Factors Affecting Corruption In South Africa

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PP.Ledwaba Topic: Factors affecting corruption in African countries. Introduction Background Corruption is one of the most formidable challenges to sustainable development in Africa. Corruption hinders economic development and it tends to slow down the democratic process and stability in a political system. The money gained out of corruption does not increase the living standards of the beneficiaries of corruption nor is it used to make smart investments, instead it is used for example private gain to import luxurious goods (Thelander 2005:29). Combating corruption is a major concern due to the fact that corruption is found in all African nations from South Africa to Egypt and from the offices of presidents and prime ministers to the smallest administration units of government. The Transparency International anti-corruption organisations have ranked Africa as one of the continents that have been swimming in the ocean of corruption. A survey has proved that Africans themselves strongly believe that the government ruling in the continent is perceived to be corrupt (Transparency International ,2016; Corruption Perception Index, 2016). Transparency International constructed a corruption rank which asserts that the ten most corrupt nations were Somalia, South Sudan, North Korea, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, Libya, Afghanistan, Guinea-Bissau and Venezuela. This implies that Somalia was the most corrupt nation in the year 2016 followed by South Sudan and the ranking continued in that
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