The United States established the School of the Americas (SOA), participated in Operation Condor, and created a series of torture manuals that were distributed by the SOA and the CIA. The United States supported these practices that ultimately resulted in the deaths of “political prisoners, torture victims,” or “nonviolent political dissenters” (Dower, 69). The next chapter leads Dower to explain how there was victory in the collapse of the Soviet Union and in the Gulf War against Iraq in the last decade of the twentieth century. There were advances in military technology as well, including precision warfare, infrared night-vision, and the global positioning system (GPS) (Dower, 72). George H.W.
The morning of Tuesday September 11, 2011 is one of the biggest tradgies of all time. On this specific day four airlines were hijacked by an Islamic group that goes by the name al-Qaeda. The attacks took the lives of 2,996 innocent people, injured nearly 6,000 people, and caused at least $10 billion in infracture and property damage. These attacks, also known as the 9/11 attacks, will forever be remebered as one of the most horrific days for so many people around this world. Initally, al-Qaeda considered targeting nuclear power plants on 9/11, but decided to go against it because they feared it would get too out of control.
America had lots of changes to make the attacks on September 11, 2001. Little did we know that this would affect the nation for years to come. Shortly after the attacks on 9/11 the Government acted very quickly. As stated in an article by Jaeshin Kim, “The Bush Administration launched the bombing of Afghanistan, and Congress passed the USA PATRIOT Act allowing law enforcement powers to detain foreign nationals or immigrants suspected of terrorism” (Kim 1). In situations as these, the President has no option but to quickly react, so he did.
Thousands of people died, the city was wrecked and fires were set aflame. The earthquake happened at 5:13 in the morning on April 20, 1906. The earthquake destroyed the city hall and many more buildings that took a long time to build. It had killed many people and started oil leaks. The leaks led to fires that blazed upon the city and killed many more.
Katrina recorded top wind speeds of one hundred miles per hour and spread across four-hundred miles. Massive floods occurred in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, as well as, widespread damage recorded in Georgia and Florida. In all, Hurricane Katrina killed over two thousand people, damaged approximately ninety thousand square miles, and is currently the most costly natural disaster in US history at one hundred and forty-five billion dollars. As expected, the local and state governments were overwhelmed by this cause of events, especially dealing with the limited resources and political climate that surrounded the aftermath of Katrina. Thus, after days of delay, the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) staged their command center in New Orleans, Louisiana, where a majority of the damage
This was a disturbing moment in our history that shook the very foundation of America. This is the first terrorist attack that we have experienced in the 21st century. President Bush spoke out to the American people to empower and soothe them in a vulnerable time. President Bush reassures citizens and the victim’s families that America and its people are not only strong but are safe and will rise up again. Bush effectively executes his 9/11 speech and uses rhetorical devices to catch the citizens attention, calm the America people and unite them together again.
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
These improvements are aimed to monitor suspicious behaviors and hopefully prevent future terrorist attacks like 9/11. This topic is highly controversial. Opponents of the Patriot Act argue that this act restricts the right to privacy which is promised to citizens by the founding fathers and is stated in the Constitution. Supporters argue that the Patriot Act is a necessary response to 9/11 and provides our law enforcement with the means to eradicate potential terrorist behaviors before they occur. Truly, the Patriot Act is one of the most positive government or public response to the 9/11 attacks on the United States.
5. Reasoning the theories The official story was that Osama bin Laden was the terrorist mastermind behind the attack, but some believe 9/11 was a smokescreen for a far bigger American conspiracy and that the Bush administration is the one, behind the vicious attack. 5.1. Justifying war The events of 9/11 ultimately led to war against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and allowed the United States access to Iraq’s most prized commodity, oil. America declared war on Iraq to gain control of Iraq’s oil but in order to do so it had to cover up its track.
1. DOMESTIC TERRORISM 1.1 Definition Domestic terrorism in the United States occurs between 1980s and 2000s. Before the legal definition had been set-up, a memo produced by the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Terrorist Research and Analytical Center in 1994 had defined domestic terrorism as “the unlawful use of force or violence, committed by a group(s) of two or more individual, against person or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. These act were considered as domestic because it usually done by U.S’s citizen or U.S permanent resident. The legal definition of domestic terrorism also has changed many times over the years in the U.S and it can be argued that acts of domestic terrorism have been occurring since long before any statutory definition was set forth.
The mission statement for the Department of Homeland Security was developed after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. It was immediately evident that our country was vulnerable to attacks from within and from outside of our borders. The White House acted quickly and within 11 days appointed Pennsylvania Governor, Tom Ridge, the first Director of Homeland Security in the White House (Homeland Security, 2015). Their mission statement is as follows: “The vision of homeland security is to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards” (Homeland Security, 2015). It is largely focused on federal preparations to deal with terrorism while trying to manage other duties including border security, customs and emergency management.
government took crucial steps in securing the nation from terrorism. President W. Bush stated, “They saw liberty and they saw weakness. And now, they see defeat.” September 11, 2001, brought a sense of defeat in the country and immediate change was necessary. He introduced the federal government organization known as the Transportation Security Administration. Police officers were responsible for securing the transportation systems and tightened airplane security.
The country found itself in utter terror and a sense of paralysis immediately following the 9/11 terrorist attacks on American soil by the al Qaeda network. “In the aftermath of the first attack on the American continent since the War of 1812, and the deadliest in the nation’s history, the country rallied behind the president” (Milkis & Nelson, 2012, 445). During this heightened time of support, the Bush Administration worked to expand the presidential powers. One of his most immediate decisions was to work with the National Security Agency (NSA) to monitor communications traffic between the United States and foreign countries in an effort to catch unknown terrorists before they acted against the United States again. According to Eichenwald,
The day will never be forgotten when over 66 Americans were captured by Iranian militants in Tehran.This lead to something that forever changed the way Islams were viewed and was know as the Iran hostage crisis. This was something new to us as Americans because this was our first issue that occurred from the islamic race. David Farber deepens the research of this attack and takes us readers into reason how and why this could have occurred in his book, Taken Hostage. Farber wants readers to not only understand more about why the Iran Hostage Crisis occurred, but how important it is for precations to be made in order to stop these kinds of attacks. The 1970 's were described to be a time of true endurance.
The attacks of September 11, 2001 on our country was one of the most tragic and deadly days in our history. It brought a country together and the American strength of freedom and unity became a battle cry. After the dust had cleared, the questions came about that asked, how could this have happened? Were there not security and intelligence infrastructures and policies in place? Where did these failures occur?