For this research, Quantitative study was used as it involved deduction. Hypotheses was formulated; the dependent and independent variables were identified which assisted in measurements of objectives. Data was collected by using close-ended questionnaires. 5.1 Research paradigm According to the requirements of research question, it was decided that it would be appropriate to choose the positivism approach as the philosophical assumption and research paradigm for the study. Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research.
It could also be defined as social research that uses empirical methods and empirical statement. Since quantitative research is about collecting numerical data to explain a phenomenon, particular question seem immediately suited to being answered using quantitative method. Quantitative research is a systematic process used to gather and statistically analyze information that has been measured by an instrument. Instruments are used to convert information into numbers. It examines phenomenon through the numerical representation of observations and statistical analysis.
After this a reliability, validity and factor analysis was carried out on the data. A reliability analysis was utilized to investigate if the test efficiently assessed the construct being measured. A validity analysis allowed us to investigate if there was a relationship between the subscales of our scale and the other scales participants had to answer. Finally, a factor analysis established whether one or more of the items underlie other
Personality Ashley N Gold Wenatchee Valley College Table of Contents Abstract 3 Personality 4 Openness (to experience) 4 Conscientiousness 5 Extraversion 5 Agreeableness 5 Neuroticism. 6 References 7 Abstract In this paper, I will be describing my own personality using self-concept of The Big Five Theory. Personality refers to different relatively steady characteristics in people that may determine overall behavior. The Big Five Theory identifies five basic personality traits that includes the following: openness (to experience), conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. For each trait, I will state/score where I think I fit on the continuum, either stronger (high) or weaker (low) using a scale from one to
Daniel Riff introduced in his book the major definition and compiled their aspects into his own. He says: “Quantitative content analysis is the systematic and replicable examination of symbols of communication, which have been assigned numeric values according to valid measurement rules, and the analysis of relationships involving those values using statistical methods, to describe the communication, draw inferences about its meaning, or infer from the communication
As shown by the tests score, we can see that Myer-Briggs gives us idea of what kind of person we are but in order to determine meaningful relationship among different types of personalities, the big five test is required. It also shows that our traits score can also lie between the two personality
Across these waves, we identify five main methods guiding the collection and the analysis of data. Second, we identify methodological issues that are central to OI research, such as how to select, among the various self-referential statements that are made by organizational members, those that can be legitimately considered evidence of OI, and whose perspective counts in gathering evidence of OI, and we compare how published studies have successfully addressed identity-specific research questions outlined above. Finally, this review of published research on OI reveals some degree of ambiguity in professed ontological assumptions and methodological choices in past research. By bringing out more clearly the paradigmatic differences that underpin these studies, and by highlighting their implications for methodological choices, we attempt to reduce uncertainty about the appropriateness of different research design for the questions being investigated. Research methods in OI studies Past research on OI indicates that most studies have adopted one of five fundamental methods, with rare exceptions adopting nonconventional procedures for data collection and analysis (e.g.
While in Malcolm Gladwell’s article,”The Science of Shopping”, he shows how retail consultant Paco Underhill’s idea of “retail anthropology,” affect how people shop and the manipulation that can be put on their shopping habits. The shopping experience is heavily affected by the stores that pay attention to how buyers react
The questionnaires were coded using a 5 point Likert scaling process that allowed the respondents to answer based on their feelings about the questions. The data was then turned into quantitative data sets that could be measured (Lambert & Paoline, 2008). There was significant variation in both dependent and independent variables (Lambert & Paoline, 2008). The focus groups were used to develop questionnaires, the data collected from the questionnaires were quantified for analysis using a 5 point Likert scale (Lambert & Paoline, 2008). Job stress, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, instrumental communication, formalization, input into decision making, promotional opportunity, dangerousness, job variety, and role strain were used.