F. Herzberg's Theory Of Motivation Analysis

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Management theories are an intrinsic part of today`s business World, because every game has its rules and if you are not aware of how to avoid the obstinacy of workers or how to install the balance in the organization, you will not survive in this sophisticated system. According to F. Herzberg the wrong way of managing people makes them unhappy and miserable at work, unmotivated, what leads to the decrease of the work efficiency and productivity. If you ask your employee about the reasons of that dissatisfaction, you will hear about such things as low salary, annoying bosses and absence of right work conditions. (Herzberg, January 2003). That is the common reason why employees leave their jobs. Poor management and lack of understanding from the employers` side plays a negative role in this game. The reason of failure of a number of managers systems is now easily observed from the results of implementation of modern management theories that improve business 's productivity. Nowadays, a lot of different theories exist, but this essay will focus on two primary: McGregor`s X and Y theories and Herzberg’s theory of “hygiene” factors and motivation, which are both based on Maslow`s “hierarchy of needs”. By the 20th century managers and supervisors, in other words “group leaders”, didn’t have external sources to look for useful information for their work, but thanks to sociologist and phycologists such as F. Herzberg, A. Maslow, D. McGregor and others, people have management

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