Factors Affecting Students Gender Identity

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This chapter presents the specific factors and indicators inside the school that affect the students’ gender identity and expression such as school’s principle, perception, code of conduct and peer pressure. The following are the literatures and related studies that may help in gaining a clearer knowledge of the topic under research. Factors Affecting Students’ Gender Identity and Expression. As cited by Ghosh (2015), gender identity is defined as a personal conception of oneself as male of female (or rarely, both or neither). In nearly all instances, gender identity is self-identified, because of a combination of inherent and extrinsic or environmental factors; gender role, on the other hand, is the outward manifestation of gender identity. Gender role is manifested within society by observable factors such as behavior and appearance. For instance, if a person considers himself a male and is most comfortable referring to masculine aspects, then his gender identity is male. However, His gender role is male only if he demonstrates typically male characteristics and behaviors. According to Oswalt (2010), students’ upbringing and social environments impact their developing gender identities. Parental and authority figure teaching regarding sexual stereotypes occurring in or before the early portion of middle childhood until teenage years strongly influence the students’ interests, preference, behaviors and overall self-concept. Students who are taught that certain traits or
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