Introduction: The English language is generally acknowledged as a global language, in view of its numerous functions and preference over several other languages around the globe. The tradition of English teaching has been drastically changed with the remarkable entry of technology. Technology provides so many options as making teaching interesting and also making teaching more productive in terms of improvements. Technology is one of the most significant drivers of both social and linguistic change. At present the role and status of English is that it is the language of social context, political, socio cultural, business, education, industries, media, library, communication across borders, and key subject in curriculum and language of imparting education.
In the English learning literature, the development of a positive attitude towards learning could be attributed to Integrativeness, or the genuine desire to learn a new language so that one can communicate with the members of the community who use the language as their medium of communication (Dörnyei, 1998). However, as the world has become more borderless as exemplified by the EU and the ASEAN, other attitudinal factors were conceptually included. The additions were attributed to the changing of concept from ‘English is a second language to learn’ to ‘English as an international language’(Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2009). This resulted to the addition of other attitudinal factors that include Direct contact with English speakers (attitude towards actually meeting English speakers and travelling to their countries) ; Cultural interest (appreciation of cultural products from English speaking countries conveyed by the media); Miliu (the general perception of the importance of English in the learners’ friends and family) (Dörnyei & Ushioda, 2009). From the aforementioned attitudinal factors, the following hypotheses were
Today, bilingual education used in many countries for a variety of social and educational purposes. It is become actual problem of this century. Because, the world is changing and according to the requirements of time, the human mind adjusts to new discoveries, to new tops. Large-scale changes in all spheres of human activity: the globalization of the economy and politics, the information explosion, the rapid development of communication defined new requirements for the quality of education. First of all, a general global trend towards integration in the sphere of education determines the trend towards integration of subject knowledge.
I look forward in helping college students map out their academic goals, this experience I believe can expose me to the many different cultural groups that I will meet during my career as a college counselor. The impact of receiving the Gilman Scholarship would allow me to further my goals of exposure to new cultures and social issues. Also allowing me to gather the knowledge I will gain for my future career in counseling. I have a deep passion for social change. I believe that one should be equipped and well cultured to be able to understand the communities that you will serve.
The economic competition forced by the globalization is obviously the main motive for the reshaping the education systems in many countries. Global information and communication technologies, mass media and international NGOs contribute to reforms in education directly or indirectly. International organizations inflict their policy interests, objectives and philosophies to developing countries through conditionality related to lending. The discourses of knowledge economy, life-long learning, international testing and technology are found to be the main concern of education policy in developing nations; these have thus become in effect globalized education policy
A shift is made from national to global notions of rights. In addition, a broad educational participation has become a huge concern in School systems. Cultural globalization and political globalization has a direct impact on the concept of human rights in education. Suarez & Meyer(1996:39) maintains that the notion of human rights positively effects educational policies, the curriculum as well as the development of textbooks. The implementation of human rights in education rapidly expands development of organizations, professional associations and a discourse that is devoted to matter.
Globalization has lead to so many differences as well as innovations, one concrete, and has been evident since then, example is the use and reasons for learning and teaching the English language. Because of Globalization, Global Education emerged and teaching foreign language has been promoted to being pivotal for the personal, cognitive and general academic benefits. Educational institution began developing curriculum that build a global citizen that will fulfill the demand of globalization. Connections of society to society become crucial and learning languages, that emerge according to the economical factors, has been a must. Teaching foreign languages became crucial to this agenda to mold the students to be able to engage with international events and be able to be a part of discussions with deeper
Learning about other countries, cultures, and people around the world will help students have a broad understanding and respect for different ideas and ways of life. Though students may not all plan to use the language in the future or become fluent in the language, they should still learn about new cultures and differences in countries around the world. It will encourage new ways of learning and allow students to appreciate their own way of life as well as the many others on our
The process of globalization has a major effect in the changing world. Globalization have two main drivers which is economic institution and information technology. There is a rapid change in technology as well as knowledge therefore for organizations to be competitive in the global market they need to be familiar with new
1.1 INTRODUCTION Globalization has produced a profound effect on national and international systems of commerce, education, and governance. The competition and rapid technological development demands for the transformation at economic, education, political and organisation level. Due to the complex and interdependent global challenges, such as economic and technological development, today’s business environment is becoming more complex, uncertain and competitive. This has brought to the foreground a wide cluster of skills to cater to the changing demands, whereas for decades, the main focus of the industry was on what is known as hard skills. All types of organizations consider human resources as their key asset, which plays a critical role