Police work is a hazardous employment, and police are more than prone to be put into circumstances when extreme compel is needed. But, occasionally police utilize over the top constrain for their very own reasons, for example, prejudice. The issue of cops utilizing unreasonable constrain could be an extraordinary concern, however it should be investigated by both the police and general society. Since a few officers utilize inordinate compel in circumstances when it is not required, police severity ought to be tended to. Some may feel as though over the top drive is required when managing the alleged criminal.
There are many reasons for an innocent to confess to a crime that she or he hasn 't commit. The most frequent ones are fear of abuse, coercion, ignorance of the law or even fatigue after a long interrogation. Apart from the mentally ill, there is another group that unfortunately is very easy to be manipulated into confessing for something they didn 't do, juveniles. Young children or adolescents are very vulnerable population as they cannot yet understand or analyze efficiently the situation they are in. That is why there are cases where the police officer would take advantage of this fact and through the power of intimidation, violence, and fear have manage to obtain false confessions from underage suspects.
One of the main issues of the Psychopathic Checklist (PCL-R) is that it is very subject and therefore can be easily misused. Although any test can be misused, the Psychopathic Checklist (PCL-R) has a higher risk of being misused due to its extreme subjectivity. A psychologist did investigate the issue of misusing the Psychopathic Checklist (PCL-R) and found two real-life examples of such incidents (Edens, 2001; Edens et al., 2001). Mental health experts play an important role in many cases involving suspects with antisocial personality behaviour. Therefore, it is important that issues such as adversarial allegiance, conformation bias and the impact of the traits, culture and background of the evaluator has on the outcome of the test are discussed in the
Memory Distortions Memories are not an exact record of events, so having an eyewitness to report a scenario is very risky. Most eyewitnesses have a vibe that just screams ‘Trust me, I was there!’ Thus, memory distortions usually occur when the witnesses remember a scenario differently than the events that occurred. Take the scenario in which two police officers come to two different conclusions based on different witness reports; both witnesses had different views of what had happened before the accident leading to the two officers having a distorted outcome. There are several different factors that may distort one 's memories, two important ones that are scene in these forms of events are the misinformation effect and the serial-position effect. Both play a role when referring to the
First they try to find out the criminal’s motive, the reason why they would need to commit the crime. Then they work their way to the characteristics of the criminal and look at their distinct personalities (Costanzo & Krauss, 2015). Profiling is not a science, and it can create more problems than solutions if the information that is put out to the public is too general. I also believe that considering how much the results depend on the profilers thought process, this could be hampered by their own prejudices and life
Police misconduct denotes to illegal or inappropriate actions that police officers take in association with their formal obligations (Palmiotto, 2001). It can lead to an injustice and at times involves the obstruction of justice or discrimination. In a bid to regulate police misconduct, a fast-tracking trend for citizen agencies to go past the review to take part in investigations directly and have more input into disciplinary choices exist. With the increase in mobile devices that can record alleged misconduct, prosecution bodies, in some jurisdictions, are leveraging current spying laws to indict civilians, while, in other situations, police will unlawfully delete or seize evidence (Palmiotto, 2001). In this paper we will see the cause and effect of police misconduct leading to civilian complaint review board, and what resolutins are addressed in law enforcement departments and agencies throughout America.
On top of physical and psychological effects, victims may also face more suffering from secondary victimization. Secondary victimization is victimization caused through inappropriate institutions and people like family, the media, and the justice system. For example, people who suffered from sexual assault may be shunned by family, friends, and society in general. They may also make them feel as if the assault was their fault by making them believe that they caused or provoked the attack. Victimization can result in these and many other harms.
Another form of unethical police abuse is spying, also known as information gathering. Spying is a challenging abuse tactic to monitor or fix because it is a secret activity which makes those who participate in it all the more unethical. The victim does not know it 's happening, and it is goes unwitnessed. One way to try and stop spying or extreme information gathering is to limit the information police have access to. All information that is allowed to be collected may only be done so if that person is a reasonable suspect of having committed a crime, and the information must be relevant to that crime.
And that 's where it starts, one officer might abuse someone or intimidate them unnecessarily, then he feels good about himself because people fear him, often one bad officer will end up causing more in that same department. The same with officers that skim drugs from a large bust, the same goes for police brutality and their abuse of force and authority they are given. The question of how to get rid of police brutality is a difficult one, but the problem is a true reality, as sad as it is, it is becoming a public safety and health crisis. It seems that more and more police officers are being accused and charged with crimes regarding their abuse of
If it were not for profiling, I believe that only seeing an actual crime in progress, such as actually witnessing a man snatch a womens purse. As well as people who match the description of a someone on a “wanted” flyer, people who are loitering or acting strangely such as emotional, angry, intoxicated and etc. In addition to the above, if it were not for profiling other reasons that would constitute a reason for a stop by a police would include officers being in a high-crime area as well a witness people running away or engaging in a discreet manner such as attempting to avoid notice or attention. The proof required for a Terry stop includes reasonable suspicion by the officer to believe that a crime is “afoot” (pg. 344), or in other words
Eyewitness Identification & Wrongful Conviction Introduction According to Matlin (2013), eyewitness testimonies can be inaccurate for a few reasons including the inability to pick a person from another ethnic group, issues with memory schemas, and being influenced by someone else 's recall of the facts. Therefore, eyewitness testimony is not always the most reliable when faced with trying to place a suspect at the scene of a crime. Wrongful convictions can happen when an eyewitness recalls memories and details that are not their own or in cases where the person seems familiar to the eyewitness but not because they committed a crime. Summary It was informative and interesting to read "Safeguards against wrongful conviction in eyewitness
Offender profiling it’s used to analyze crime scenes such as how was it committed the behavior and predicting characteristic of the criminal. It is not as effective because some things are hard to predict such as physical characteristic, but the possible chance that criminals have certain personality characteristics such as mental illness, which most of them have different symptoms could help know some more about the offender. It is not always effective due to unsuccessful cases such as the criminal changing its motive or change geographical pattern. It is a big help to recognize and know more about the suspect. Some dangers in using offender profiling is that a wrong suspect might be captured instead of the one predicted.
Stop and Frisk can be a very slippery slope for anyone to process the idea of someone committing a crime from observation. Sometime people can look like they are committing a crime. However, “who’s to say that the person isn’t mentally ill or playing a prank”. Somehow, we don’t know for sure but on the other hand maybe we should question the person that looks suspicious. I’m truly not a fan of “Stop and Frisk” because many lives have been taking for bad
Restorative justice offers the process for those affected by criminal behaviour such as the victims, offenders and families to take part in resolving the issues. According to some of the proponents of the restorative justice, crime is wrong not because it is an offence against the society. However, it is a wrong as it is a violation of a person by another person.