Without adequate language skills, it is near impossible to develop individuality and independence. Say for example; an individual is having trouble with a person, and they do not possess adequate language skills to voice their feelings, how on earth are they supposed to have their thoughts understood by the other person. Another factor of social development that language triggers is the relational aggression issue. Relational aggression is defined as harm done to relationships. A study conducted by Theresa L. Estrem (6/8/2010), investigated the correlation between language skills and relational aggression.
Language development is a critical part of a child’s overall development. Language encourages and supports a child’s ability to communicate. Through language, a child is able to understand and define his or her’s feelings and emotions. It also introduces the steps to thinking critically as well as problem-solving, building and maintaining relationships. Learning a language from a social perspective is important because it gives the child the opportunity to interact with others and the environment.
The study, discuss the different factors including as : poverty , parent-child interaction and cultural aspects that effect students academic growth and how educators can improve child development in and outside of school. Research proves a child's economical setting is linked to the development their vocabulary skills. Toddlers suffer from the vocabulary gap from deficient experiences and socioeconomic group. “ Cultural influence, mental processes ad language are dynamic processes occur simultaneously. This means constant social interaction with those around us helps form the quality of mental abilities and language at various ages” (Gardiner & Kosmizki, ).
It has been found that girls know more words and have a larger vocabulary than boys particularly in the first five years of life. From a biological standpoint, the area of language development in the brain works at a faster rate in girls, and from a social standpoint there is less interaction with boys than girls in the home and at school. Children with disorders related to language learn new words at slower rate than those with no such issues. The exposure a child has to language in their environment affects their semantic development based on the premise that children from higher income families have more conversations and parent-child interactions resulting in an expanded vocabulary than children from lower income families. 2.
This stage of learning the language is a phenomenon which identified as protoconversation. Protoconversation talks about the basic language playful exchanges between the caregiver and, the infants who are under one year old. The expected idea is that, in the infants’ interaction that are about two months, infants communicate with moving their hands, heads, and with the use of their voice without ability of looking of hearing. After first few months the infant’s communication developed and the infant communicate with the caregiver by interact and response and the traditional gestures with playful sound, which represent creativity in home at the first stages of the human language. However, this way of acquiring language and the stages of language’s development associated with the studies of social anthropology and psycholinguistic.
When we speak of Language Development, we speak of the process by which children come to understand and communicate language during early childhood. 1.3 Factors That Affect the Development of Language: As we know Language development is a process, a process in which children learn and understand how to communicate. Every process has factors that influence it. With regards to language development there are many factors that can either affect or influence the language development of a young child. I will discuss only eleven factors: •
As children are being engaged in conversations, they are developing their verbal communication skill in the social context. They learn how to communicate with other people effectively. The socio-dramatic scripting in the play also contribute in the developing of communication skill as children are participating in the conversation carried out by their role (Gronna, Serna, Kennedy, & Prater, 1999). Metacommunicative skills which occurs when stepping in and out of the play also helps in children’s social learning (Wood, 2013). Children then can develop into effective communicators which allows them to make friends (DET, 2016).
Language development tis affected when a child is isolated from others which directly affects their ability to communicate in social situations. Language development begins at infancy, by things like cooing, crying and giggling, the sounds they make are initials to the language development, because they learned to put sounds together. When a child needs something from a parent, they communicate their needs by crying and getting their attention. They learn to communicate their feelings. When a baby is isolated they don’t get that attention they need, even if they cry.
Speech and language functions are important components in children’s development. Children’s ability to talk and communicate with their parents and friends influences their social adaptation (Rosselli et al., 2014). Communication is the key element necessary for interaction
Attitudes towards the language community are relevant to the social aspect and cultural implication of SLA such as attitudes towards ethnocentrism (Gardner, 1982). Regarding the importance of attitude towards learning, Kara (2010) declared that while teachers help learners to acquire the knowledge, skills and values of society, the attitudes of the learners towards learning establish one of the most crucial subjects among the skills and knowledge acquired in education. Gardner believes that these two types of attitudes influence the achievement in second language learning. However, he claims that ‘attitudes towards learning the language are more closely related with achievement than attitudes towards the second language community’ (Darmah, n. d. p. 3). Attitudes influence inner mood, behavior and learning ( İnal , Evin & Saracaloğlu, n.d.).