F. W. Taylor's Theory Of Scientific Management

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“Principles of Scientific Management”, a famous book by F.W. Taylor, in which principles of industrial organization are suggested and the advantages of an extreme division of labor and mechanization are stressed. Taylor’s theory of scientific management played a very important role in shaping the early twentieth century factory system, both in America and in Europe.

The objective of this paper is to discuss Scientific Management critically. Many researchers developed their theory on the basis of Scientific Management theory, on the other hand, many opposed the theme. The debate on scientific management becomes very animated in America after the Eastern Rate Case (1910–11).

Let’s go with some key points of Scientific Management.

Tailor’s main objective of division of work was to proper utilization of time and human capacity. It is said that, he did not keep attention on employees. “Taylor was criticized on the ground that he was excessively utilitarian and impersonal, paying too little attention to the human element and that in his schemes, wages of labor did not increase in direct proportion to productivity increases. His scientific management was considered to be autocratic or at best paternalistic.”1 Here, paternalistic is described as treatment of fatherly manner sometimes by being stern. Which is not employee favored at all.
“Scientific management reduces worker to the status of a machine by separating the function of thinking from him. The thinking or the
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