This essay discusses how the family is viewed by two different sociological perspectives- functionalism and conflict theory. Firstly, ‘family’ is defined. Secondly, the main ideas of functionalism will be discussed followed by how this theory perceives the family. The main ideas of Conflict Theory will then be examined and how conflict theorists perceive the family. The family can be defined as ‘any combination of two or more persons who are bound together by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption and who, together, accept responsibility for the care and maintenance of group members through procreation or adoption, the socialisation of children and social control of members’ (UN, cited in McDonald 2003:80).
The Family Systems Theory Family systems theory is a framework for understanding families and their strengths and dysfunctions. The strengths identified among family relations can be used to help solve existing problems. The same applies with problems identified. The family system theory is based on Bowen’s theory which argues that people cannot leave independent of each other’s network of relationships. People within a family are connected emotionally, which affects their overall well being and social relations and behaviour.
In society today there are multiple media sources projecting different views of families as well as alternate parenting methods which coincide with these outlooks. Television shows, movies, magazine articles and billboards all do their part in displaying contemporary ideas of families to society. It is important to consider discourse when looking as well as working with families. Understanding that there are diversities involved in everyday family is important to consider. Families revolve around relationships, that being stated there is a large range of relationships, those that are healthy and those that are not, often both are displayed in the media.
Through my lens I look at an individual as a person. Guided by my instincts and my desire to seek knowledge I walk a path of a hero. I will continue to put all my energy into breaking down barriers, uniting people together and hoping to find the good life. I was taught that your situations would never define you, but your decision will. My preferred lens describes me completely; I use my experience in life to make decision even those things that I know are unethical.
Family counseling draws on systems thinking in its perspective of the family as an emotional unit. When systems thinking, which assesses the portions of a system in relation to the whole, is related to families, it proposes behavior is both informed by and indivisible from the performance of a client’s family of origin. Families facing a struggle within the family unit and looking for professional help to address the problems may find family counseling a helpful approach. Within family counseling there are four family system approaches: systems, structural, strategic, and communications. Family System Aprroach Family counseling centers on, and is best defined as, the family and its members’ interactions and relations (Henderson & Thompson,
Family is defined in different ways by different set of idealists. How a functionalist views a family maybe different from how a Marxist may view it. Just as different idealists view families differently, different cultures may view family differently as well. Understanding family often requires understanding the cultural and social context in which it is being defined. A family maybe defined as a cultural construct of political, traditional, social and religious values acted out by individuals.
Throughout the trip, Mr. Kapasi observes the family, and learns a lot about the family -- from the smallest details to elaborate stories. The interactions between multiple aspects of identity evidently has an impact on the lives of the family, both in the past and the present. The story takes a stance on how two contrasting cultural, social and personal identities can classify each person as affiliating with different groups, providing reason for the story to be placed in the Identity unit rather than the Hybridity unit. The differences between Mr. Kapasi 's and Mr. Das’s greetings show how their differing
More specifically, collectivism includes looking at the needs of those in your group before looking at your own, readiness to cooperate with your group, shared beliefs, and happiness based on the welfare of those around you. The outworking of this looks like families being defined as more than just parents and siblings but including aunts, uncles, grandparents, and even
Define and summarize each of the sociological theories discussed in this chapter. According to Macionis (2015) (12.3) The sociological theory to issues of family life can be explained and defined as follows 1) Structional-functional theory views the family as the foundation for all societies, families are how societies regulates reproduction of children, families create a safe and stable environment for these children and families create units of economic cooperation which provide emotional support in the world. 2) Symbolic-Interaction theory a micro-level approach views the family not as a societal institution but as an ongoing interaction of individuals. In this perspective, how people understand themselves and each other reflect on the outcome of their relationships. Children raised with love and steady parental guidance develop a positive self-image while children raised with criticism may end up developing a strong level of self-doubt.
In addition, according to the Family Life Now textbook, family origin is the main thing that influences an individual’s development and the ability to relate to others (Welch, 2010). The theories I will be focusing on are the family development theory, conflict theory, family systems theory, and social exchange theory. Family development theory can be understood as the traditional family and the many phases or stages in their development. For example a family can start by a man and women getting married and their new roles that come into play at this stage. Then having children and all the roles that come into play then, etc.