Frank Luntz, a political consultant, and Thomas Jefferson had two completely different views on the emotions and intellect of the citizens of our country. Frank Luntz believes that emotion is far more important than intellect. In an interview with Frontline, Luntz stated that the voters are more likely to respond to passion more than intellect and that one can change how the voters think, but one cannot change how they feel. Feelings are felt deeply and strongly on the inside while how someone thinks is on the outside. If candidates focus on how voters feel and try to understand how they feel, they have a much stronger chance of gaining more votes.
There was so much going back and forth! He was then known as the “hero,” some would say, for the separation of church and state, and getting the revised version of a document penned by Jefferson in 1777. Madison typically love to challenge himself, so he took on a government composition- the U.S. Constitution. Madison proceeded to compose the first drafts of the U.S. Constition along with the bill of rights. Many referred to him as “Father of the Constitution.” In the spring of 1787, each state sent their delegates to meet at a convention in Philadelphia to present their ideas for an effective government system.
The Citizens United Ruling made by Supreme Court in 2010 only made the issue of money ruling the elections worse. Its main effects, stated in the video, “paved the way” for big corporations or unions to spend as much money as they feel necessary in elections and the political process. They can utilize this rule through advertisements, messages, and many different ways of communication to potential and up and coming voters. It changed the way campaigns were carried out by not only putting a bigger emphasis on the political spending from candidates and outside organizations, but also in a sense demerits the aspect of democracy, with having the amount money spent on a campaign be noticed more than the voices of the people. Voting does not really represent the country, but rather, represents the rich and powerful of the country.
Even before the war had ended, Hamilton 's attention began to focus on politics. In letters to colonial leaders, he strongly criticized the new Confederation and advocated a strong, centralized government. As the war ended in 1783, he was admitted to the New York bar and opened an office on Wall Street. He served in the U.S. Congress from 1782 to 1783 and founded the Bank of New York in 1784. In 1787–88, Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison wrote The Federalist Papers, a series of letters defending the new Constitution.
Hamilton was still focused on creating a strong central government. In 1787 he arranged a meeting with other delegates to talk about ideas and trying to make attempts to fix the Articles of Confederation. In The Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton wrote 51 of them and there were only 85. In the presidential elections in 1800 Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were the nominees. Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton were both running to be Thomas Jefferson’s vice president.
Nevertheless the partisan election of judges gives the voters what they want based on party affiliation along with qualifications. Appointing the judges on the other hand would only benefit that particular party affiliation. The outcome of judges being appointed would ultimately bring more harm than good. The plus for appointments would
From 1787 to 1788, anonymous essays were appearing in the New York Times newspapers. They were published under the pen name “Publius,” who later was found out to be a man named Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton was one of the Founding Fathers of the United states. He, along with two other men, James Madison and John Jay, were promoters of the constitution, and were the ones who wrote the Federalist papers. These papers were eighty-five separate essays that’s intention was to urge the residence of New York to ratify the new United States Constitution.
Furthermore, STV led elected bodies with a broader representation and thus there are more likely able to reflex the electorate’s views and more responsive to them. The parties will have broad coalitions. It is more likely a few parties will have to work together and no single party will control overall. Next, STV can eliminate tactic voting. Tactical voting means an act of voting for a political party or a person that you would not usually support in order to prevent another party or person from winning.
In collaboration with James Madison and John Jay, Hamilton wrote 51 of 85 essays under the collective title The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers). In the essays, he artfully explained and defended the newly drafted Constitution prior to its approval. In 1788, at the New York Ratification Convention in Poughkeepsie, where two-thirds of delegates opposed the Constitution, Hamilton was a powerful advocate for ratification, effectively arguing against the anti-Federalist sentiment. His efforts succeeded when New York agreed to ratify, and the remaining eight states followed suit. This created a chain reaction with the public, with the role of a strong figure in represntation of the country, through the behalf of Hamilton [Hamilton,
Good use provides great happiness and profit for the citizens, but when used improperly, the citizens suffer great damage. Therefore, we need to pay more attention to the politics and the state, and to the politicians who are currently operating the state, and to focus on the way they operate. If they do wrong politics, we must go out and block them and go the right way. If the citizens leave politicians politics bad, we will have the damage completely. A double-edged sword is a great benefit for us.
Interest groups provide two indispensable ingredients, money and information. They attempt to persuade both the public and individual government officials to take a particular point of view on specific public policies. They also enhance democratic government by supplying information to citizens, contributing to debates about issues, getting people involved in politics and shaking up the established order by influencing institutions (Pg.73). Some people join interest groups to influence others, stature, money or some other benefits. Public Opinion is citizens’ view on politics and government actions.
If the smaller states were united in their votes to block a bill from passing, they could do so. (Brackemyre, n.d.) If larger and smaller states had different agendas, which they often did, a smaller population could over rule that of a larger one, whose majority may actually benefit from the passing of a piece of legislation. (Brackemyre, n.d.) The final weakness in the legislative process of the Articles of Confederation was the ability to amend them. In order to do so, a unanimous vote of Congress plus every single state needed to occur. This made passing amendments extremely difficult.
The act of gerrymandering does threaten democracy because it aids a specific political party,it is unfair to the voters, and it allows politicians to have control over the voters. Within the gerrymandering game, the political party that was supported was commonly content and fully supported the plan while the opposition was almost always completely against the decision making it difficult to compromise. The point of a democracy is to represent everyone who has the power to vote. The two main parties in the United States are Republican and Democratic and yield the highest chance of having an official be elected for state governments, or local district governments compared to third parties. When one party gerrymanders, they weaken the other party 's chances of gaining power.
The Federalist Papers contains eighty-five essays that were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under their pen name of “Publius.” The Federalist Papers were written to urge the citizens of New York to ratify the new United States Constitution. The essays were published to the New York newspapers between October 27, 1787 and May 1788. The title was not originally “The Federalist Paper” but just “The Federalist.” Three men that were under the pen name Publius wrote 85 essays and out of three papers, they are generally considered to be one of the most important contributions to the constitution are the Federalist 10, 30, and 51. In Federalist number 10 Madison begins to establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions. According to Madison factions are “a groups of people who gather together to protect and promote their economic interests, political opinions, and implies of passion.” Madison had two ways to control the factions.
However, the legislative branch of the new government proposed in the Constitution is able to control the malignant effects of factions because the representatives are able to pass legislation that affects large portions of the nation instead of individuals. Madison then states that a pure democracy, in which ordinary citizens govern themselves, are not able to control the effects of factions, but a republic, in which citizens elect representatives to govern, is able to. The reason that republics can control the effects of political parties is because the representatives have to consider the good of the whole nation; Madison hopes that their patriotism will override their temporary interests. Furthermore, representatives, given that they are elected into office, should be men of good morals and intelligence; Madison believes these men of this caliber are more fit to govern a country than average citizens. In conclusion, Madison discusses in Federalist 10 what factions are and how they work, and why a republic is the best government to combat the negative effects of