Face Recognition, as the most successful applications of image analysis and understanding, has recently received significant attention. Recognition implies the tasks of identification or authentication. Identification involves a one-to-many comparison to fetch unknown identity from a set of known possibilities. Authentication involves a one-to-one comparison to verify a claimed identity. Furthermore, closely related to recognition is classification where the problem is to identify a group of individuals as sharing some common features.
The aim of this paper is to understand facial processing with reference to Bruce and Young’s (1986) Information Processing theory as well as Burton, Bruce and Johnston (1990) Cognitive Science theory of face recognition. The cognitive models will be described, discussed and evaluated. This paper shall also identify different research evidence based on the models as well as apply both theories to two case studies. Bruce and Young’s (1986) Information Processing theory suggests that there are
Even the ability to merely detect faces, as opposed to recognizing them, can be important. Although it is clear that people are good at face recognition, it is not at all obvious how faces are encoded or decoded by a human brain (Agarwal et al., 2010). While this appears as a easy task for human beings, it is a very challenging task for computers, and has been one of the top studied research topics in the past few decades. The goal of face recognition is to determine whether or not there are any faces in the image and, if present, return the image location and extent of each
It is the study of human mental process and their function in thinking, feeling and human behaviour. Human mental processes such as memory, attention, perception, problem solving, language processing, creativity and thinking. Cognitive Psychology is the scientific exploration of human cognition which involves all our mental abilities. As a study, it focuses on how people process information and make judgements based on this information processed. It involves attempting to understand human cognition by observing the behaviour of people carrying out cognitive tasks.
2.1 Face Recognition Technology Human individuality is often identified using faces, advancements in computing capability over the past few decades now enable similar recognitions. Recognition process has now matured into a science of sophisticated mathematical representations and matching processes from geometric model. Face recognition can be used for both verification and identification (open-set and closed-set).Facial recognition is achieved by means of comparing the rigid features of face, which do not change over a period of time. It can also be achieved by comparing other parameters such as skin tone against the information that are stored in the facial database. Limitation • 2D recognition is affected by changes in lighting, the person’s hair, the age, and if the person
Human has the ability to learn, relearn, and unlearn. It is the innate ability of human being. When one perceive new information and it is learnt and store in the memory then it will be the knowledge that human received called cognition. Cognition is the study of psychological area which has go beyond the taking in and retrieving information. In cognitive psychology, McLeod defined cognition as the study of the human mental processes which how people encode, structure, store, retrieve, use or otherwise learn knowledge (McLeod, 2015).
1. Introduction and Motivation A face of a human carries a great deal of data about his personality and emotional condition of that person. Face recognition is an intriguing and challenging problem and it effects vital applications in numerous areas such as identification for law enforcement, verification for banking, security system entrance, and personal identification among others. Face description portrays how to model a face and leads the succeeding algorithms of detection and recognition (cf. Park, 2009).
Just to understand the fundamental processes that caused the behavior to happen, cognitive psychologists still take behavior into account rather than the behavior itself because cognitive psychology is the study of mental process only. Cognitive psychology as being the study of mental process includes attention, memory, language development, problem solving, and decision-making. Information processing approach and the connectionist approach are the two main branches of thought in cognitive psychology. Information processing looks at the brain like a machine that both encodes and stores data for retrieval at a later time. This approach has been popular since the 1950s.
Wrinkles are deepened at the sides of the eyes, and freckles and aging spots occur on the face skin. However, shape and texture correlate with each other deeply on the face,and are also inﬂuenced by other factors, such as pose and illu- mination. This phenomenon makes cross-age face veriﬁcation an even more challenging problem. Based on the above observations, we extract shape and tex-ture from the faces and model them separately. 68 face landmark points are located by the OMRON face alignment algorithm.
Cognition and Learning are inseparable but they are not interchangeable (Greeno, 1996). Cognitive processes operate to make learning happens. For example, my students learnt how to write an essay by undergoing some cognitive processes such as thinking, remembering, memorizing and problem solving. Making Sense of Our World: The Role of Representation. There are internal and external representation.