Factors Affecting Higher Education

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2.1. WHAT CAUSES THE CHALLENGES FACING HIGHER EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?
In today’s world there are a lot of issues going on in the international world that end up affecting higher education in the developing countries. Such issues include; globalization, regionalization, Information and communication technologies, alternate funding sources. According to Jane Knight (2008), Globalization is the most powerful feature of the changing environment. It dominates and influences the minds of policy makers professionals and academics regardless of the sector they belong to. The writer further give the common elements of globalization that affect higher education, these elements are; a) The knowledge society, (b) the market economy (c)
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This has affected higher education learning whereby teachers and students are not well trained on these new technologies and therefore the courses taught are not well delivered compared to the class lectures.
Market Economy
There is an increased number and influence of market based economies around the world.
Higher Education institutions have lost focus on ways to improve the education system rather they have focused on commercialization and commodification of higher education and training at both national and international levels. Higher learning institutions are now treated as business and therefore losing the main agenda of education which is to produce high knowledgeable people who can bring development changes to the world.
Trade Liberalization
With regional and international co operational bodies which help integrate countries, there have been new international and regional trade agreements.These ageemets have helped decrease barriers to trade.
Trade liberalization has resulted to import and export of educational services and products increase while barriers being removed.
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With all these compliments there is a need of having careful thoughts and attention being focused on why, when and how the new information and communication technologies can develop higher education and the international dimension. With advancements in Information and communication technologies majority of the developing countries use English for information sharing and as a teaching language. In addition to that most of the electronic data sources and information are in are available in English only. With the increasing necessity of learning English it is believed that students will not find the importance of learning other languages. Learning other languages serves as a platform to learning other cultures. For graduates of Higher Education they need to be presented with different ways of knowing and thinking about the world and this can be made possible through intercultural communication skills. Without doing that then the current challenges facing higher education will never perish on the face of the developing

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