Consequently, when interrogators go into interviews believing the suspect is guilty, it brings on intense amounts of stress, putting suspects at a higher risk to crack under pressure. E. This increased pressure brought on by misclassified interrogations cause innocent suspects to feel so much stress they confess to a crime they did not commit. F. Misclassified errors are just one way suspects feel their only option is to give a false confession in order escape the pressure in the interrogation room. II. Other psychological tactics, such as coercion, are used in the interrogation room to attempt to get a confession out of someone interrogators believe are guilty.
We tend to mistake or confuse people in our daily lives, if one witnesses a crime are they most likely to remember what happened and recognize who did it? Memory can be easily deceived and we can create false memories. In psychology, there are numerous studies that focus on memory and on how accurately someone is able to recall a crime and the perpetrator. For instance, Elizabeth Loftus (1974) comes in mind when we talk about eyewitness testimonies and how the leading questions influence what we remember about an incident. Sometimes misinformation that is given to us can alter what we recall from the incident.
The first step of the Reid Technique, a similar coercive technique to the one Inbau devised, was to watch the suspect and determine whether or not he or she is lying during the interrogation based on behavioral analysis; which is severely flawed and does not actually help us determine if someone is lying. The police then determine if the suspect is guilty and continuously interrogate, accuse, and even threaten the suspect for hours until they confess, whether they are guilty or not. On many occasions the people who are coerced into false confessions are have severe mental impairments that prevent them from functioning as a normal person with out the impairments would.
The bystander effect supplies individuals with guilt and mental damage, when realizing the power they had to intervene. This can be prevented with the help of awareness to grab and open the minds of all people. Likewise, the Kitty Genovese murder sparked a wave of realization within the nation. Unfortunately, many victims of the bystander effect have fell into denia in order to numb their own regret. These people say that their actions were inflicted by the other bystanders around them.
This number is only going to get worse if our current legal system doesn't do anything to fix it. One major problem with our current legal system is the abuse of victims false confessions. Many victims are starting to give false confessions for a crime they were charged with. A research study from Brandon
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The thing that caught my eye on this Article was how many people are relied on for their testamony in a trial. The reason i chose this is becasue I have done a research of my own about how the system and wronful convictions based on that one eyewitness. I wanted to read it to see what others had to say. Several have been convicted of crimes that they did not do because an eyewitness stated that they were the one that did it.They seen it happen. With studies doen the witness developesfalse memories(Huffman & Sanderson 2014).
Again the MMPI-2’s use is to determine validly in ones testimony. In many cases, an individual may “fake good” or “fake bad” to gain more compassion in a case where personal injury/lose is otherwise allocated. “One situation often encountered is one in which the litigants produce extremely defensive profiles, that is, deny psychological problems in order to produce a “credible” physical problem” (Butcher, 1990). According to Ben-Porath and Graham and Hall and Hirschman and Zaragoza (1995),… psychopathology and personality evaluation, psychologist are being asked more frequently to serve as witness in the court to provide expert opinion…..whether the basis of an individual’s psychological claims is credible; whether current or past adjustment problems that a litigant might have experienced could have an impact on the current claim; whether an individual might be experiencing documentable and disabling stress-related symptoms; and whether the symptoms an individual is reporting could be attributed to lifelong chronic
The leaders deceive the members into believing that they belong and give them that feeling of being wanted. However, once the leaders have drawn them in enough, they demand all mental devotion or there will be consequences. Another researcher describes that if Ron [cult leader] felt like verbally harassing a member for not obeying or just simple because he was able to, he would and this was done by making he/she stand in front of a crowd and proclaiming what was wrong with that member (Gard). This statement proves that psychological abuse is real threat among religious cults. This is taken from an ex-cult member/ mental abuse survivor 's real account, and he states that this is just the beginning of the abuse.
Power can be extremely corruptive. When a person is given a certain amount of power they start to feel like they can do anything they’d like with it, and many tend to abuse of it. Zimbardo talks about how people are most likely to do “evil” when they are given power without the responsibility of the damage it will make. During an experiment, one person was chosen to be a teacher and the other a student, the teacher had to shock the student when they’d get the answer wrong and reward them if correct. During this experiment the more wrong answers, the shock would increase.