They may have characteristics of other mannerisms as well. They are considered the personality they have been branded, because these are their strongest traits. In personal experience, taking the 16 personalities test (based on Myers-Briggs personality theory) I received the personality type ESFJ-T (NERIS, 2018). I then took Jung’s personality test (Humanmetrics, 2018). The results were similar, but in Jung’s test I had characteristics of an ESTJ and ESFJ (ESTJ stands for Extravert, Sensing, Thinking, Judging and represents individual 's preferences in four dimensions characterizing personality type, according to Jung 's and Briggs Myers ' theories of personality type).
Introduction The personality perspective has been described by many theorists in order to explain behaviors behind a functioning person. There has been legendary theorists’ underlying this perspective, with different views and observations of understanding personalities exceptionally well. Regardless of lack of prominence in some approaches, their terminology and ideas still influence psychology today (Meyer, 2008). Only the two theories of Carl Rogers and Victor Frankl have been applied in the case study of Thapelo and Lerato. The Carl Rogers theory of the self-concept will explain the development and structure of personality, whereas Victor Frankl’s theory will explain the meaning of life as a dynamic of personality.
Eysenck’s theory of personality focused on temperaments that where controlled by genetic influences. Eysenck is famously known for his works in personality, intelligence, psychiatry, differential psychology and also built up a personality questionnaire known as “Eysenck personality Questionnaire”. Physiology and genetics where a mainly relevant in his theory he also believed personality differences grow out of our genetic inheritance. He believed that personality is based by biology and he viewed people as having two specific personality dimensions: extroversion vs. introversion and neuroticism vs. stability. He later added a third-dimension psychoticism vs. socialization.
Extraversion is one of the fundamental dimension of personality (Costa & McCrae, 1992a; Digman, 1990; Eysenck & Himmelweit, 1947; Goldberg, 1990; Norman, 1963), it is used to explain the wide variety of behaviours which is the main concern of personality (Funder, 2001). Extraversion is relative to view the world more in a positive way and give judgements to events more in positive way (Uziel, 2006). There are many factors that affect the facets of extraversion. The hereditary genes of the individuals can affect their personality of being extravert, their brain function and structure is also a factor. Another one is the birth-order of the individual .This birth-order theory was proposed by Sulloway (1996) in his book Born to Rebel where he used his five mechanism that affects birth-order.
The Psychoanalytic Theory represents one of the most sweeping contributions to the field of personality. This theory proposes that our childhood experiences and unconscious desires influence our behavior (Talvitie, 2012). William Ford Gibson an American-Canadian writer once wrote, "When you want to know how things really work, study them when they 're coming apart.” The Psychoanalytic theory consists mainly of using methods to bring out unconscious material that needs work on. Understanding as well as establishing that there are all sorts of forces that affect one life which attribute in making us into the individuals that we are at present. Recognizing the division of personality in the,”ID”Ego”, and Super ego and that the unconscious is an important part of who we are and noting that anxiety plays a big function in how one reacts to the world at large and highlighting Freud’s theory on defense mechanism to help one cope with such anxieties.
Next, I will evaluate how my personality type affect my motivation. Finally, I will consider the steps I can take to increase my strengths and build my weaknesses based upon my new learned knowledge. Personality Test The Jung Typology test revealed that I have an Extraverted iNtuitive Feeling Judging (ENFJ) personality type. As an ENFJ type, we are known to be charismatic, nurturing, caring, and dream believers. We are also known to have great influence and ability to manipulate others with their interpersonal skills and distinctive salesmanship (Humanmetrics Inc., 2018).
Carl Jungʼs theory of psychological types was inspired by his differences with Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler. Jung thought that individual’s personality type influenced the kind of ideas they put forward. Psychological Types, Jungʼs famous work on theory of personality, was published in German in 1921 and English in 1923. In his book, there were several short pieces written by him on this topic throughout the 1920s and 1930s along with various seminars and other writings contain typological commentary and information in which his typology was presented as a theory of consciousness. In the context, he rejected the classical temperaments as they were about affects.
Sigmund Freud's Theory is truly unpredictable and despite the fact that his works on psychosexual improvement set the preparation for how our identities created, it was stand out of five sections to his general hypothesis of identity. He likewise accepted that distinctive main impetuses create amid these stages which assume a critical part by the way we communicate with the world. Maybe Freud's single most persevering and critical thought was that the human mind (identity) has more than one perspective. (Freud 1923) saw the mind organized into three sections, the id, personality and superego, all creating at distinctive stages in our lives. Id, ego, and super ego are the three sections of the psychic device characterized in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the mind; they are the three hypothetical builds regarding whose movement and association our mental life is portrayed.
Personality development operates on multiple levels and can be examined by breaking it down into four different perspectives: traits, psychodynamic, psychoanalytic, or humanistic (phenomenological). In the field of Personality development a lot of studies has been done by different psychologists including Sigmund Freud, Miller, Skinner etc. The different personality theories tried to find explanations for the difference in behavior and personality for different individuals. The trait theory Gordon Allport focuses on the trait of a person. according to this theory a person’s behavior is a function of the traits within her which is genetically controlled and determined and is independent of the surrounding impact.
A review of article and content of Maslow, A.H (1943) “A theory of Human motivation. Psychological review, 50(4), 370-96”, indicates that Maslow’s theory of motivation is called the “hierarchy of needs”. He believed that people have five main needs in the following order of importance:- This Hierarchy of Needs has often been represented in a hierarchical pyramid with five levels as stated above. The four levels (lower-order needs) are considered physiological needs. These tend to be satisfied for most people, but they become predominant when unmet.