000, and 60,000 barrels a day for more than 2 months. This was a catastrophe for nature and for a huge number of individuals. The occurrence that happened on April, 2010 has put a major effect on individuals ' lives. The affliction of Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico was in the middle of life and passing on the grounds that the conductor did not check for wellbeing first.
It also killed 250 bald eagles, 22 killer whales, and countless salmon and herring. Finally, Prince William Sound has still not recovered more than 25 years later. It is still possible to find oil, and some species are not recovering. This includes the herring, pigeon guillemots, and the Killer Whale Pod AT1. Since the Exxon Valdez oil spill was so devastating to the environment, is is a sign of why humans need to change their energy
As the city was pumped dry, the sheer level and scope of damage became an insurance and federal aid minefield for many residents. A team was assembled by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDI) to examine its urban design, energy security, coastal protection, toxic waste, public health and global warming. They were in place to present practices and course of actions to take in order to protect Gulf Coast Residents. Financial, emotional and health factors made every Katrina survivor’s recovery story different and each factor created unique problems for those individuals and their families. Insurance scams and contractor fraud made many people weary and distrustful regarding the rebuilding efforts and is one of many contributing factors to why many former residents have not returned to New Orleans.
Also the price increases because the companies and employees that produced the oil were displaced and missing. “There are tens of thousands of our employees who live in the area. In many cases, our companies are still trying to track down their own employees, which, of course, affects our ability to recover. Many people have lost properties or loved ones, and have other and bigger issues to deal with”
Bacteria and metals spread through the floodwaters, and the storm destroyed acres of forestry while leaving the Gulf Coast highly polluted with crude oil. According to Gale, “An estimated 6.5 million gallons of crude oil, as well as fuel from cars, boats, gas stations, and households, was spilled… Floodwaters also tested positive for E. Coli bacteria and heavy metals… The coastal marshes, which act as a natural barrier and protect the coastline from tidal surge, were also destroyed” (Gale). The oil spill, which was considered to be one of the worst oil spills in the country’s history, significantly destroyed the biodiversity of the Gulf Coast: beaches, marine animals, and marshlands that protected the coast from storm surges as a natural barrier. The spill of tons of industrial waste and raw sewage in the floodwaters contributed to the existence of E. coli and heavy metals, which had heavy impact on the heath conditions of the residents of the area. The storm also damaged about 1.3 million acres (5,300 km²) of forestland, 14.6 million cords (52,900,000 m³) of paperwood, and 3.2 billion board feet (7,600,000 m³) of sawtimber in Mississippi.
The September 11 attack on the Twin Towers ; 9/11 was one of the most devastating incidents that ever happened in modern history. This attack killed 2,996 people and injured almost 6000 others. The US Government announced that this attack was organised by an Islamic terrorist group called Al-Qaeda headed by Osama Bin Laden. But is that completely true? Some people believe that the Twin Towers collapsed over various reasons like George Bush, the former owner of an oil company called Arbusto Energy was connected to Bin Laden as he was an investor in the oil company and that George Bush knew this attack will take place all along.Why would George Bush do that to his people?
The change of morality of guards in Zimbardo’s experiment and learners in Milgram’s experiment can relate to Ozick’s interpretation of the negative effects of war on people’s morality by showing how Stella took Magda’s shawl and how the soldiers mistreat Magda. Ozick shows how “Stella took the shawl away and made Magda die”, in order for Stella to survive (Ozick 899). Ozick perfectly uses Stella to show the readers that even kinship can be broken during war time. People only care for themselves during war because it is the only way for outlasting. Although Stella was older than Magda “a thin girl of fourteen”, she can’t conquer her feelings of jealously of Magda.
In Edmond Oklahoma, there was a big earthquake, which provoked residents to sue the company for $28 million in damages. Fracking has changed daily Oklahoman’s lives, from their property to their income. Fracking History In 1907, when the first oil well was drilled, which was before statehood, the abundance of oil seemed to draw everyone to Oklahoma, to make a small fortune in oil. Tulsa, Oklahoma, which was once dubbed the oil capital of the world, has a small structure still dedicated to its oil days, the Golden Driller, pictured below. Before 2009 Oklahoma went from 2 earthquakes a year, To 2 a day.
The discovery of huge amount of oil in Texas affected the economy as well as many aspects of daily life. For the Texans, the 20th century began on Jan. 10, 1901 when the Lucas No. 1 well blew in at thte Spindletop near Beaumont, a hill which was formed by a giant underground dome of salt in southeastern Texas. With that dramatic event, Texas ' economy was changed from its rural, agricultural roots into the petroleum and industrial age. The discovery at the Spindletop fueled a revolution in transportation and transformed Texas into an industrial giant like never before.
However, the discovery of oil in Texas helped them tremendously. While white men worked in the oil field, domestic work was done by the African-Americans and Mexican-Americans. Not only did the oil boom create jobs, but it also significantly increased wages. In fact, when Wilsie Lee McKinney explained her decision to come to West Texas, she said this: “I could make one dollar per hour for domestic work... So if I worked ten hours that day, I had ten dollars.
The public turned on them almost unanimously, but would have had been less likely to attack and ostracize BP if they had simply accepted the blame that the world had already laid on their shoulders as their own. Hayward also avoided the reduction of offense strategy; for, he appeared to fully admit the harm caused by the spill to the local environment, wildlife and economy. His only failing in this regard was to attribute blame to BP. BP failed to correctly judge the situation or correctly predict the level of public outcry resulting from the environmental harm done. Mr. Hayward claimed “to fully grasp the terrible reality of the situation” (Hayward 2005).
Thousands of jobs were created by this new industrialization and North Dakota’s economy is flourishing. But, aside from the benefits that the industry has brought, the oil boom, and the widespread use of hydraulic fracturing, has exposed many underlying issues. With the population rising, crime rates have soared; there are more burglaries, rapes and drug trafficking than the state has ever seen. But the issues don’t stop there: the controversial practice of fracking has come under fire as evidence points to fracking as the cause for both harmful air and water contamination. The effects of fracking have not only affected the people living in the North Dakota oil-towns, but also the animals, and the flora and fauna that have been gravely impacted as well.