Three laws that have shaped and resolved the rights and services available to the students with disabilities will be discussed in this section.Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Act( IDEA )and The Americans Disabilities Act( ADA). The IDEA is the major federal statute providing educational rights to students with disabilities. Even so, two other statutes, Section 504 of the rehabilitation Act and ADA which was modified recently (ADA,2006,2008), also have implication for the disciplinary process when it involves students with disabilities ( Russo & Osborne, 2009). Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act is the first federal civil rights law protecting the rights of persons with disabilities. It mandates
Segregation of Mexican Americans from the dominant Anglo race has been around for many years. Since the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexican Americans have been treated like a second-class race facing racism and segregation. As a result, segregation in the education system affected Mexican American children. An increasing number of Mexican Americans across California led to an increase of Mexican children enrolling in schools. Author David James Gonzales (2017), explores the degrading school facilities Mexican students were assigned to.
California was the opposition to Brown v. Board of education. The case of Bakke v. California was about a student named Alan Bakke. He was rejected from the school he applied to because of few registry spots in the school. Then, it was publicly known that the school kept 16 registry spots reserved for minorities. To guarantee their spot in the school.
The author explains that multiple means of data collection must be used to identify students. Additionally, assessments tools used by educators must be reliable and valid. Furthermore, educators need to frequently gather data on students who are considered at risk several times per year in the areas of reading and math. The author further explains that a team of educators should identify evidence-based instructional strategies the general education teacher should apply before making a special education referral for services. Finally, the author states that data should be collected to determine if the student is responding to
The social institution of education maintains inequalities through the demonstration of two of our assign readings. First, the reading Missing in Interaction by Myra and David Sadker is an essay that was based on how segregation exists in the classrooms and the impact it has on both boy and girls (Ore, 2011b; 305). Their main argument is that sexism occurs in the classroom without the teachers realizing it. Teachers tend to focus more on the boys than girls when a class discussion begins. There are two examples within this essay that demonstrates this.
While reading Freedom Summer I learned about a period in history that I did not learn about previously in other history classes. In my history classes my teachers mainly talked about Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks but they never really talked about the Little Rock Nine students who were always bulled and picked on when they went to an all white school. After reading about this it made me realize that students of African American descent still face discrimination when they are in school. African American students seem to get labeled as “bad kids” and they get suspended at different levels in comparison to white students. This is a form of discrimination because if a punishment is given then it should be equal, and a person who is of color should not face harder punishment in comparison to a person who is not of color if both of those people committed the same
For this reason, he was an early advocate for desegregation of schools. In 1850, he was especially outspoken in New York. While the ratio of African American to white students there was one to forty African Americans received education funding at a ratio of only 1 to 1,600. This meant that the facilities and instruction for African American children were vastly inferior. Douglass criticized the situation and called for court action to open all schools to all children.
The Los Angeles Walkouts was a protest act for Latinos to raise the issue of prejudice among teachers and administration for Mexican American students. (Simpson, 2012) On March 6, 1968, students currently enrolled in Abraham Lincoln High School in East L.A. orchestrated a walkout to express their opinion of their poor classroom education. Mexican Americans believed the educators were offering only vocational and trade careers. Chicano believed educators were not allowing them to attempt at four-year unversity. The students also felt the school district was ignoring their culture and their history and wanted more ethnically diverse faculty and ethnic studies.
Also does gender impact the way anxiety is perceived. SC is subjective experiences from our environment. Interest is if they subject find the topic engaging Test anxiety is a psychological response of fear or distress Method Sample 192 forth grade student (9-12 years old), 97 boys and 95 girls all with a mean age of 10.04 and a SD of 0.64. this study was across 11 classes in Germany. The study used self report methods of questionaires generated by the “German Self-Description questionnaire”. The anxiety traits for interest and test anxiety were measured on a subscale and for SC a likert scale.
According to Tara Parker-Pope, “The problem of sexual harassment from peers — which can include name-calling and unwanted touching in hallways and classrooms — is often largely dismissed as normal student behavior by school officials”. There is a law at schools called Title XI, which is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination in schools or any educational places. Every school district must enforce this law and all the schools need to have an employee that makes sure that this law is being followed. I found that there were two types of sexual harassment at school: Quid pro quo harassment and hostile-environment harassment. Quid pro quo harassment happens when an employee at school gives an invitation to a student to get a benefit like a better grade if they perform a sexual act with them.