It does not always end up in a single judgment. The judge is the person who makes final decision though jury has own judgment. Before reaching the sentence, the criminal justice process undergoes commencement of proceedings, appearance in court, bail hearing (also called interim release hearing), preliminary inquiry (also called preliminary hearing) and trial. The time given to prove innocence is a strongest point in the criminal justice process. In this case, in justice of the victims (two deceased persons) who were murdered, the eye-witness and the knife with blood matches found in Mr. James Lane’s residence are biggest evidence which make the accused to be found guilty.
Popenoe said that ‘white blood in black people improved their intelligence’ yet had no real evidence of this other than claiming those with lighter skin performed better in the tests. Critical approaches may criticise that theory as it presents stereotypes and racism as natural, whereas critical psychologists say they are constructed through
Many people may not report counts of sexual assaults to police; however, they are seeking relief from consulting organizations. According to the Regina Sexual Assault Centre, concerns of how police investigate sexual assault are directly the result of the consistent underreporting of sexual assaults(Latimer, 2017). Furthermore, the way police handle such delicate cases has come into question. A lack of faith in an authority figure can make is very difficult for victims of sexual assault to report the crime. This lack in faith is reinforced by the unlikelihood of convicting the attacker.
The accused cannot be sent to the gallows without their crime being proven with sufficient and concrete evidence. The court rejects the petition that says Elizabeth Proctor is of good character, signed by the people attesting to it. It was instead viewed as an attack against the court. There are also multiple instances where the court relies upon the girls ' visions and prosecuted people because of it. The court has absolutely no right to decide a man 's fate upon falsified claims without a logical and sensible way of examining the allegations.
Criminal psychologist utilizes the data from the crime scene to reach the result about the individual's nature, which carried out the crime. The conclusions must offer the answers to the questions such as, how was the wrongdoing arranged, or would it say it was impulsive, under strong emotional circumstances? What is the estimated age of the crime? Is the criminal liable to live near the crime scene or will he visit again? What is the sex of the offender?
When one is victim of or witness to a crime, it is expected that said person is brought into the police department to be questioned by the police. During this line of questioning it is possible that the victim or witness take part in suspect identification procedures. Such procedures include the use of lineups, showups, photo arrays and others. These procedures are referred to as system variables. These system variables are factors under the control of the investigators that have a demonstrated effect on the accuracy and reliability of eyewitness testimony.
This essay draws conclusions as to which method the legal system should implement. The showup is a suggestive procedure. A show-up is an identification procedure in which, the police present a single suspect to an eyewitness, then ask the eyewitness whether the suspect is the perpetrator. The showup is suggestive because the witness views the suspect, whilst the suspect are in police custody.
1 page of how you know something is credible or not when talking about evidence in the courtroom In the courtroom a lie can send someone to their death. With this in mind it is very important that a jury member can identify whether a witness, or piece of evidence is credible. Many instances of bad evidence or false witnesses have been recorded in the history of law, so we must make an effort so that no more people get charged for crimes they did not commit. It may come to surprise many people that a witness testimony might not always be accurate. There are are many reasons for this as witnesses may “change”their memory when they are revealed new information about the crime.
First they try to find out the criminal’s motive, the reason why they would need to commit the crime. Then they work their way to the characteristics of the criminal and look at their distinct personalities (Costanzo & Krauss, 2015). Profiling is not a science, and it can create more problems than solutions if the information that is put out to the public is too general. I also believe that considering how much the results depend on the profilers thought process, this could be hampered by their own prejudices and life
Part 1 Explain the process of competency restoration. According to Hubbard, Zapf, & Ronan, (2003), “Competency restoration is the process used when an individual charged with a crime is found by a court to be incompetent to stand trial, typically due to an active mental illness or an intellectual disability.” Before the legal process can continue, a suspect should be restored to competency. That gives the suspect the chance to consult with his or her defense lawyer to have a factual and rational understanding of the legal proceedings.
Do you yearn to get into the deranged minds of criminals like the infamous Jeffrey Dahmer? When you become a highly trained doctor of forensic psychology, you get to do the job of the hit T.V show characters Dr. Huang from Law & Order: SVU and Dr. Reid from Criminal Minds. Police, judges, juries, and lawyers are all unable to determine if felons are mentally insane or fit for trial, nor are they able to counsel victims. However, the recently sought-after study of forensic psychology is able to consolidate the divide between legal matters and the mental processes of these criminals. Become part of a field that is recognized as one of the most undeniably important parts of today 's legal system by becoming a forensic psychologist (Watchel).
The criminal justice system depends majorly on eyewitness identification for investigating and prosecuting crimes. Psychologists have been the only ones who have warned the justice system of problems with eyewitness identification evidence. Recent DNA exoneration cases have corrupted the warnings of eyewitness identification researchers by showing that mistaken eyewitness identification was the largest factor contributing to the conviction of many innocent people eyewitness testimonies are not reliable therefor you would assume they would be taken out of court, but instead
Arthur Radley should receive a guilty conviction of second degree murder, because not only is there medical evidence and key witnesses, but his past record has shown he is prone to recklessness. Although, Arthur Radley did a courageous act of bravery in trying to protect the children, there were other ways to prevent Mr. Ewell from hurting the minors. Mr Ewell’s ill intentions and previous malicious actions have shown he needed to punished but not without a trial and a jury. With both the physical proof and the testimonies it is quite obvious what happened and who committed the crime. Without searching for reasons Arthur Radley killed a man in cold blood and should receive a guilty conviction.
There are many reasons for wrongful convictions, in the cases of Ronald Cotton, Christopher Abernathy, and Marvin Anderson, the main evidence that led up to their convictions were eyewitness testimonies. It is sad that people waste so many years of their lives due to false misconstrued information. Therefore, eyewitness testimonies should not be sufficient evidence to make a case. Fortunately, there have been innocent people exonerated and released from prison thanks to DNA testing. People should be cautious when making an eyewitness testimony, they should make sure that they are 100% sure that they are picking the right person.
Are You Sure? Why have more than two-thousand people exonerated for crimes they didn’t commit? Eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions in the U.S. Memory can be influenced by anxiety, stress, reconstructive memory and other factors possibly affecting the testimony of the eyewitness and in turn, misleading the jury. I think that when subjects witness a crime they will struggle to remember important details of the event, and their recollection could be easily altered. This is because the reconstructive memory can be influenced by factors such as stress, anxiety, and verbal cues.